Nairobi

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Nairobi (pronounced /naɪˈroʊbi/) is the caipital and lairgest ceety o Kenyae. The ceety and its surroondin aurie an aa forms the Nairobi Province.[1] The name "Nairobi" comes frae the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyirobi, which translates tae "the place o cool waters". However, it is popularly known as the "Green City in the Sun" an is surroondit bi several expandin villa suburbs.[2] The fowk o Nairobi are popularly nicknamed 'Nairobians'.

Foondit in 1899 as a simple rail depot on the railway linkin Mombasa tae Ugandae, the toun quickly grew tae become the caipital o Breetish East Africae in 1907 an eventually the caipital o a free Kenyan republic in 1963.[3] Durin Kenyae's colonial period, the ceety became a centre for the colony's coffee, tea an sisal industry.[4] Nairobi is an aa the caipital o the Nairobi Province an o the Nairobi District. The ceety lies on the Nairobi River, in the sooth o the naition, an haes an elevation o 1795 m abuin sea-level.[5]

Nairobi is the maist populous ceety in East Africae, wi a current estimatit population o aboot 3 million.[6] According to the 1999 Census, in the administrative aurie o Nairobi, 2,143,254 inhabitants lived athin 696 km2 (269 sq mi).[7] Nairobi is currently the 13t lairgest ceety in Africae, based on population an fowert lairgest in infrastructure development an its size.

Nairobi is nou ane o the maist prominent ceeties in Africae politically an financially.[8] Hame tae mony companies an organisations, includin the Unitit Naitions Environment Programme an the UN Office in Africae, Nairobi is established as a hub for business an cultur. The Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE) is ane o the lairgest in Africae, ranked fowert in terms o trading volume an capable o makin 10 million trades a day.[9] The Globalisation and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. [1][deid airtin]
  2. Pulse Africa. "Not to be Missed: Nairobi 'Green City in the Sun'". pulseafrica.com. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  3. City-Data.com. "Nairobi History". http://www.city-data.com/. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  4. "History - Nairobi". City-data.com. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 
  5. AlNinga. "Attractions of Nairobi". alninga.com. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named currentpop
  7. "Population distribution by province/district and sex: 1979-199 censuses". Kenya Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-03-20. [deid airtin]
  8. Bauk. "Håvar Bauck's city guide to Nairobi". bauck.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-09. Retrieved 2007-06-17. 
  9. [2][deid airtin]
  10. "Sister Cities International". Sister-cities.org. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 
  11. "Raleigh, North Carolina". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 

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