Geneva

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Geneva
Geneva - Top left: Palace des Nations, Middle left: CERN Laboratory, Richt: Jet d'Eau, Bottom: View ower Geneva an the lake.
Top left: Palace des Nations, Middle left: CERN Laboratory, Richt: Jet d'Eau, Bottom: View ower Geneva an the lake.
Kintra Swisserland Coat of Arms of Geneva
Canton Geneva
Destrict N/A
46°12′N 6°09′E / 46.200°N 6.150°E / 46.200; 6.150Coordinates: 46°12′N 6°09′E / 46.200°N 6.150°E / 46.200; 6.150
Population 191,803 (Aug 2011)[1]
- Densitie 12,094 /km2 (31,322 /sq mi)
Aurie  15.93 km2 (6.15 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 375 m (1,230 ft)
Postal code 1200
SFOS number 6621
Mayor (list) Pierre Maudet (as o 2011) FDP/PRD/PLR
Demonym Genevois
Surroondit bi Carouge, Chêne-Bougeries, Cologny, Lancy, Grand-Saconnex, Pregny-Chambésy, Vernier, Veyrier
Wabsteid ville-geneve.ch
SFSO statistics
Geneva is located in Switzerland
Geneva
Geneva

Geneva (Arpitan: Genèva, IPA: [ˈd͡zənɛva]; French: Genève, IPA: [ʒənɛv]; German: Genf, IPA: [ˈɡɛnf] ( listen); Italian: Ginevra; Romansh: Genevra) is the seicont-maist-populous ceety in Swisserland (efter Zurich) an is the maist populous ceety o Romandie (the French-speakin pairt o Swisserland). Situatit whaur the Rhône River exits Lake Geneva (in French an aa kent as Lac Léman), it is the caipital o the Republic an Canton o Geneva. While the municipality itsel (ceety centre ville de Genève) haes a population o 191,415 (2010), the canton o Geneva (République et Canton de Genève, which includes the ceety) haes 457,628 residents (2009).[3] The agglomeration haes 1,240,000[4] residents but the Greater Geneva agglomeration (Geneva-Bern aurie) haes got 2,800,000[5] residents.

Geneva is a global ceety, a financial centre, an a warldwide centre for diplomacy an the maist important internaitional co-operation centre wi New York acause o the presence o numerous internaitional organisations, includin the heidquarters o mony o the agencies o the Unitit Naitions[6] an the Reid Cross.[7] It is an aa the place whaur the Geneva Conventions wur signed, which chiefly concern the treatment o wartime non-combatants an preesoners o war.

Geneva haes been described as the third European financial centre efter Lunnon an Zurich,[8] an the warld's aicht maist important financial centre bi the Global Financial Centres Index, aheid o Frankfurt an Sydney,[9] an a 2009 survey bi Mercer foond Geneva tae hae the third-heichest quality o life o ony ceety in the warld (narrowly ootranked bi Zurich).[10] The ceety haes been referred tae as the warld's maist compact metropolis an the "Peace Caipital".[11] In 2009, Geneva wis ranked as the fowert maist expensive ceety in the warld.[12]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Geneva is probably o Celtic oreegin. The ceety wis mentioned in Laitin texts wi the spellin Genava. The name takes various forms in modren leids. Thus, it is Geneva in Inglis an pronounced /dʒɨˈniːvə/, French: Genève [ʒənɛv], German: Genf [ˈɡɛnf] ( listen), Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra], an Romansh: Genevra. Anither theory is that Geneva is derived frae "Genévrier" which is the French wird for "juniper".

There is occasionally confusion atween this ceety an the Italian port o Genoa (in Italian Genova) as they seem tae share a Celtic root, genu / genawa, meaning "estuary."

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is dividit intae aicht quartiers, or destricts, sometimes composed o several neighborhuids. On the Left Bank are (1) Jonction, (2) Centre. Plainpalais, an Acacias, (3) Eaux-Vives, an (4) Champel, while the Right Bank includes (1) Saint-Jean an Charmilles, (2) Servette an Petit-Saconnex, (3) Grottes an Saint-Gervais, an (4) Paquis an Nations.[13]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Canton of Geneva Statistics, MS Excel document – Population résidante du canton de Genève, selon l'origine et le sexe, par commune, en novembre 2011 (French) accessed 10 December 2011
  2. Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. [1]
  4. Office fédéral du développement territorial ARE, DETEC, Etude thématique A1: l'évolution des villes et des agglomérations suisses, 19 décembre 2006
  5. [2]
  6. Paul Hofmann (1990-06-24). "Staying on the Safe Side; Geneva". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  7. Finn-Olaf Jones (2007-09-16). "36 Hours in Geneva". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  8. "The Global Financial Centres 5".  Unknown parameter |éditeur= ignored (help)
  9. Mark Yeandle, Jeremy Horne, Nick Danev (September 2008). "The Global Financial Centres Index 4" (PDF). Z/Yen Group. City of London. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  10. Mercer's 2009 Quality of Living survey highlights [3]. Last updated 28 April 2009.
  11. "MySwitzerland.com". MySwitzerland.com. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  12. "Cost of Living survey 2010 - City rankings". Mercer.com. 2010-06-29. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  13. "Districts of Geneva". Official website of Geneva. Archived from the original on January 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-09. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Offeecial

Template:Municipalities o the Canton o Geneva

Template:Cantonal caipitals o Swisserland Template:Ceeties in Swisserland