Asunción

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Asunción
Asunción
Clockwise frae top: skyline o the ceety frae the Paraguay River, Citibank Tower, the Cabildo o Asunción, the Naitional Pantheon o the Heroes, Palacio de los López, Hotel Guaraní

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Seal
Nickname(s): Mither o Ceeties
Asunción is located in Paraguay
Asunción
Asunción
Location in Paraguay
Coordinates: 25°16′55.91″S 57°38′6.36″W / 25.2821972°S 57.6351000°W / -25.2821972; -57.6351000
Kintra  Paraguay
autonomous caipital destrict Gran Asunción
Foondit 15 August 1537
Government
 • Intendant Arnaldo Samaniego
Area
 • City 117 km2 (45.2 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,000 km2 (400 sq mi)
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2009[1])
 • City 542,023
 • Density 4,411/km2 (11,420/sq mi)
 • Metro 2,329,061
Demonym Asunceno (m), Asuncena (f)
Area code(s) +595 21
HDI (2008) 0.837 – high
Website http://www.mca.gov.py

Asunción is the caipital an lairgest ceety in Paraguay. The Spainyie wird asunción means assumption in Inglis. It refers tae the Assumption o Mary; the full name means The Vera Noble an Loyal Ceety o Oor Lady Saunt Mary o the Assumption (Spainyie:La Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción).

The "Ciudad de Asunción" is an autonomous caipital district no pairt o ony depairtment. The metropolitan aurie, cawed Gran Asunción, includes the ceeties o San Lorenzo, Fernando de la Mora, Lambaré, Luque, Mariano Roque Alonso, Ñemby, San Antonio, Limpio, Capiatá an Villa Elisa, which are pairt o the Central Depairtment. The Asunción metropolitan aurie haes mair than 1.8 million inhabitants. The Municipality o Asunción is leetit on the Asunción Stock Exchynge, as BVPASA: MUA, a unique feature o ony ceety.

It is the hame o the naitional government, principal port, an the chief industrial an cultural centre o the kintra. Local manufacturin production includes fuitwear, textiles, an tobacco products.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Asunción is ane o the auldest ceeties in Sooth Americae an the langest continually inhabitit aurie in the River Plate Basin; for this raison that it is kent as "Mither o Ceeties". It wis frae here that the colonial expeditions departit tae foond ither ceeties, includin the seicont foondation o Buenos Aires an o ither important ceeties such as Villarrica, Corrientes, Santa Fe an Santa Cruz de la Sierra.

The site o the ceety mey hae been first visitit bi Spainyie conqueror Juan de Ayolas, on his way north, up the Paraguay River, leukin for a passage tae the mines o Alto Perú (present-day Bolivie). Later, Juan de Salazar y Espinosa an Gonzalo de Mendoza, relative o Pedro de Mendoza, wur sent in search o Ayolas, but wur unable tae find him. On his way up an then doun the river, de Salazar stopped briefly at a bay in the left bank tae resupply his ships. He foond the natives friendly, an decidit tae foond a fort there, in August, 1537. As customary, he named it accordin tae the releegious feast o that day: for August 15, Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (Oor Lady o the Assumption), honorin the feast day o the Assumption. This fort became a ceety wi the establishment o the Cabildo (civilian administration) on 16 September 1541.

In 1541, natives destroyed Buenos Aires, an the Spaniards fled tae Asunción. Thus, the ceety became the center o a lairge Spainyie colonial province comprisin pairt o Brazil, present-day Paraguay an northeastren Argentinae: the Giant Province o the Indies. In 1603 Asunción wis the seat o the First Synod o Asunción, which set guidelines for the evangelization o the natives in their lingua franca, Guaraní.

Asunción. The stamp is Scott no. 711

In 1731, an uprisin unner José de Antequera y Castro wis ane o the first rebellions against Spainyie colonial rule. The uprisin failed, but it wis the first sign o the independent spirit that wis growin amang the criollos, mestizos an natives o Paraguay. The event influenced the independence o Paraguay, which then materialised in 1811. The secret reunions atween the independence leaders tae plan an ambush against the Spainyie Governor in Paraguay Bernardo de Velasco wur held at the hame o Juana María de Lara, in dountoun Asunción. On the nicht o Mey 14 an Mey 15 the rebels succeedit an wur able tae force governor Velasco tae surrender. Today, Lara's hame is kent as Casa de la Independencia (Hoose o the Independence) an serves as a museum an historical building.

