Location o Somalie (Green)
|Offeecial leid||Somali, Arabic|
Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -
President Sharif Ahmed
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
|Foondin||1 Julie 1960|
|Naitional anthem||Soomaaliyeey Toosoow
Somalia, Wake Up
Somalie (pronounced /soʊˈmɑːliə/ soh-MAH-lee-ə; Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال aṣ-Ṣūmāl), offeecially the Republic o Somalie (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, Arabic: جمهورية الصومال Jumhūriyyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl) an formerly kent as the Somali Democratic Republic unner communist rule, is a kintra locatit in the Horn o Africae. It is bordered bi Djibouti tae the northwast, Kenyae tae the soothwast, the Gulf o Aden wi Yemen tae the north, the Indien Ocean tae the aest, an Ethiopie tae the wast. Wi the longest coastline on the continent, its terrain consists mainly o plateaus, plains an highlands.
In antiquity, Somalie wis an important center for commerce wi the rest o the auncient warld. Its sailors an merchants war the main suppliers of frankincense, myrrh an spices, items which war considered valuable luxuries bi the Ancient Egyptians, Phoenicians, Mycenaeans an Babylonians wi whom the Somali fowk traded. The auncient Puntites were a nation o fowk that had close relations wi Pharaonic Egyp durin the times o Pharaoh Sahure an Queen Hatshepsut. The pyramidal structures, temples an auncient hooses o dressed stone littered aroond the kintra are said tae date frae this period. Durin the Middle Ages, several pouerful Somali empires dominatit the regional trade, includin the Ajuuraan State, the Sultanate o Adal, the Warsangali Sultanate an the Gobroon Dynasty.
Somalie wis never formally colonized. Muhammad Abdullah Hassan's Dervish State successfully repulsed the Breetish Empire fower times an forced it tae retreat tae the coastal region. Due tae these successful expeditions, the Dervish State wis recognized as an ally bi the Ottoman an German Empires. The Turks also named Hassan Emir o the Somali naition, an the Germans promised tae offeecially recognize any territories the Dervishes wur tae acquire. Efter a quarter o a century o holdin the Breetish at bay, the Dervishes were finally defeated in 1920 as a direct consequence o Breetain's new policy o aerial bombardment. As a result o this bombardment, umwhile Dervish territories war turned intae a protectorate o Breetain. Italy faced similar opposition frae Somali Sultans an armies, an did nae acquire full control o pairts o modern Somalie til the Fascist era in late 1927. This occupation lasted til 1941, an wis replaced bi a Breetish militar admeenistration. Northren Somalie would remain a protectorate, while soothren Somalie became a trusteeship. The Union o the twa regions in 1960 formed the Somali Republic. A civilian govrenment wis formed, an on 20 Julie 1961, through a popular referendum, a new constitution that haed first been drafted the year afore wis ratified.