Norrköping

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Norrköping
Ceety haw o Norrköping
Nickname(s): Peking, Little Manchester
Norrköping is located in Sweden
Norrköping
Norrköping
Coordinates: 58°36′N 16°12′E / 58.600°N 16.200°E / 58.600; 16.200
Kintra Swaden
Province Östergötland
Coonty Östergötland Coonty
Municipality Norrköping Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 35.68 km2 (13.78 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 87,247
 • Density 2,446/km2 (6,340/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website norrkoping.se

Norrköping [ˈnɔrːˈɕøːpɪŋ] is a ceety in the province o Östergötland in eastren Sweden an the seat o Norrköping Municipality, Östergötland Coonty. The ceety haes a population o 87,247 inhabitants in 2010,[1] out of a municipal total of 130,050,[2] makin it Swaden's tent lairgest ceety an aicht lairgest municipality.

The ceety is situated bi the mooth o the river Motala ström, at Bråviken, an inlet o the Baltic Sea. Water pouer frae the Motala ström an the guid harbour wur factors that facilitatit the rapid growth o this ance industrial ceety, kent for its textile industry. It haes several nicknames such as: "Swaden's Manchester", "Peking" an "Surbullestan" (Surbulle [sour bun] wis a local nickname for the textile workers, an stan is short for Staden, which means The Ceety or The Toun in Swadish)

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes medieval foondations bi settlers aroond the Norrköping twin ceety wi Linköping Motala stream estuary, who uised the faws an rapids tae pouer their mills. The stream wis an aa full o fish such as salmon. Exact dates are uncertain, but there are mentions o a Kirk in the 12t century. It wis dedicatit tae Saunt Olaf, Norawa's patron.

The first trace o the ceety's name is frae 1283, when walthy David Appelgren, Laird o Östergötland donatit his rights of salmon fishing to the Skänninge monastery. The toun is estimatit tae have received ceety status in the early 14t century, although nae written documents exist prior tae a document frae 1384. This document, signed bi Albrekt o Swaden is stored in the ceety archive the day. Köping means there wis a mercat there.

The ceety wis the location o several battles in the ensuin centuries. As a consequence, nothing o the medieval Norrköping remains the day. Durin the Northren Seiven Years' War (1563–1570), the entire soothren pairt o Norrköping wis burnt. It wis rebuilt bi John III o Swaden, who designed the current street pattern.

In 1618, a weapon industry wis established bi superveesion o Gustavus Adolphus. The harbour an aa attractit ships due tae its proximity tae the industries o Finspång. In addition tae the weapon industry, a lairge scale industry o textile wis an aa initiatit. An important benefactor wis the industrial man Louis De Geer (1587-1652). At De Geer's daith, Norrköping haed 6,000 inhabitants an wis Sweden's seicont lairgest ceety.

The ceety again burnt in 1655, an again in 1719 durin the Great Northren War when the Roushies burnt it tae the grund. Stanes frae the Johannisborg castle wur uised tae build new hooses, an the day anerlie a few stanes remain.

Durin the 18t century it wis rebuilt an several industries suin got a stranghauld: In the 1740s, Norrköping boostit three sugar refineries; in the 1750s the lairge scale influential snus industry wis established. Frae this time stems the ceety kirks o Saunt Olof an Saunt Hedvig, an several ither auld hooses.

Norrköping's importance again flourished. In 1769 the Swadish Riksdag assembled there. In 1800 the keeng Gustav IV o Swaden wis crouned in the Kirk o Saunt Olof.

The ceety again suffered fires in 1822 an 1826. Thereefter wooden hooses wur banned. In 1841 a ship industry wis initiatit as a branch o Motala Verkstad in Motala. In 1850 the industry haed ower 600 employees makin it Swaden's lairgest ship industry at the time. Durin the remainin 19t century, the industries kept expandin. The aurie bi the Motala Stream wis developed further wi the construction o a cotton refinery, an a paper mill wis constructit in 1854, specializin in newspaper, an is still the day exportin tae customers aroond the warld.

The industry, includin textile manufacturers, an aa expandit intae the 20t century. In 1950 a total o 54 factories haed 6,600 employees in toun. Bi 1956, housomeivver, 18 o them haed been closed due tae competition frae kintras abroad wi lawer wages, such as Italy an Japan. In 1970 anerlie 10 factories an 1,200 employees remained. In that year, the renouned Holmen paper mill, wi its 350 years lang history, annoonced is closur, an anither 900 fowk wur let go. Tae coonter the effects, several govrenmental authorities wur relocatit tae Norrköping frae Stockholm. See an aa Braviken Paper Mill.

As o 2002, Norrköping is nou seein a revival, as a center o cultur an education. The Norrköping seembol represents the "new" Norrköping.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Drottninggatan (Queen's Street) in Norrköping

The Motala ström river flows through the ceety haes a parade annexed. In connection tae the latter is the industrial landscape whaur the auld textile industries ance whaur situatit.[3]

In the simmer, there is a cactus plantation in Carl Johans Park. 25,000 cactuses are plantit there ivery simmer.[4]

Kolmårdens Djurpark is a zoo locatit 30 km north o Norrköping. In connection tae the lairge ootdoor zoo, there is an aa Tropicariet, an aquarium, whaur for example snakes, crocodiles an sharks can be seen.[5]

The airchipelagos 50 km away frae Norrköping are cried St Anna an Gryt.[6]

A campus o Linköping University, its awn symphonic orchestra, an airport cried Kungsängen wi 170,000 travelin (2006), a heich-tech industry pairk cried Norrköping Science Park,[7] an Petroglyphs frae the Nordic Bronze Age.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Murkrona.svg Norrköping is ane o 133 places wi the historical ceety status in Swaden.