Efter Paraguay became independent, there wis significant chynge in Asunción. Unner the presidency o Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia roads wur built throughoot the ceety an the streets wur named. Housomeivver, it wis durin the presidency o Carlos Antonio López that Asunción (an Paraguay) progressed, as the new preses implementit new economic policies. Mair than 400 schools, metallurgic factories an the first railroad service in Sooth Americae wur built durin the López presidency. Efter López dee'd, his son Francisco Solano López became the new preses an led the kintra through the disastrous War o the Triple Alliance that lastit for five years. Efter the War o the Triple Alliance (1865–70), Asunción wis occupied bi Brazilian troops till 1876.

Mony historians hae claimed that this war provoked a steady dounfaw o the ceety an kintra, since it massacred twa thirds o the kintra's population. Progress slowed doun greatly efterwards, an the economy remained stagnatit.

Efter the War o the Triple Alliance, Asunción began a slow recovery attempt. Towards the end o the 19t hunderyear an durin the early years o the 20t hunderyear, a flow o immigrants frae Europe an the Ottoman Empire came tae the ceety. This led tae a chynge in the appearance o the ceety as mony new biggins wur built an Asunción went throu a era mair prosperous than ony since the war.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population is approximately 520,000 fowk in the ceety proper. Roughly 30% o Paraguay's 6 million fowk live athin Greater Asunción. Saxtie-five percent o the total population in the ceety ar unner the age o 30.

The population haes increased greatly durin the last few decades as a consequence o internal migration frae ither Depairtments o Paraguay, at first acause o the economic boom in the 1970s, an later because o economic recession in the kintraside. The adjacent ceeties in the Gran Asunción aurie, such as Luque, Lambaré, San Lorenzo, Fernando de la Mora, Paraguay an Mariano Roque Alonso, hae absorbed maist o this influx due tae the law cost o the land an easy access tae Asunción. The ceety haes ranked as the least expensive ceety tae live in for five years runnin bi Mercer Human Resource Consultin.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Asunción is locatit atween the parallels 25º 15' an 25º 20' o sooth latitude an atween the meridians 57º 40' an 57º 30' o wast longitude. The ceety sits on the left bank o the Paraguay River, amaist at the confluence o this river wi the River Pilcomayo. The Paraguay River an the Bay o Asunción in the northwast separate the ceety frae the Occidental Region o Paraguay an Argentinae in the sooth pairt o the ceety. The rest o the ceety is surroondit bi the Central Depairtment.

Wi its location alang the Paraguay River, the ceety affers mony landscapes; it spreads oot ower gentle hills in a pattern o rectangular blocks. Places such as Cerro Lambaré, a hill locatit in Lambaré, affer a spectacular show in the waretime because o the blossomin lapacho trees in the aurie. Pairks such as Parque Independencia an Parque Carlos Antonio López affer lairge auries o typical Paraguayan vegetation an ar frequentit bi tourists. There ar several sma hills an slightly elevatit areas throughoot the ceety, includin Cabará, Clavel, Tarumá, Cachinga, an Tacumbú, amang ithers.

Destricts an neebourheids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Asunción is organisit geographically intae destricts an these in turn bring thegither the different neebourheids.

Neebourheids o Asunción
Neebourheid Population (2002) Neebourheid Population (2002) Neebourheid Population (2002)
1. Itá Enramada 4845 24. Seminario 5070 47. Pinoza 6621
2. Santa Ana 5775 25. Vista Alegre 12,611 48. Jara 13,554
3. Bañado Santa Ana 8374 26. Panambí Retá 2386 49. Banco San Miguel 953
4. Roberto L. Pettit 20,201 27. Panambí Verá 2591 50. Tablada Nueva 6573
5. Republicano 8429 28. San Pablo 21,787 51. Virgen del Huerto 4809
6. Pirizal 4022 29. Terminal 4305 52. Virgen de la Asunción 9983
7. San Vicente 15,412 30. Hipódromo 8348 53. Bella Vista 6657
8. Bañado Tacumbú 10,958 31. Nazareth 7133 54. Santo Domingo 2591
9. Obrero 19,823 32. Villa Aurelia 9871 55. Cañada del Ybaray 3166
10. Tacumbú 13,366 33. Los Laureles 3517 56. Las Lomas (Carmelitas) 5604
11. Sajonia 14,873 34. Mariscal Estigarribia 7711 57. Madame Lynch 8589
12. Itá Pytá Punta 4225 35. San Cristóbal 6618 58. Salvador del Mundo 3883
13. San Antonio 9544 36. Herrera 5149 59. Ñu Guazú 1342
14. Dr. Francia 10,925 37. Santa María 4591 60. Mbocayaty 6512
15. La Encarnación 4928 38. Ytay 3054 61. Mburucuyá 8377
16. Catedral 3676 39. San Jorge 4844 62. Trinidad 4515
17. General Díaz 6068 40. Ycuá Satí 6687 63. Virgen de Fátima 6064
18. Pettirossi 11380 41. Manorá 1898 64. San Rafael 10,732
19. San Roque 6355 42. Villa Morra 4114 65. Botánico 9982
20. Ricardo Brugada (Chacarita) 10,455 43. Recoleta 10,230 66. Zeballos Cué 18,553
21. San Felipe 5679 44. Tembetary 3515 67. Loma Pytá 6231
22. Las Mercedes 4827 45. Mburicaó 7691 68. San Blas 3651
23. Ciudad Nueva 8584 46. General Caballero 8128 69. Santa Rosa 3546
12a. Carlos A. López ? 70. Mariscal López 5025

