Tartu

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Tartu
Ceety
Owerleukin Toun Haw Square frae Toome Hill.

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Heade mõtete linn (ceety o guid thochts)
Tartu is located in Estonia
Tartu
Tartu
Location in Estonie
Coordinates: 58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717
Kintra Banner o Estonie Estonie
Coonty Tartumaa lipp.svg Tartu Coonty
First settled 5t century AD
First mentioned 1030
Ceety richts afore 1262
Named for Taara or tarvas (Aurochs)
Government
 • Mayor Urmas Kruuse (Reform Pairty)
Area
 • Total 38.86 km2 (15 sq mi)
 • Land 37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi)
 • Water 1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)  3.39%
Elevation 57.2 m (188 ft)
Highest elevation 79 m (259 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 103,284
 • Density 2,538/km2 (6,573.4/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonies 80%
 • Roushies 15%
 • ither 5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://tartu.ee/

Tartu is the seicont lairgest ceety o Estonie. In contrast tae Estonie's poleetical an financial caipital Tallinn, Tartu is aften considert the intellectual an cultural hub, especially syne it is hame tae Estonie's auldest an maist renouned varsity. Situatit 186 km sootheast o Tallinn, the ceety is the centre o soothren Estonie. The Emajõgi river, that connects the twa lairgest lochs o Estonie, crosses Tartu. The ceety is served bi Tartu Airport.

Historical names[eedit | eedit soorce]

As Tartu haes been unner the guidal o various rulers ootthrou its history, thare are various names for the ceety in unalike leids. Maist o thaim derive frae the earliest attestit form, the Estonie Tarbatu. In German, Swadish an Polish the toun haes been, an whiles still is, kent as Aboot this soond Dorpat , a variant o Tarbatu. In Roushie, the ceety haes been kent as Юрьев (Yuryev) efter Yaroslav I the Wise an Дерпт (Derpt), a variant o Dorpat (housomeivver, syne 1917 the Estonie name Tartu is uised). Similarly, the ceety haes been kent as Tērbata in Latvian.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tartu is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Population_by_sex.2C_age_group_and_county.2C_1_January
  2. "Frederiksberg Municipality – Twin Towns" (in Dens). ©2007 -2009 Frederiksberg Municipality. Archived from the original on 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2009-09-09.