Turku

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Turku
TurkuÅbo
City
Turun kaupunki
Åbo stad
Top:Aerial view o Turku frae Turku Cathedral, 2nt left:Statue o Per Brahe, 2nt middle:Turku Castle, 2nt richt:Turku Cathedral, 3rd left:Turku Medieval Mercat, 3rd middle:The Christmas Peace Balcony o Turku, 3rd richt:Twilicht in Aura River, Bottom left:Simmer in Aura River, Bottom richt:View o Yliopistonkatu pedestrian aurie

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 60°27′N 022°16′E / 60.450°N 22.267°E / 60.450; 22.267Coordinates: 60°27′N 022°16′E / 60.450°N 22.267°E / 60.450; 22.267
Kintra Finland
Region Finland Proper
Sub-region Turku sub-region
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • City 306.37 km2 (118.29 sq mi)
 • Land 245.67 km2 (94.85 sq mi)
 • Water 60.7 km2 (23.4 sq mi)
 • Urban 252.65 km2 (97.55 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,331.1 km2 (900.0 sq mi)
Area rank 277t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[3]
 • City 181,569
 • Rank 5t lairgest in Finland
 • Density 0/km2 (0/sq mi)
 • Urban 252,468[2]
 • Urban density 999,3/km2 (25,880/sq mi)
 • Metro 303,492
Population bi native leid[4]
 • Finnish 88.1% (official)
 • Swadish 5.2% (official)
 • Ithers 6.7%
Population bi age[5]
 • 0 tae 14 13.1%
 • 15 tae 64 69.5%
 • 65 or older 17.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 20000–20960
Municipal tax rate[6] 18.75%
Website www.turku.fi

Turku (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈturku] ( listen); Swadish: Åbo[ˈoːbu] ( listen); Estonie: Turu) is a ceety situatit on the soothwast coast o Finland at the mooth o the Aura River.[7][8] It is locatit in the region o Finland Proper. It is believed that Turku came intae existence durin the end o the 13t century whilk maks it the auldest ceety in Finland. Turku quickly became the maist important ceety in Finland an retained that status for hunders o years till Finland became pairt o the Roushie Empire in 1809 an the caipital o the Grand Duchy o Finland wis transferred tae Helsinki in 1812. Efter that Turku continued tae be the maist populous ceety in Finland till the end o the 1840s. The day Turku remains a regional caipital an is an important location for business an cultur.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Turku is twinned wi:

Turku haes co-operation greements wi the follaein ceeties:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011. 
  2. "Taajamat väkiluvun ja väestöntiheyden mukaan 31.12.2011". Tiedote (in Finnish). Statistics Finland (Tilastokeskus). 2011-12-31. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  3. "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  4. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009. 
  5. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009. 
  6. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011. 
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named turku_stats
  8. 'Aluetietopankki' at the Kuntaliitto website
  9. "Gdańsk Official Website: 'Miasta partnerskie'" (in Polish & English). © 2009 Urząd Miejski w Gdańsku. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  10. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2008 Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 2008-10-26.