Trebinje

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For ither places wi the same name, see Trebinje (disambiguation).
Trebinje
Требиње
Location o Trebinje athin Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 42°42′43″N 18°20′46″E / 42.712°N 18.346°E / 42.712; 18.346Coordinates: 42°42′43″N 18°20′46″E / 42.712°N 18.346°E / 42.712; 18.346
Kintra Banner o Bosnie an Herzegovinae Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Entity Banner o Republika Srpska Republika Srpska
Dounsets 178 (2008)
Government
 • Mayor Slavko Vučurević [1]
Area
 • Total 904 km2 (349 sq mi)
Population (2013 Census)
 • Total 32,870
 • Municipality 100,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 59
Website [2]

Trebinje (Cyrillic: Требиње) is the soothmaist municipality an ceety in Bosnie an Herzegovinae an is a pairt o the Republika Srpska entity. It is locatit in sootheastren Herzegovinae, some 20 km frae the Adriatic Sea. The ceety wis first mentioned in the 10t century.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Trebinje toun an valley

The ceety lees in the Trebišnjica river valley in southeastern Herzegovina, some 30 km (19 mi) by road from Dubrovnik, Croatie, on the Adriatic coast. Thare are several mills alang the river, as well as several brigs, includin three in the ceety o Trebinje itsel, as well as a historic Ottoman Arslanagic brig nearbi. The river is hivily exploitit for hydro-electric energy. Efter it passes throu the Popovo Polje aurie soothwast o the ceety, the river - which ayes floods in the winter - naturally runs unnergrund tae the Adriatic, near Dubrovnik. For Trebinje is said that it is "the ceety o the sun an platan trees", an it is ane o the maist bonnie ceeties in Bosnie an Herzegovinae. The ceety is economic an cultural centre o the region o Eastren Herzegovinae.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Trebinje enjoys a hot-simmer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate clessification) wi short wairm winters an lang blazin simmers. Trebinje is ane o the wairmest in Bosnie an Herzegovinae. The average annual temperatur in the ceety is 16.6 °C (1981–2012) an the average Januar temperatur is 8.3 °C, while the Julie temperatur is 26.5 °C. Snaw is vera rare. In the simmer, daytime temperatures are aroond 35 °C - 38 °C an in winter the temperatur rarely drops belaw 0 °C. The heichest recordit temperatur wis 45.5 °C on 22 July 2007. An the lawest recordit temperatur wis -8 °C on 14 Januar 1968. The climate is favorable for the cultivation of tangerine, orange, lemon, olives, grapefruit an mony ither subtropical plants includin mony species o palm trees. Its climate is similar tae that o the ceety o Dubrovnik, Croatie.

Climate data for Trebinje
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
23
(73)
26.5
(79.7)
32.5
(90.5)
36
(97)
41.5
(106.7)
45.5
(113.9)
45
(113)
40.5
(104.9)
35
(95)
26
(79)
23
(73)
26.5
(79.7)
Average heich °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
11.3
(52.3)
14.4
(57.9)
17.9
(64.2)
22.3
(72.1)
26.2
(79.2)
30.3
(86.5)
30.3
(86.5)
25.4
(77.7)
20.4
(68.7)
16.6
(61.9)
12.4
(54.3)
19.89
(67.81)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
8.5
(47.3)
11.4
(52.5)
14.9
(58.8)
18.7
(65.7)
22.5
(72.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
22.0
(71.6)
17.3
(63.1)
13.5
(56.3)
9.5
(49.1)
16.63
(61.94)
Average laich °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.6
(42.1)
8.5
(47.3)
11.9
(53.4)
15.2
(59.4)
18.8
(65.8)
22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
18.7
(65.7)
14.2
(57.6)
10.5
(50.9)
6.5
(43.7)
13.40
(56.12)
Record laich °C (°F) −8
(18)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.5
(23.9)
2.5
(36.5)
8.5
(47.3)
10.5
(50.9)
14.5
(58.1)
14.5
(58.1)
10
(50)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
−6
(21)
−8
(18)
Precipitation mm (inches) 195.2
(7.685)
189.2
(7.449)
132.7
(5.224)
110.9
(4.366)
76.1
(2.996)
48.6
(1.913)
24.1
(0.949)
28.0
(1.102)
98.7
(3.886)
169.9
(6.689)
265.0
(10.433)
225.3
(8.87)
1,563.7
(61.563)
Avg. precipitation days 11.2 10.9 11.6 11.2 9.5 6.7 3.4 3.5 6.4 10.3 14.3 12.5 111.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.1 130.5 155.0 186.0 251.1 294.0 356.5 347.2 261.0 204.6 138.0 112.2 2,563.2
Source: World Meteorological Organisation (UN)[2]

Dounsets[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety o Trebinje haes a total o 178 dounsets accordin tae the 1991 census.