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Asunción featurs a tropical savanna climate that borders on a humid subtropical climate. Asunción generally haes a relatively short dry saison that spans frae Juin tae September an a wet saison that covers the remainder o the year. The climate o Asunción can be described as hot an humid for maist o the year. Durin the wet saison, Asunción is generally hot an humid tho towards the end o this saison, it becomes noticeably ceuler. In contrast, Asunción's dry saison is pleasantly mild.

A rainy Mariscal Lopez Avenue
Climate data for Asunción, Paraguay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
28
(82)
25
(77)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
26
(79)
29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
28.2
(82.8)
Average laich °C (°F) 23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
16
(61)
14
(57)
14
(57)
14
(57)
16
(61)
18
(64)
20
(68)
22
(72)
18.2
(64.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 158
(6.22)
122
(4.8)
115
(4.53)
157
(6.18)
110
(4.33)
72
(2.83)
42
(1.65)
77
(3.03)
79
(3.11)
116
(4.57)
153
(6.02)
132
(5.2)
1,333
(52.48)
Source: The Weather Network[2]
Mariscal Lopez Avenue
Asunción at nicht

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

The leeteracy rate is 95 percent, the hichtest in Paraguay. The number o schools haes doubled since 1982. Student numbers hae doubled since 1962.

Schuils[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes a lairge nummer o baith public an private schuils. The best-kent public schools ar the Colegio Nacional de la Capital (which is ane o the auldest schools in the ceety, foondit efter the Triple Alliance War in 1877), Colegio Presidente Franco an Colegio Nacional Asunción Escalada. The best-kent private schools ar Colegio Inmaculado Corazón de María, Salesianito, Colegio Cristo Rey (a Jesuit private school), Colegio Internacional (an American missionary school), Colegio San José (Catholic school), Colegio Santa Teresa de Jesús (Catholic school) American School o Asunción, Colegio Dante Alighieri (Italian private school), Colegio Santa Clara (Franciscan School), Colegio Goethe (German school), Pan American International School (American-creditit an awardit bi the American Board o Accreditation), Colegio de la Asunción and Colegio Campoalto (Catholic schools)

Universities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Universidad Americana

The main universities in the ceety ar the Universidad Católica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (private Catholic university) an the Universidad Nacional de Asunción (state-run). The Católica haes a sma campus in the dountoun area next tae the Cathedral an a lairger campus in the Santa Ana neighborhood, ootwards toward the adjoinin ceety o Lambaré, while the Universidad Nacional haes its main campus in the ceety o San Lorenzo, some 5 km eastward frae Asunción. There ar an aa a number o smawer privately run universities such as Uninorte, Universidad Americana an Universidad Autónoma de Asunción, amang ithers.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Although the economically active population o Asunción haes no increased significantly in the last 10 years, it haes doubled since 1962.

The industrial distribution o the economically active population show that the tertiary (business an services) sector is the maist important, employin 8 oot o 10 o aw economically active fowk. The seicontary sector (manufacturin an construction) employs 16% o the active population, while the primary sector (farmin) is practically nan-existent, as Asunción is a completely urban district.

Citibank Touer

In terms o commerce, it shoud be notit that this sector haes grown considerably in recent years stretchin towards the suburbs where shoppin malls an supermercats hae been built.

Paraguay's anerlie stock exchynge, the BVPASA, is locatit here. The ceety itsel is leetit on it, as BVPASA: MUA.

