Phoenicie

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Φοινίκη
Phoenicia

1200 BC–539 BC
 

Cairt o Phoenicia an trade routes
Caipital
  • Byblos (1200 BC–1000 BC)
  • Tyre (1000 BC–333 BC)
Leid(s) Phoenician, Punic
Releegion Canaanite releegion
Government Kingship (Ceety-states)
Well-known keengs o Phoenician ceeties
 − c. 1000 BC Ahiram
 − 969 BC – 936 BC Hiram I
 − 820 BC – 774 BC Pygmalion o Tyre
Historical era Classical antiquity
 - Established 1200 BC
 - Tyre, unner the reign o Hiram I, acomes the dominant ceety-state 969 BC
 - Pygmalion foonds Carthage (legendary) 814 BC
 - Cyrus the Great conquers Phoenicie 539 BC
Population
 − 1200 BC[1] est. 200,000 
The day pairt o

Phoenicie (UK /fɨˈnɪʃə/ or US /fəˈnʃə/;[2] frae the Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē; Arabic: فينيقية‎, Finiqyah) wis an auncient Semitic ceevilization situatit on the wastren, coastal pairt o the Fertile Crescent an centered on the coastline o modren Lebanon an Tartus Governorate in Sirie. Aw major Phoenician ceeties wur on the coastline o the Mediterranean, some colonies reachin the Wastren Mediterranean. It wis an enterprisin maritime tradin cultur that spread athort the Mediterranean frae 1550 BC tae 300 BC. The Phoenicians uised the galley, a man-pouered sailin vessel, an are creditit wi the invention o the bireme.[3] Thay wur famed in Classical Greece an Roum as 'traders in purpie', referrin tae thair monopoly on the precious purpie dye o the Murex snail, uised, amang ither things, for ryal clothin, an for thair spread o the alphabet (or abjad), frae which almaist aw modren phonetic alphabets are derived.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Phoenicia". The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2001. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  2. Oxford English Dictionary
  3. Casson, Lionel (December 1, 1995). Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-0-8018-5130-8.