Riga

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Riga
Rīga
Ceety
A view frae St. Peter's Kirk in Riga Auld Toun.
A view frae St. Peter's Kirk in Riga Auld Toun.

Flag

Seal
Riga is located in Latvia
Riga
Riga
Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E / 56.94889°N 24.10639°E / 56.94889; 24.10639
Kintra  Latvie
Government[1]
 • Type Ceety cooncil
 • Mayor Nils Ušakovs
Area(2002) [2]
 • Ceety 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi)
 • Water 48.50 km2 (18.73 sq mi)  15.8%
 • Metro 10,132 km2 (3,912 sq mi)
Population (2010[3]
 • Ceety 706,413
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,098,523 (Riga Region)
 • Metro density 108.3/km2 (280/sq mi)
 • Demonym Rīdzinieki
Ethnicity(2010) [4]
 • Latvies 42.5 %
 • Roushies 40.7 %
 • Belaroushies 4.0 %
 • Ukrainians 3.9 %
 • Poles 2.0 %
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Cawin codes 66 & 67
Website www.riga.lv

Riga (Latvie: Rīga, pronounced [riːɡa] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Latvie, a major industrial, commercial, cultural an financial centre o the Baltics, an an important seaport, situatit on the mouth o the Daugava. Wi 706,413 inhabitants (2010), it is the lairgest ceety o the Baltic states an third-lairgest in the Baltic region, ahint Saunt Petersburg an Stockholm (coontin residents athin the ceety limits). Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) an lies atween 1 an 10 metres (3.3 an 33 ft) abuin sea level, on a flat an sandy plain.

Riga's historical centre haes been declared a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid, an the ceety is pairticularly notable for its extensive Jugendstil (German Art Nouveau) airchitecture, which UNESCO considers tae be unparalleled onywhere in the warld.[5]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane theory for the oreegin o the name Riga is that it is a corruptit borraein frae the Liv ringa meanin luip, referrin tae the auncient natural harbour formed bi the tributary luip o the Daugava.[6][7] The ither is that Riga awes its name tae this awready-established role in commerce atween East an Wast,[8] as a borraein o the Latvian rija, for threshin barn, the "j" becomin a "g" in German—notably, Riga is cried Rie bi Inglis geographer Richard Hakluyt (1589),[9][10] an German historian Dionysius Fabricius (1610) confirms the oreegin o Riga frae rija.[9][11] Anither theory coud be that Riga wis named efter Riege, the German name for the River Rīdzene, a tributary o the Daugava.[12]

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sports clubs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sports facilities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sports events[eedit | eedit soorce]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]


Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Riga maintains sister ceety relationships wi the follaein ceeties:[13]

Denmark Aalborg, Denmark[14] Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands Kazakhstan Astana, Kazakhstan
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Beijing, Cheenae[15] Fraunce Bordeaux, Fraunce Germany Bremen, Germany Australie Cairns, Australie
Fraunce Calais, Fraunce Unitit States Dallas, Texas, Unitit States Italy Florence, Italy Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
Japan Kobe, Japan [16] Belaroushie Minsk, Belaroushie Roushie Moscow, Roushie Swaden Norrköping, Swaden
Finland Pori, Finland Unitit States Providence, Rhode Island, Unitit States[17] Germany Rostock, Germany Roushie Saunt Petersburg, Roushie:[18]
Chile Santiago, Chile Unitit Kinrick Slough, Unitit Kinrick[19] Swaden Stockholm, Swaden Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Suzhou, Cheenae
Republic o Cheenae Taipei, Taiwan[20] Estonie Tallinn, Estonie Uzbekistan Tashkent, Uzbekistan Estonie Tartu, Estonie
Georgie (kintra) Tbilisi, Georgie Lithuanie Vilnius, Lithuanie Poland Warsaw, Poland [21]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Riga City Council". Riga City Council. Retrieved 22 July 2009. 
  2. "Riga in Figures". Riga Ceety Cooncil. Retrieved 2 August 2007. 
  3. "Table IE52:Resident Population by Region, City and District at the beginning of the year". csb.gov.lv. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. 
  4. "Resident Population by Ethnicity and by Region, Cityr and District at the Bebinning of the Year". csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 22 July 2010. [deid airtin]
  5. "World Heritage List — Riga (Latvia); No. 852" (PDF). unesco.org. pp. 3 (67). Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  6. "Teritorija un administratīvās robežas vēsturiskā skatījumā" (in Latvian). Cities Environmental Reports on the Internet. Retrieved 2 August 2007. 
  7. Endzelīns, Did Celts Inhabit the Baltics (1911 Dzimtene's Vēstnesis (Homeland Messenger) No. 227). Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  8. Vauchez et al. Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. Routledge, 2001
  9. 9.0 9.1 Bilmanis, A. Latvia as an Independent State. Latvian Legation. 1947.
  10. Pronouncing the "i" and "e" separately, REE-eh, is the best approximation tae the Latvian rija, as "Ria" wad result in an "i" no "ee" soond.
  11. Fabrius, D. Livonicae Historiae Compendiosa Series, 1610: Riga nomen sortita est suum ab aedificiis vel horreis quorum a litus Dunae magna fuit copia, quas livones sua lingua Rias vocare soliti. (Laitin)
  12. Rīdziņa
  13. "Twin cities of Riga". Riga City Council. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  14. "Aalborg Kommune - Venskabsbyer". Web.archive.org. 2007-11-14. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  15. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  16. "Sister City, Friendly City, Friendship & Cooperation City" (in Japanese). © 2007-2009 City of Kobe. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  17. "Mayor Announces Sister City — Meeting (7/30/2003)". Providence, RI, Office of the Mayor. Retrieved 2007-01-17. 
  18. "Saint Petersburg in figures - International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  19. "British Latvian Trade – the magazine of the British Chamber of Commerce in Latvia" (PDF). pp. 10, col. 2. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  20. Sister city list (.DOC)
  21. (Pols) "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]