San Jose, Californie

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San Jose
Ceety
City of San Jose
Images, frae top doun, left tae richt: Downtown San Jose, De Anza Hotel, East San Jose suburbs, Lick Observatory, Plaza de César Chávez

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "S.J.", "San Jo'", "The Valley of Heart's Delight"
Motto: The Capital of Silicon Valley
Location o San Jose athin Santa Clara Coonty, Californie
San Jose is located in United States
San Jose
San Jose
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 37°20′N 121°54′W / 37.333°N 121.900°W / 37.333; -121.900Coordinates: 37°20′N 121°54′W / 37.333°N 121.900°W / 37.333; -121.900
Kintra Banner o Unitit States Unitit States
State Banner o Californie Californie
Coonty Santa Clara
Pueblo foondit November 29, 1777
Incorporatit Mairch 27, 1850
Government
 • Type Chairter ceety, Cooncil-manager
 • Body San Jose City Council
 • Mayor Chuck Reed (D)
 • Vice Mayor Madison Nguyen
 • City Manager Ed Shikada
 • Senate
 • Assembly
Area[2]
 • Ceety 179.965 sq mi (466.109 km2)
 • Land 176.526 sq mi (457.201 km2)
 • Water 3.439 sq mi (8.908 km2)
 • Urban 447.82 sq mi (720.69 km2)
 • Metro 8,818 sq mi (22,681 km2)
Elevation[3] 85 ft (26 m)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Ceety 1,000,536[1]
 • Rank 1st in Santa Clara Coonty
3rd in Californie[1]
10t in the Unitit States
 • Urban 1,894,388
 • Metro 1,975,342
 • CSA 8,469,854
  City population is a 2014 estimate by the California Department of Finance.
Demonym San Josean
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code 95101–95103, 95106, 95108–95139, 95118, 95124, 95141, 95142, 95148, 95150–95161, 95164, 95170–95173, 95190–95194, 95196, 95116,
Area code(s) 408/669
FIPS code 06-68000
GNIS featur ID 1654952
Website www.sanjoseca.gov

San Jose (pronounced /ˌsæn hoʊˈzeɪ/; meanin St. Joseph in Spainyie) is the third-lairgest ceety in Californie, the tent-lairgest in the US, an the coonty seat o Santa Clara Coonty. It is locatit at the soothren end o San Francisco Bay. The San Jose/Silicon Valley aurie is a major component o the greater San Francisco Bay Aurie Combined Statistical Aurie (CSA), a region o nearly 7.5 million fowk.

Ance a sma farmin ceety, San Jose experienced rapid growth frae the 1950s tae the present. San Jose is nou the lairgest ceety in the San Francisco Bay Aurie in terms o population, land aurie, an industrial development. The US Census Bureau estimatit the population at 964,695 as o 2009.[4]

San Jose wis foondit on November 29, 1777, as El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first toun in the Spainyie colony o Nueva Californie, which later became Alta Californie.[5] The ceety served as a farmin community toae support Spainyie military installations at San Francisco an Monterey. When Californie gained statehuid in 1850, San Jose served as its first caipital.[6]

Efter mair than 150 years as an agricultural center, San Jose experienced increased demand for hoosin frae sodgers an veterans returnin frae Warld War II. San Jose continued its aggressive expansion durin the 1950s an 1960s bi annexing mair land aurie. The rapid growth o the heich-technology an electronics industries further acceleratit the transition frae an agricultural center, tae an urbanized metropolitan aurie.

The Santa Clara Valley wis the last (an lairgest) contiguous aurie o undeveloped land surroondin the San Francisco Bay. Bi the 1990s, San Jose's location athin the booming local technology industry earned the ceety its nickname, Caipital o Silicon Valley.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties, and the State". California Department of Finance. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  2. "Gazetteer". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  3. "USGS—San Jose, California". Retrieved February 17, 2007. 
  4. "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2009 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009" (CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 22, 2010. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  5. "The First City". California History Online. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2008. 
  6. "California Admission Day—September 9, 1850". California State Parks. 2007. Retrieved March 15, 2008.