Caracas

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Caracas
Ceety
Santiago de León de Caracas
Top left: UCV Baseball Stadium; top richt: Offices in Parque Cristal; middle: Plaza Venezuela Fountain; bottom left: Los Próceres Monument; bottom richt: Libertador Avenue.

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): La Odalisca del Ávila (The Avila's Odalisque)
La Sucursal del Cielo (Heaven's Branch on Earth)
"La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera"(The Ceety o Eternal Spring)
Motto: Ave María Purísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural
Caracas is located in Venezuela
Caracas
Caracas
Coordinates: 10°30′N 66°55′W / 10.500°N 66.917°W / 10.500; -66.917
Kintra Venezuela Venezuela
State Caipital Destrict
Foondit 25 Julie 1567
Founded by Diego de Losada
Metropolitan Municipalities: Libertador, Chacao, Baruta, Sucre, El Hatillo
Government
 • Type Mayor-cooncil
 • Body Govrenment o the Caipital Destrict / Mayorship o the Metropolitan Destrict
 • Chief o Govrenment / Mayor Jacqueline Faría / Antonio Ledezma
Area
 • Ceety 433 km2 (167 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,930 km2 (750 sq mi)
Elevation 900 m (3,000 ft)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Ceety 5.905.463 Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Municipio Libertador)
 • Density 1,431.5/km2 (3,708/sq mi)
 • Metro 6,474,367 Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Municipio Libertador)
Demonym caraqueño (m), caraqueña (f)
Time zone VST (UTC– 04:30)
 • Summer (DST) no observit (UTC– 04:30)
Postal codit 1010-A
Aurie code 212
ISO 3166 code VE-A
Website Caipital Destrict Metropolitan Destrict
The aurie an population figurs are the sum o the figurs o the five municipalities (leetit abuin) that mak up the Distrito Metropolitano.

Caracas (Spainyie pronunciation: [kaˈɾakas]), offeecially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Venezuela. It is locatit in the northren pairt o the kintra, follaein the contours o the narrae Caracas Glen on the Venezuelan coastal muntain range (Cordillera de la Costa). The glen's temperaturs ar warelike. Terrain suitable for biggin lees atween 760 an 910 m (2,493.44 an 2,985.56 ft) abuin sea level. The glen is close tae the Caribbean Sea, separatit frae the coast bi a steep 2200 m (7400 ft) hie muntain range, Cerro Ávila; tae the sooth there ar mair hills an muntains.

El Distrito Metropolitano de Caracas (Metropolitan Destrict o Caracas) includes the Distrito Capital (the caipital ceety proper) an fower ither municipalities in Miranda State includin Chacao, Baruta, Sucre, an El Hatillo. The Distrito Capital haed a population o 2,097,350 as o 2009, while that o Distrito Metropolitano wis estimatit at 3,196,514 (as o 2008).

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the time o the foondin o the ceety, mair than fower hunder years ago, the glen o Caracas wis populatit bi indigenous fowks. Francisco Fajardo, the son o a Spainyie caiptain an a Guaiqueri cacica, attemptit tae establish a plantation in the glen in 1562 efter foondin a series o coastal touns. Fajardo's dounset did no last lang. It wis destroyed bi natives o the region led bi Terepaima an Guaicaipuro. This wis the last rebellion on the pairt o the natives. On 25 Julie 1567, Caiptain Diego de Losada laid the foondations o the ceety o Santiago de León de Caracas. The foondation −1567 – “A tak possession o this laund in the name o God an the Keeng” These wur the wirds o Don Diego de Losada in foondin the ceety o Caracas on 25 Julie 1567. In 1577 Caracas became the caipital o the Spainyie Empire's Venezuela Province unner Govrenor Juan de Pimentel (1576–1583).

Durin the 17t century, the coast o Venezuela wis frequently raidit bi pirates. Wi the coastal muntains as a barrier, Caracas wis relatively immune tae such attacks – ane o the raisons it became the principal ceety o the region. Housomeivver, in the 1680s, buccaneers crossed the muntains throu a little-uised pass while the toun's defenders wur guardin the mair aften-uised ane, an encoonterin little resistance, sackit an set fire tae the toun.[2]

As the cocoa cultivation unner the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas grew in importance, the ceety expandit. In 1777, Caracas became the caipital o the Caiptaincy General o Venezuela.

José María España an Manuel Gual led an attemptit revolution aimit at unthirdom, but the rebellion wis put doun on 13 Julie 1797. Caracas wis ultimately the steid o the signin o a Declaration o Unthirldom on 5 Julie 1811. In 1812, a yirdquauk destroyed Caracas. The revolutionar war continued till 24 Juin 1821, when Bolívar defeatit ryalists in the Battle o Carabobo.[3]

Caracas grew in economic importance durin Venezuela's ile boom in the early 20t century. Durin the 1950s, Caracas began an intensive modrenization program which continued throuoot the 1960s an early 1970s. The Universidad Central de Venezuela, designed bi modrenist airchitect Carlos Raúl Villanueva an declared Warld Heritage Steid bi UNESCO, wis built. New wirkin an middle-class residential destricts sproutit in the glen, extendin the urban aurie towards the east an sootheast. Joinin El Silencio, designed bi Villanueva an aw, wur several wirkers' hoosin destricts, 23 de Enero an Simon Rodriguez. Middle class developments include Bello Monte, Los Palos Grandes, Chuao, an El Cafetal. The dramatic chynge in the economic structur o the kintra, which went frae bein primarily agricultural tae dependent on ile production, stimulatit the fast development o Caracas, an made it a magnet for fowk in landwart commonties who migratit tae the caipital ceety in an unplanned fashion searchin for greater economic opportunity. This migration created the rancho (slum) belt o the glen o Caracas.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Caracas is twinned wi:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named INE1
  2. John Lombardi, Venezuela, Oxford, England, 1982, p 72.
  3. Maurice Wiesenthal, The History and Geography of a Valley, 1981.
  4. "Sister Cities of Istanbul". Retrieved 1 July 2009. 
  5. Erdem, Selim Efe (1 July 2009). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 22 July 2009. "49 sister cities in 2003" 
  6. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Retrieved 22 July 2009. 
  7. "Twin towns and Sister cities of Minsk [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Russian). The department of protocol and international relations of Minsk City Executive Committee. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-21.