Velika Kladuša

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Velika Kladuša
Municipality
Velika Kladuša is located in Bosnia
Velika Kladuša
Velika Kladuša
Location o Velika Kladuša in Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Coordinates: 45°11′N 15°48′E / 45.183°N 15.800°E / 45.183; 15.800
Kintra  Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Government
 • Mayor Admil Mulalić (DNZ)
Area
 • Total 176 km2 (68 sq mi)
Population (1991 census)
 • Total 52,908
 • Density 300/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +387 37
Website http://www.velikakladusa.gov.ba
Mosque in Velika Kladuša
Castle in Velika Kladuša

Velika Kladuša (pronounced [vɛ̂likaː klǎduʃa]) is a ceety an municipality in the far northwast o Bosnie an Herzegovinae, locatit near the border wi Croatie. The closest ceety is Cazin, an a bit farther, the ceeties o Bihać an Bosanski Novi. Athort the border, it is no far frae Cetingrad. Admeenistratively, it is pairt o the Una-Sana Canton o the Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae. The Velika Kladuša municipality haes mony smawer touns an veelages inside it such as Mala Kladuša, Todorovo, Podzvizd an Crvarevac an aw. The toun o Velika Kladuša is the center for the municipality acause maist hospitals, stores an govrenment biggins are locatit thare.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Velika Kladuša wis first mentioned bi name on 30 October 1280 (date on its shield) bi the name Cladosa. Durin the era o Byzantine Empire it is assumit that the population o the toun stairtit tae slowly grow. Towards the end o the 13t century up tae 1464, Velika Kladuša wis controlled bi twa different Croatie keengs.

Aroond 1464 the Ottoman Empire wis expandin towards this region an the toun wis feenally captured in 1633. Velika Kladuša wad later become the center o Ottoman expansion intae neebourin Croatie as well as the rest o Europe. At the stairt o the occupation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae bi the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1878, Velika Kladuša alang wi ithers in the region, put up the biggest resistance in the region. Nivertheless, it developit wi the openin o schuils, the introduction o laund register beuks, an a mosque an a catholic kirk wur built.

WW II an socialist Yugoslavie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin WWII the region o Velika Kladuša focht on the side o the Yugoslav Partisans. At ane point the toun switched alliances an alloued the Nazi’s tae occupee it but this wis planned oot wi the Partisans acause they then surprised the Nazi’s bi jointly attackin them wi the Partisans. The fowk in this region wur aaways strang supporters o Yugoslav Preses Josip Broz Tito an communism. Ane café in Velika Kladuša wis namit “Tito” in his honor.

In era o Yugoslav socialism the toun became the heidquairters o Agrokomerc, ane o biggest fuid companies in Socialist Federal Republic o Yugoslavie. The company stairtit as a single food producing farm and grew tae an estimatit 13,000 employees at its peak o production. Agrokomerc made Velika Kladuša an the surroondin regions turn frae ane o the poorest in Yugoslavie tae ane o the richest. Velika Kladuša wis at ane point cried “The Swisserland o Yugoslavie” due tae its smaw size but great walth an at ither points it wis cried "The Cayman Islands o the Balkans".

Yugoslav Wars[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the war in Yugoslavie, Agrokomerc still continued tae operate as it producit aw types o fuid boond for Zagreb, Belgrade an ither places. Agrokomerc wirkit wi internaitional companies as far awa as Ecuador, Colombie, Germany an Brazil. The day Agrokomerc still wirks but at a smaller capacity than afore the war. It is aften chyngin directors an is currently athoot ane.

Durin the Bosnie War (1992–1995), the toun wis the caipital o the sel-declared Autonomous Province o Wastren Bosnie. The seat o the govrenment wis at the Stari Grad Castle which haed defence forces guardin it throughoot the day an nicht. The ceety itsel did no suffer hintle damage as it wis maistly spared o lairge fechtin. Follaein the end o the Bosnie War, the toun wis the hame o the Czech helicopter unit an Canadian Forces NATO camp supportin the IFOR an SFOR peacemakkin missions frae 1995 tae 2003.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipality Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ethnic Composition
Year Serb  % Bosniaks  % Croats  % Yugoslavs  % Ithers  % Total
1961 4,489 15.34% 23,585 80.59% 870 2.97% 250 0.85% 73 0.25% 29,267
1971 2,845 7.88% 32,110 88.99% 742 2.05% 191 0.52% 191 0.52% 36,079
1981 2,456 5.39% 40,238 88.39% 701 1.53% 1,758 3.86% 367 0.80% 45,520
1991 2,266 4.28% 48,305 91.29% 740 1.39% 993 1.87% 604 1.14% 52,908

The day the fowk are maistly Bosniaks but thare are still some Serbs who hae mainly come frae Serbie Krajina an ithers includin Gypsies, Yugoslavs an Albanies an aw.

Toun Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1991 the toun o Velika Kladuša itsel haed 14,469 residents, o which:

  • 90% Bosniaks
  • 2.3% Serbs
  • 2% Croats
  • 1% Yugoslavs
  • 1% ithers

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

A Mosque in Velika Kladuša
  • Velika Kladusa Castle (Stari Grad)
  • The Bazaar (Pijaca)
  • Krajsnik Stadium
  • Mujo Hrnjica Pairk
  • Pool in Mala Kladusa
  • Central Mosque
  • Robna Kuca (Main Store)

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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