Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae

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Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine
Banner Seal
(Banner) (Seal)
Location Republika Srpska (red) inside o Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Location o Republika Srpska in Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Caipital
(an lairgest ceety)
Sarajevo
Offeecial leid Bosnie, Croatie, Serbie
Govrenment 
 - Preses
 - Prime Meenister
Parliamentary seestem
Živko Budimir
Nermin Nikšić  
Aurie
 - Tot

26,110 km2 km²
10,085 sq mi
Population
 - 2010 Estimate
 
2,338,270
Foondin
 - Proclaimit
 - Recognizit
18 Mairch 1994
14 December 1995
Siller Convertible mark (BAM)
Time zone UTC +1, Simmer: UTC +2
Naitional anthem Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
(Naitional Anthem o Bosnie an Herzegovinae)
Internet TLD rs.ba
Cawin code 387

The Federation o Bosnia an Herzegovinae Aboot this soond listen  (Bosnie, Croatie, Serbie: Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine Serbie Cyrillic: Федерација Босне и Херцеговине) is ane o the twa poleetical entities that compose the sovereign kintra o Bosnie an Herzegovinae (the ither entity is the Republika Srpska). The twa entities are delineatit bi the Inter-Entity Boundary Line. The Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae is primarily inhabitit bi Bosniaks an Bosnie Croats, which is why it is informally referred tae as the Bosniak-Croat Federation (wi the Bosnie Serbs as the third constituency o the entity).

The Federation wis creatit bi the Washington accords signed on 18 Mairch 1994, which established a constituent assembly that continued its wirk till October 1996. The Federation nou haes its awn caipital, govrenment, preses, parliament, customs an polis depairtments, postal seestem (in fact, twa of them), and airline (BH Airlines). It uised tae hae its awn airmy, the Airmy o the Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae, though alang wi the Airmy o the Republika Srpska it wis fully integratit intae Airmit Forces o Bosnie an Herzegovinae, controlled bi the Meenistry o Defence o Bosnie an Herzegovinae, on 6 Juin 2006.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Boundary[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL) that distinguishes Bosnie an Herzegovinae's twa entities essentially runs alang the military front lines as they existit at the end o the Bosnie War, wi adjustments (maist importantly in the wastren pairt o the kintra an aroond Sarajevo), as defined bi the Dayton Agreement. The total length o the IEBL is approximately 1,080 km. The IEBL is an admeenistrative demarcation an no controlled bi the military or polis an there is free muivement athort it.

Cantons[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae is dividit intae ten cantons (Bosnie: kantoni Croatie: županije):

Bosnia and Herzegovina subdivision map Cantons.png
No. Canton Center No. Canton Center
Coat of arms of Una-Sana Canton.gif I. Una-Sana Bihać Central Bosnia Canton Grb.gif VI. Central Bosnie Travnik
Coat of arms of Posavina.svg II. Posavina Orašje Coat of arms of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton.gif VII. Herzegovina-Neretva Mostar
Coat of arms of Tuzla Canton.svg III. Tuzla Tuzla No coats of arms.svg VIII. Wast Herzegovinae Široki Brijeg
Coat of arms of Zenica-Doboj Canton.gif IV. Zenica-Doboj Zenica Sarajevo Canton CoA.png IX. Sarajevo Sarajevo
Coat of arms of Bosnian Podrinje Canton.PNG V. Bosnie Podrinje Goražde No coats of arms.svg X. Canton 10 Livno

Five o the cantons (Una-Sana, Tuzla, Zenica-Doboj, Bosnie Podrinje an Sarajevo) are Bosniak majority cantons, three (Posavina, Wast Herzegovinae an Canton 10) are Croat majority cantons, an twa (Central Bosnie an Herzegovina-Neretva) are 'ethnically mixed', meanin there are special legislative procedurs for protection o the constituent ethnic groups.

A significant portion o Brčko Destrict wis an aw pairt o the Federation; housomeivver, when the destrict wis creatit, it became shared territory o baith entities, but it wis no placit unner control o either o the twa, an is hence unner direct jurisdiction o Bosnie an Herzegovinae.

Currently the Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae haes 79 municipalities.

Ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

F bih02.png

Leet o the municipalities in Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae:[note 1][1][2]

Sarajevo is no a municipality an comprises fower municipalities Centar, Novi Grad, Novo Sarajevo an Stari Grad. It haes a total population o 310,605 inhabitants.[2]

No. Name Population
1. Tuzla 131,718
2. Zenica 127,103
3. Novi Grad - Sarajevo 124,742
4. Mostar 111,364
5. Novo Sarajevo 73,394
6. Centar - Sarajevo 69,889
7. Cazin 62,510
8. Bihać 61,358
9. Ilidža 59,271
10. Živinice 55,305
11. Travnik 54,878
12. Gračanica 52,212
13. Lukavac 50,998
14. Tešanj 48,266
15. Velika Kladuša 46,759
16. Gradačac 46,154
17. Sanski Most 44,322
18. Kakanj 43,300
19. Stari Grad - Sarajevo 42,580
20. Srebrenik 41,692
21. Visoko 40,320
22. Zavidovići 37,983
23. Bugojno 37,209
24. Kalesija 35,751
25. Livno 31,878
26. Žepče 31,056
27. Goražde 30,123
28. Konjic 28,266
29. Bosanska Krupa 28,062
30. Tomislavgrad 27,116
31. Široki Brijeg 26,267
32. Banovići 25,786
33. Vitez 25,109
34. Novi Travnik 24,884
35. Jajce 24,328
36. Ljubuški 23,689
37. Maglaj 23,381
38. Čapljina 23,050
39. Vogošća 23,038
40. Hadžići 22,727

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The town of Brčko is part of the Brčko District, which is part of both, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Estimation total number of present population by age, sex and cantons and municipality, 30 June 2008" (PDF). Federal Office of Statistics, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 2009-08-10. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.fzs.ba/saopcenja/2010/14.2.1.pdf

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]