In Julie 2008, Asunción wis foond tae be the "cheapest ceety in the warld" bi Mercer.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Acause the Paraguay River runs richt next tae Asunción the ceety is served bi a river terminal in the dountoun aurie. This port is strategically locatit inside a bay an it is whaur maist freight enters an leaves the kintra. There is a lesser terminal in the Sajonia neighbourhuid, an a shuttle port in Ita Enramada, amaist opposite the Argentine ceety o Clorinda.

Asunción's new buses

Public transportation is uised hivilie an is served through buses that reach aw the regions o the ceety an surroodin dormitory communities. The main lang-distance bus terminal is on the Avenida República Argentina an its bus services connect aw o the Depairtments o Paraguay, as well as internaitional routes tae nearbi kintras such as Argentinae, Brazil, Bolivie an Uruguay.

Asunción is served bi the Silvio Pettirossi Interniational Airport locatit in the ceety o Luque.

Air[eedit | eedit soorce]

Silvio Pettirossi International Airport' (IATA: ASUICAO: SGAS) is Paraguay's main naitional an internaitional gateway, locatit at Luque, suburb o the caipital Asunción. It is named efter the Paraguayan aviator Silvio Pettirossi an wis umwhile kent as Presidente Stroessner Internaitional Airport, efter Paraguay's umwhile dictator General Alfredo Stroessner.

Tourist attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Traditional buildings in Calle Palma

The ceety is hame tae the Godoi Museum an the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (which contains auld paintings frae the 19t century), the Kirk o La Encarnación an the Metropolitan Cathedral, an the Naitional Pantheon o the Heroes, a smawer version o Les Invalides in Paris, where mony o the naition's heroes ar entombed. Ither landmarks include the Palacio de los López, the auld Senate building (a modren biggin opened tae hoose Congress in 2003), the Catedral Metropolitana an the Casa de la Independencia (ane o the few examples o colonial architecture remainin in the ceety).

Calle Palma is the main street dountoun whaur several historical biggins, plazas, shops, restaurants an cafes ar locatit. The "Manzana de la Rivera", locatit in front o the Presidential Palace, is a series o auld traditional hames that hae been restored an serve as a museum showcasin the architectural evolution o the ceety. The auld railway station maintains the auld trains that now ar uised in tourist trips tae the cities o Luque an Areguá.

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Asunción an aa haes luxurious malls that contain shops sellin well-kent brands. The biggest shopping malls ar Shopping del Sol, which includes a Macy's-style depairtment store; Mariscal López Shopping, Shopping Villa Morra in the central pairt o the ceety, an the Mall Excelsior dountoun.

Sports an entertainment[eedit | eedit soorce]

fitbaa is the main sport in Paraguay, an Asunción is home tae some o the maist important an traditional soccer teams like Olimpia, Cerro Porteño an Club Libertad, Club Nacional, Club Guaraní, Club Sol de América, which hae their awn stadiums an sport facilities for affiliated members. The Defensores del Chaco stadium is the main fitbaa stadium o the kintra an is locatit in the neighbourhood o Sajonia, juist a few minutes away frae the centre o Asunción. Since it is a naitional stadium sometimes it is uised for ither activities such as rock concerts.

The nichtlife revolves around twa areas: ane in the dountoun part o the ceety an the ither in the neighbourhoods o Manora an Las Carmelitas, a strip full o nichtclubs and bars.

As it haes been happenin in mony ither parts o the warld, cinemas hae migratit intae the main shoppin malls.

Municipal Theater "Ignacio A. Pane"

Asunción an aa host several symphony orchestras, an ballet, opera an theater companies. The maist well kent orchestras ar the Ceety o Asunción's Symphony Orchestra (OSCA), the Naitional Symphony Orchestra an the Northren University Symphony Orchestra. Amang professional ballet companies, maist renowned ar the Asunción Classic an Modern Municipal Ballet, the Naitional Ballet an the Northren University Ballet. The main opera company is the Northren University Opera Company. A lang-standin theater company is Arlequín Theater Foundation's. Traditional venues include the Municipal Theater, the Paraguayan-Japanese Center, the Central Bank's Great Lyric Theater, the Juan de Salazar Cultural Center, the Americaes Theater, the Tom Jobim Theater, the Arlequín Theater an the Manzana de la Rivera.

Interniational relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Asunción is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Paraguay Facts and Figures". MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 
  2. "Weather Information for Asunción". Retrieved Nov 9 2008. 
  3. "Cancillería. Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores. Asuntos Federales y Electorales. Hermanamientos". Cancilleria.gov.ar. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  4. Documento de declaración de hermanamiento entre las capitales latinoamericanas. Municipalidad de Madrid, URL último acceso el 18/11/2007.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]