Cantonese or Staundart Cantonese is a leid spoken in an aroond the ceety o Canton (now Guangzhou) in soothren Cheenae, bi the majority population o Hong Kong an Macau, an as a lingua franca o Guangdong province, eastren Guangxi province, an some neighborin auries. It is uised in Hong Kong an Macau as the de facto offeecial spoken leid o government an instruction in schools. It is spoken bi owerseas Cheenese communities in Canadae, Peru, Panama, the Unitit States an Australie, as well as throughout Europe an Sootheast Asie, being the maist widely spoken Cheenese leid an a lingua franca in mony o these communities. While the same "Cantonese" generally refers narrowly tae the Hong Kong-Guangzhou dialect, it is also uised in a broader sense for the Yue branch o Cheenese, which includes relatit dialects such as Taishanese.
The Cantonese leid is an aa viewed as pairt o the cultural identity for the native speakers athort lairge swathes o soothren Cheenae. Although Cantonese shares muckle vocabulary an grammatical structure with Mandarin Cheenese, the twa leids are no mutually intelligible, in lairge pairt acause o pronunciation differences.
In Inglis, the term "Cantonese" is ambiguous. Cantonese proper is the dialect native tae the ceety o Canton, which is the traditional Inglis name o Guangzhou, an later brought tae Hong Kong an Macau; this narrow sense mey be specified as "Canton dialect" or "Guangzhou dialect" in Inglis.
Housomeivver, "Cantonese" mey an aa refer tae the primary branch o Cheenese which contains Cantonese proper as well as Taishanese an Gaoyang; this broader uisage mey be specified as "Yue" (粤). In this airticle, "Cantonese" will be uised for Cantonese proper.
- Cantonese: a comprehensive grammar, p.5, Stephen Matthews and Virginia Yip, Routledge, 1994
- Cantonese as written language: the growth of a written Chinese vernacular, p. 48, Donald B. Snow, Hong Kong University Press, 2004
- Ramsey and Ethnologue, respectively