Uruguay

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Oriental Republic o Uruguay
  • República Oriental del Uruguay (Spainyie)
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Libertad o Muerte" (Spainyie)
"Freedom or Daith"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Uruguay
Naitional Anthem o Uruguay
Caipital Montevideo
34°53′S 56°10′W / 34.883°S 56.167°W / -34.883; -56.167
Largest city caipital
Offeecial leids Spainyie
Ethnic groups (2006[1])
Demonym Uruguayan
Government Unitar presidential constitutional republic
 -  Preses José Mujica
 -  Vice Preses Danilo Astori
Legislatur General Assembly
 -  Upper hoose Chamber o Senators
 -  Lawer hoose Chamber o Deputies
Unthirldom frae the Brazil
 -  Declaration 25 August 1825 
 -  Recognition 28 August 1828 
 -  Constitution 18 Julie 1830 
Aurie
 -  Total 176,215 km2 (91st)
68,037 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 1.5
Population
 -  2011 estimate 3,318,535[2] (133rd)
 -  2011 census 3,286,314[3]
 -  Densitie 18.65/km2 (196t)
48.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $56.338 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $16,607[4]
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $55.412 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $16,334[4]
Gini (2010) 45.3[5]
middlin
HDI (2013) Increase 0.792[6]
heich · 51st
Currency Uruguayan peso (UYU)
Time zone UYT (UTC−3)
 -  Summer (DST) UYST (UTC−2)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +598
Internet TLD .uy

Uruguay, offeecially the Oriental Republic o Uruguay, is a kintra locatit in the sootheastren part o Sooth Americae. It is home to some 3.5 million fowk, o whom 1.4 million live in the caipital Montevideo an its metropolitan aurie. An estimatit 88% o the population ar o European strynd.

Uruguay's anerlie land border is wi Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, tae the north. Tae the wast lies the Uruguay River, tae the soothwast lies the estuary o Río de la Plata, wi Argentinae anerlie a short commute athort the banks o either o these bodies o watter, while tae the sootheast lies the soothren pairt o the Atlantic Ocean. Uruguay, wi an aurie o approximately 176 thoosand km2, is the seicont smawest naition o Sooth Americae in aurie efter Suriname.

Colonia del Sacramento, ane o Uruguay's auldest European settlements, wis foondit bi the Portuguese in 1680. Montevideo wis foondit bi the Spainyie in the early 18t century as a militar stranghauld. Uruguay wan its unthirldom in 1811–1828 followin a three-way struggle amang Spain, Argentinae an Brazil. It is a constitutional democracy, where the preses fulfills the roles o baith heid o state an heid o govrenment.

Uruguay is ane o the maist economically developed kintras in Sooth Americae, wi a hie GDP per capita an the 50t hichtest quality o life in the warld. The economy is lairgely based on agriculture (makin up 10% o GDP an the maist substantial export) an the state sector. Accordin tae Transparency Internaitional, Uruguay is ratit as the least corrupt kintra in Latin Americae (alang wi Chile), wi its poleetical an labour condeetions being amang the freest on the continent.

In 2007, it acame the first Latin American kintra tae legalize same-sex anae different-sex ceevil unions at a naitional level.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

La República Oriental del Uruguay oreeginally meant the republic east o the Uruguay [River], but is nou uusually translatit intae Inglis as the Oriental Republic o Uruguay.[2][7] The govrenment o Uruguay normally uisses simply Uruguay.

The etymologie o the Uruguay River, comin frae the Guaraní leid, is uncertain, but the offeecial meanin[8] is "river o the paintit birds".

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Extended National Household Survey, 2006: Ancestry" (PDF) (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Central Intelligence Agency. "Uruguay". The World Factbook. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  3. Resultados del Censo de Población 2011: población, crecimiento y estructura por sexo y edad ine.gub.uy
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Uruguay". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  6. "Human Development Report 2013". United Nations Development Programme. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  7. "Uruguay". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008. 
  8. "Ministerio de Turismo y Deporte del Uruguay (Spanish, English and Portuguese)". Turismo.gub.uy. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]