Macau

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中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Banner Emblem
(Banner) (Emblem)
Motto: nane
Macau
Macau
Offeecial leid Cheenese, Portuguese,
Govrenment 
 - Chief executive
Preses o the Court o Final Appeal
Preses o the Legislative Assembly
Special admeenistrative region
Fernando Chui
Sam Hou Fai
Lau Cheok Va 
Aurie
 - Total
 - % watter

29.5 km²/11.30 sq mi
neglible
Population
 - 2010
 - 2009 census
 - Density
 
544,600
434,235
18,568/km²
Foondin
 - Transfer o sovereignty tae the FRC
20 December 1999
Siller Macanese patanca
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
Naitional anthem March of the Volunteers
Internet TLD .mo
Cawin code +853

Macau (Cheenese: 澳門), also spelled Macao (play /məˈk/), is, alang wi Hong Kong, ane o the twa special admeenistrative regions o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. It lies on the wastren side o the Pearl River Delta, borderin Guangdong province tae the north an facin the Sooth Cheenae Sea tae the east an sooth.[1]

The territory's economy is hivily dependent on gamblin an tourism but includes manufacturin an aw.

Macau wis a Portuguese colony an baith the first an last European colony in Cheenae.[2][3] Portuguese traders first settled in Macau in the 16t century an subsequently admeenistered the region till the haundower on 20 December 1999. The Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration an the Basic Law o Macau stipulate that Macau operates wi a hie degree o autonomy till at least 2049, fifty years efter the transfer.[4]

Unner the policy o "ane kintra, twa seestems", the PRC's Central Fowr Govrenment is responsible for the territory's defense an foreign affairs, while Macau maintains its awn legal seestem, polis force, monetary seestem, customs policy, an immigration policy. Macau participates in mony internaitional organizations an events that dae no require members tae possess naitional sovereignty.[4][5] Accordin tae the CIA factbeuk, Macau haes the heichest life expectancy in the warld.[6]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Names o Macau

Afore the Portuguese settlement in the early 16t century, Macau wis kent as Haojing (Oyster Mirror) or Jinghai (Mirror Sea).[7] The name Macau is thought tae be derived frae the A-Ma Temple (Cheenese: 媽閣廟; Jyutping: Maa1 Gok3 Miu6), a temple built in 1448 dedicatit tae Matsu — the goddess o seafarers an fishermen. It is said that when the Portuguese sailors laundit at the coast juist ootside the temple an asked the name o the place, the natives replied "媽閣" (jyutping:Maa1 Gok3). The Portuguese then named the peninsula "Macau".[8] The present Chinese name (澳門) means "Inlet Gates".

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Macau is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]