Mariehamn

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Mariehamn
Toun
Mariehamns stad
The museum ship Pommern is anchored in the wastren o Mariehamn's twa harbours, Västerhamn.

Coat of arms
Location o Mariehamn in Finland
Mariehamn is located in Åland
Mariehamn
Mariehamn
Location in Åland
Coordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.100°N 19.933°E / 60.100; 19.933Coordinates: 60°06′N 019°56′E / 60.100°N 19.933°E / 60.100; 19.933
Kintra Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Mariehamn
Chairter 1861
Government
 • Toun manager Ritva Sarin-Grufberg
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 20.75 km2 (8.01 sq mi)
 • Land 11.79 km2 (4.55 sq mi)
 • Water 8.96 km2 (3.46 sq mi)
Area rank 335t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Total 11,286
 • Rank 92nt lairgest in Finland
 • Density 0/km2 (0/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Swadish 87.7% (official)
 • Finnish 5.8%
 • Ithers 6.5%
Population bi age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 14.8%
 • 15 tae 64 67.8%
 • 65 or older 17.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 16.5%
Website www.mariehamn.ax

Mariehamn (Finnish: Maarianhamina‎) is the caipital o the Åland Islands, an autonomous territory unner Finnish sovereignty. Mariehamn is the seat o the Govrenment an Parliament o Åland, an 40% o the population o Åland live in the ceety. Like aw o Åland, Mariehamn is unilingually Swadish-speakin an aroond 88% o the inhabitants speak it as their native leid.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun wis named efter Maria Alexandrovna, the Empress consort o Alexander II o Roushie. Mariehamn wis foondit in 1861, aroond the veelage o Övernäs, in wha wis at the time pairt o the municipality o Jomala. The ceety haes syne expandit an incorporatit mair o Jomala territory. The ceety is locatit on a peninsula, an haes twa important harbours, ane locatit on the wastren shore an ane on the eastren shore. The Wastren Harbour is an important internaitional harbour wi daily traffic tae Swaden an mainland Finland. A pouerful incentive for Baltic ferries tae stop at Mariehamn is that, wi respect tae indirect taxation, Åland is no pairt o the EU customs zone an so duty-free guids can be sauld aboard. Mariehamn Airport is locatit in the neighbourin municipality o Jomala, some 3 kilometres (2 mi) north-wast o Mariehamn ceety centre.

The Eastren Harbour in Mariehamn.

Åland an Mariehamn hae a reputable heritage in shippin. The Flying P-Liner Pommern museum ship is anchored in the Wastren Harbour. The Eastren Harbour features ane o the lairgest marinas in Scandinavie. The famous Dutch steamer Jan Nieveen (nou cried F.P. von Knorring, efter Åland teacher an vicar Frans Peter von Knorring) can an aa be foond here.

The ceety is an important centre for Åland media; baith o the local newspapers (Ålandstidningen an Nya Åland), several radio stations an the local TV channels (TV Åland an Åland24) operate oot o the ceety.

Mariehamn features several biggins drawn bi Finnish airchitect Lars Sonck, who muivit tae Åland as a child. Biggins drawn bi him include the kirk o Mariehamn (1927), the main biggin o the Åland Maritime College (1927) an the toun haw (1939). Hilda Hongell haes an aa designed several biggins, although anerlie a few are still staundin.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Saunt George's kirk

A chairt on population growth.

Year
Population
1987
9,966
1990
10,263
1997
10,408
2000
10,488
2002
10,632
2004
10,712
2006
10,824
2008
11,005
2009
11,123

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mariehamn is twinned wi:[6]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Air Åland haes its heid office on the grunds o Mariehamn Airport in Mariehamn.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011. 
  2. "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009. 
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009. 
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011. 
  6. Mariehamns stads vänorter. Accessed May 27, 2008
  7. "Contact information." Air Åland. Retrieved on 25 February 2010.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]