Aranđelovo, Arbanaška, Arslanagića Most, Baljivac, Baonine, Begović Kula, Belenići, Bihovo, Bijelač, Bijograd, Bioci, Bobovišta, Bodiroge, Bogojević Selo, Borlovići, Brani Do, Brova, Budoši, Bugovina, Cerovac, Cicina, Cicrina, Čavaš, Čopice, Čvaljina, Čvarići, Desin Selo, Diklići, Djedići, Do, Dobromani, Dodanovići, Dolovi, Domaševo, Donja Kočela, Donje Čičevo, Donje Grančarevo, Donje Vrbno, Donji Orahovac, Dračevo, Dražin Do, Drijenjani, Dubljani, Dubočani, Duži, Dvrsnica, Glavinići, Glavska, Gojšina, Gola Glavica, Golubinac, Gomiljani, Gornja Kočela, Gornje Čičevo, Gornje Grančarevo, Gornje Vrbno, Gornji Orahovac, Gorogaše, Grab, Grbeši, Grbići, Grebci, Grkavci, Grmljani, Hum, Ivanica, Janjač, Jasen, Jasenica Lug, Jazina, Jušići, Kalađurđevići, Kijev Do, Klikovići, Klobuk, Konjsko, Korlati, Kotezi, Kovačina, Kraj, Krajkovići, Kremeni Do, Krnjevići, Kučići, Kunja Glavica, Kutina, Lapja, Lastva, Lokvice, Lomači, Lug, Lušnica, Ljekova, Ljubovo, Marić Međine, Mesari, Mionići, Morče, Mosko, Mrkonjići, Mrnjići, Necvijeće, Nenovići, Nevada, Nikontovići, Ograde, Orah, Orahov Do, Orašje Popovo, Orašje Površ, Orašje Zubci, Parojska Njiva, Petrovići, Pijavice, Podosoje, Podstrašivica, Podštirovnik, Podvori, Poljice Čičevo, Poljice Popovo, Prhinje Pridvorci, Prosjek, Rapti Bobani, Rapti Zupci, Rasovac, Ravno, Rupni Do, Sedlari, Skočigrm, Slavogostići, Slivnica Bobani, Slivnica Površ, Sparožići, Staro Slano, Strujići, Šarani, Šćenica Bobani, Šćenica Ljubomir, Taleža, Todorići, Trebijovi, Trebimlja, Trebinje, Trnčina, Tuli, Tulje, Turani, Turica, Turmenti, Tvrdoš, Ubla, Ugarci, Ukšići, Uskoplje, Uvjeća, Veličani, Velja Gora, Velja Međa, Vladušići, Vlaka, Vlasače, Vlaška, Volujac, Vrpolje Ljubomir, Vrpolje Zagora, Vučija, Vukovići, Začula, Zagora, Zagradinje, Zaplanik, Zavala, Zgonjevo, Žakovo, Ždrijelovići, Željevo an Župa.

Trebinje is ane o twa municipalities that wur creatit frae the umwhile Yugoslavie municipality o Trebinje o the 1991 census, the ither bein Ravno in the Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gračanica, a Serbie Orthodox monastery locatit on the Crkvina Hill owerleukin the toun.

The Serbie Orthodox kirk in Trebinje, Saborna Crkva, wis built atween 1888 an 1908. The Hercegovačka Gračanica monastery, an exact copy o the Gračanica monastery in Kosovo, wis completit in 2000. The kirks are locatit abuin the ceety, on the historic Crkvina Hill. The 15t-century Tvrdoš monastery is locatit twa kilometres sooth-wast o Trebinje, includin a kirk which dates back tae the late antiquity. Trebinje is hame tae the Catholic Cathedral o the Birth o Mary in the ceety centre, near the famous Platan trees o Trebinje. Thare are monuments dedicatit tae acclaimit poets Petar II Petrović-Njegoš an Jovan Dučić an aw. The Osman-Paša Resulbegović mosque, locatit in the Auld Toun, wis oreeginally built in 1726 an fully rebuilt in 2005. The Auld Toun ceety waws are well preservit. The Arslanagić Bridge (1574) is locatit 1 km north o the toun centre.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The local fitbaa club, FK Leotar Trebinje, plays in the Premier League o Bosnie an Herzegovinae.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. [1][deid airtin]
  2. "World Weather Information Service – Trebinje". United Nations. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

 This airticle incorporates text fae a publication nou in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11t ed.). Cambridge University Press.