Managua

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Managua
Santiago de Managua

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Nickname(s): Novia del Xolotlán


(Inglis: The Bride of Xolotlán)[1]
Managua is located in Nicaragua
Managua
Managua
Coordinates: 12°8′11″N 86°15′5″W / 12.13639°N 86.25139°W / 12.13639; -86.25139Coordinates: 12°8′11″N 86°15′5″W / 12.13639°N 86.25139°W / 12.13639; -86.25139
Kintra  Nicaragua
Depairtment Managua
Municipality Managua
Foondit 1819
Seat o the Govrenment 1852
Caipital o the Naition 1852[2]
Government
 • Mayor Daisy Torres
 • Vice Mayor Reina J. Ruedas
Area
 • City 544 km2 (210 sq mi)
 • Urban 173.7 km2 (67.1 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • City 927,087
 • Density 1,704/km2 (4,410/sq mi)
 • Metro 2,408,000
 • Metro density 2,000/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
 • Gentilic Managüense; Capitalino/a
Website http://www.managua.gob.ni/

Managua (Spainyie pronunciation: [maˈnaɣwa]) is the caipital ceety o Nicaragua as well as the depairtment an municipality bi the same name. It is the lairgest ceety in Nicaragua in terms o population an geographic size. Locatit on the soothwastren shore o Lake Managua, the ceety wis declared the naitional caipital in 1852.[2] Prior tae its inception as the caipital ceety, the title haed alternatit atween the ceeties o León an Granada. The ceety haes a population o 927,087, composed predominantly o mestizos an whites. Managua is the third maist populous ceety in Central Americae efter Guatemala Ceety an Tegucigalpa.

Foondit in 1819, the ceety wis given the name: Leal Villa de Santiago de Managua. Its oreeginal purpose wis tae serve as a rural fishin veelage.[3] Efforts tae make Managua the caipital o Nicaragua began in 1824, efter the Central American naitions formally attained their unthirldom frae Spain. Managua's location atween the rival ceeties o León an Granada made it a logical an ideal compromise site. Modren Day Managua wis built in the 1850s on the site o an indigenous community. The ceety occupies an aurie on a fault. Seismologists predict that Managua will continue tae experience a severe earthquake ivery 50 years or less.[4] The ceety's economy is based mainly on trade. Managua is Nicaragua's chief tradin center for coffee, cotton, an other crops. It serves as an important industrial, commercial, poleetical an cultural center. Its chief products include beer, coffee, matches, textiles an shoes.[4]

The ceety haes been witness tae the rise an fall o poleetical pouers throughoot Nicaragua's history an haes suffered devastatin earthquakes in 1931 an 1972, wi the latter haein lastin effects on the ceety's development. In 2007, efter a successful literacy campaign, Managua wis declared bi the Mayor o Managua an the Sandinista pairty newspaper tae be the first caipital ceety in Central Americae tae be rid o illiteracy.[5] Syne the 1972 earthquake, residential an business auries hae developed on the ootskirts o Managua. Ither construction projects includit schools, hospitals, an shopping centers. Such structures wur specially constructit tae athstaund severe earthquakes. The Nicaraguan caipital is kent as the Venice o Central Americae acause o its escalatin uise o makeshift canals that can be foond throughoot the ceety.[6] Managua an aa hooses the anerlie eternal flame in Central Americae an ane oot o the five in Laitin Americae.

Residents o the ceety an o the depairtment o Managua are cawed Managüenses.'

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Managua oreeginates frae the term Mana-ahuac, which in the indigenous Nahuatl leid translates tae "adjacent tae the water" or site "surroondit bi water".[2] The ceety staunds the day on an aurie inhabitit bi varyin culturs o Indigenous fowks for thoosans o years afore the Spainyie conquest o Central Americae in the 16t century.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Managua is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Managua en el Tiempo: La "Novia del Xolotlán"". La Prensa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-06-21. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Guía Turística: Managua". La Prensa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  3. "Managua". Metro-Nica. Archived from the original on June 24, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Euraque, Dario A. "Managua." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2009. Web. 16 Nov. 2009.
  5. Peña, Mariana. "Managua está libre de analfabetismo". La Voz del Sandinismo. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  6. http://chele.wordpress.com/2008/06/08/managua-the-venice-of-central-america
  7. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid.