San Francisco

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San Francisco
Ceety an coonty
City and County of San Francisco
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands, with the Golden Gate Bridge in the foreground

Flag
Official seal of San Francisco
Seal
Nickname(s): The Ceety bi the Bay
Fog Ceety
Frisco (deprecated)[1][2][3]
The City that Knows How (antiquated)[4]
Baghdad by the Bay (antiquated)[5]
The Paris o the Wast[6]
Motto: Oro en Paz, Fierro en Guerra
(Spanish for "Gowd in Peace, Iron in War")
Location o San Francisco
San Francisco is located in United States
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 37°46′45.48″N 122°25′9.12″W / 37.7793000°N 122.4192000°W / 37.7793000; -122.4192000
Kintra Unitit States
State Californie
Founded 29 Juin 1776
Incorporatit 15 Aprile 1850[7]
Founded by Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga an Francisco Palóu
Named for St. Francis o Assisi
Government
 • Type Mayor-cooncil govrenment
 • Mayor o San Francisco Edwin M. Lee
 • San Francisco Board of Supervisors
 • Californie State Assembly Fiona Ma (D)
Tom Ammiano (D)
 • Californie State Senate Mark Leno (D)
Leland Yee (D)
 • Unitit States Hoose o Representatives Nancy Pelosi (D)
Jackie Speier (D)
Area[8]
 • Ceety an coonty 231.89 sq mi (600.6 km2)
 • Land 46.87 sq mi (121.4 km2)
 • Water 185.02 sq mi (479.2 km2)  79.79%
 • Metro 3,524.4 sq mi (9,128 km2)
Elevation 52 ft (16 m)
Highest elevation 925 ft (282 m)
Lowest elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010)[8][9] CSA: 7,563,460
 • Density 17,179.2/sq mi (6,632.9/km2)
 • Urban 3,273,190
 • Metro 4,335,391
Demonym San Franciscan
Time zone Pacific Staundart Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Paceefic Daylicht Time (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 94101–94112, 94114–94147, 94150–94170, 94172, 94175, 94177
Area code(s) 415
Website www.sfgov.org

San Francisco, offeecially the City and County of San Francisco, is the fowert maist populous ceety in Californie an the 12t maist populous ceety in the Unitit States, wi a 2009 estimatit population o 815,358.[10] The anerlie consolidated ceety-coonty in Californie,[11] it encompasses a land aurie o 46.7 square miles (121 km2)[12] on the northren end o the San Francisco Peninsula, givin it a density o 17,323 fowk/mi² (6,688.4 people/km²). It is the maist densely settled lairge ceety (population greater than 200,000) in the state o Californie an the seicont-maist densely populatit lairge ceety in the Unitit States.[13] San Francisco is the financial, cultural, an transportation center o the San Francisco Bay Area, a region o mair than 7.4 million fowk which includes San Jose an Oakland.[14]

In 1776, the Spainyie establisht a fort at the Golden Gate an a mission named for Francis o Assisi on the site.[15] The Californie Gold Rush in 1848 propelled the cety intae a period o rapid growth, increasin the population in ane year frae 1,000 tae 25,000,[16] and thus transformin it intae the lairgest ceety on the Wast Coast at the time. Efter three-quarters o the ceety wis destroyed bi the 1906 earthquake an fire,[17] San Francisco wis quickly rebuilt, hostin the Panama-Paceefic Internaitional Exposition nine years later. Durin Warld War II, San Francisco wis the port o embarkation for service members shippin oot tae the Paceefic Theater.[18] Efter the war, the confluence o returnin servicemen, massive immigration, leeberalizin attitudes, an ither factors led tae the Simmer o Love an the gay richts movement, cementin San Francisco as a center o leeberal activism in the Unitit States.

The day, San Francisco is a popular internaitional tourist destination,[19] renouned for its chilly simmer fog, steep rollin hills, eclectic mix o Victorian an modren architecture an its famous landmarks, includin the Golden Gate Bridge, cable caurs, an Chinatown. The ceety is an aa a principal bankin an finance center, an the hame tae mair than 30 internaitional financial institutions,[20] helpin tae make San Francisco aichteent place in the warld's top producin ceeties, nint in the Unitit States, an fifteent place in the top twintie Global Financial Centers.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Don't Call It Frisco". San Francisco Examiner, San Francisco Chronicle. April 3, 1918. p. 6. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  2. Although many residents still maintain that the nickname "Frisco" is taboo, many residents, especially younger and working-class natives, have kept the term alive and well. In any case, this is a matter of ongoing debate that reflects certain cultural divisions within The City. Sullivan, James (October 14, 2003). "Frisco, that once-verboten term for the city by the bay, is making a comeback among the young and hip. Herb Caen is spinning at warp speed.". San Francisco Chronicle. p. D-1. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  3. Some tourists refer to San Francisco as "Frisco." However, locals discourage this. Samuel D. Cohen writes that many credit "Friscophobia" to newspaper columnist Herb Caen, whose first book, published in 1953, was "Don't Call it Frisco" after a 1918 newspaper article of the same name. Caen was considered by many to be the recognized authority on what was, and what was not, beneath the city's dignity, and to him, Frisco was intolerable. Cohen, Sam (September 11, 1997). "Locals know best: only tourists call it 'Frisco'". Golden Gater Online. San Francisco State University. Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  4. "PPIE: The City That Knows How". Amusing America. San Francisco Public Library. March 29, 2005. Retrieved June 14, 2008. 
  5. Caen, Herb (1949). Baghdad-by-the-Bay. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-89174-047-6. OCLC 31060237. LC F869.S3 C12. 
  6. "The City". UnknownWW2InColor. UnknownWW2InColor (Ramano-Archives). 1939. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  7. "San Francisco: Government". SFGov.org. Retrieved March 8, 2012. "San Francisco was incorporated as a City on April 15th, 1850 by act of the Legislature." 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County – Census Tract". 2010 Unitit States Census Summary File 1. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  9. "GCT-PL2 – Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – United States – Combined Statistical Area with Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Components; and for Puerto Rico". 2010 Unitit States Census Summary File 1. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  10. "San Francisco city, Population Finder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2010. 
  11. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CityCounty
  12. "San Francisco County, California QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2009. 
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named SF_Population_Density
  14. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2008. 
  15. Edward F. O'Day (October 1926). "The Founding of San Francisco". San Francisco Water. Spring Valley Water Authority. Retrieved February 14, 2009. 
  16. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 1949pop
  17. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Montagne
  18. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named WWII
  19. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named TravelandTourism
  20. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CityData.com