Quito

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Quito
Caipital ceety o Ecuador
San Francisco de Quito

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Nickname(s): Luz de América (Licht o Americae), Carita de Dios (God's Face), Ciudad de los Cielos (Ceety o the heavens)
Quito is located in Ecuador
Quito
Quito
Location o Quito athin Ecuador
Coordinates: 00°15′00″S 78°35′00″W / 0.25000°S 78.58333°W / -0.25000; -78.58333
Kintra Ecuador
Province Pichincha
Canton Quito
Foondation 6 December 1534
Founded by Sebastián de Benalcázar
Named for Quitu
Urban parishes
Government
 • Type Mayor an cooncil
 • Govrenin body Municipality o Quito
 • Mayor Augusto Barrera
 • Ceety cooncil
Areaapprox.
 • Caipital ceety o Ecuador 324 km2 (125 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,204 km2 (1,623 sq mi)
Elevation 2,850 m (9,350 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Caipital ceety o Ecuador 2,697,698
 • Density 8,300/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 3,342,201
 • Metro density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Demonym Quiteño(-a)
Time zone ECT (UTC-5)
Postal code EC1701 (new format), P01 (old format)
Area code(s) (0)2
Website http://www.quito.gov.ec

San Francisco de Quito, maist aften cried Quito (Spainyie pronunciation: [ˈkito]), is the caipital ceety o Ecuador in northwastren Sooth Americae. It is locatit in north-central Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin, on the eastren slopes o Pichincha, an active stratovolcano in the Andes muntains. Wi a population o 1,397,698 accordin tae the last census (2001), an, as estimatit bi the municipality, approximately 1,504,991 in 2005, Quito is the seicont maist populous ceety in Ecuador, efter Guayaquil. It is an aa the caipital o the Pichincha province an the seat o Metropolitan Destrict o Quito. The canton recordit a population o 1,842,201 residents in the 2001 naitional census. In 2008 the ceety wis designatit as the heidquarters o the Union o Sooth American Naitions.

The elevation o the ceety's central square (Plaza de La Independencia or Plaza Grande) is 2,800 m (aboot 9,186 ft), makin Quito the seicont-heichest administrative caipital ceety in the warld (efter La Paz, Bolivie), an the heichest legal caipital (ahead o Sucre, an aa in Bolivie, an Bogotá, Colombie).

The central square o Quito is locatit aboot 25 km (15 miles) sooth o the equator; the ceety itsel extends tae athin aboot 1 km (0.6 miles) o zero latitude. A monument an museum markin the general location o the equator is kent locally as la mitad del mundo (the middle o the warld), tae avoid confusion, as the wird ecuador is Spainyie for equator.

Quito, alang wi Krakow, wur the first Warld Cultural Heritage Steids declared bi UNESCO in 1978.

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Quito is twinned wi: