Sottunga

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Sottunga
Municipality
Sottunga kommun
The soothern end o Storsottunga as seen frae a passin ferry in 2004

Coat of arms
Location o Sottunga in Finland
Sottunga is located in Åland
Sottunga
Sottunga
Location in Åland Islands
Coordinates: 60°08′N 020°40′E / 60.133°N 20.667°E / 60.133; 20.667
Kintra Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Archipelago sub-region
Chairter 1959
Government
 • Municipal manager Christer von Essen
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 342.46 km2 (132.22 sq mi)
 • Land 28.05 km2 (10.83 sq mi)
 • Water 314.41 km2 (121.39 sq mi)
Area rank 266t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Total 104
 • Rank 336t lairgest in Finland
 • Density 0/km2 (0/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Swadish 88.7% (official)
 • Finnish 8.7%
 • Ithers 2.6%
Population bi age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 10.4%
 • 15 tae 64 60.9%
 • 65 or older 28.7%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18%
Website www.sottunga.ax

Sottunga is an island municipality o the Åland Islands, an autonomous territory o Finland. The municipality is the smawest when it comes tae population in Åland an in Finland, wi a population o anerlie 110 (31 Januar 2011) an covers an aurie o 342.46 square kilometres (132.22 sq mi) o which 314.41 km2 (121.39 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 3.92 inhabitants per square kilometre (10.2 /sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Swadish, wi 88.7% o the inhabitants speakin Swadish as their native leid.[3] Sottunga comprises mony islands, o which anerlie three, Husö, Finnö an Storsottunga, are inhabitit. Storsottunga is uisually cried Sottunga. There are five veelages in the municipality: Finnö, Husö, Hästö, Mosshaga an Sottunga. The heichest point o Sottunga is Kasberget (25 m).

Sottunga can be reached bi ferry frae Långnäs in Lumparland an Galtby in Korpo an mony ferries pass the island athoot makkin a stop.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Like the rest o Eastren Åland, Sottunga got its first permanent inhabitants sometime in the 11t century, although there is evidence that the island haes haed inhabitants lang afore that. The name Sottunga itsel is thought tae predate the 11t century. In the 17t century there wur some ten hoosehaulds on the island an aboot 70 inhabitants.

Sottunga haes suffered durin mony wars, first durin the Great Northern War in 1714–22 when aw o Åland fled tae Swaden an again durin the Finnish War o 1808-09 when aw the biggins on the island wur set on fire in order tae prevent them frae fawin intae enemy hands. In 1800, afore the Finnish War, the island haed been visitit bi Keeng Gustaf Adolf. Later durin the Winter War o 1939–40 the island wis bombed bi the Soviet Union. The bombs wur responsible for the sinkin o the cargo ship s/s Notung in 1940 juist northeast o Sottunga.

The population o Sottunga reached its peak in the 1920s wi aboot 400 inhabitants frae which it haes gradually declined durin the 20t century.

Sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The kirk o Sottunga wis oreeginally built in 1661. The modren kirk on the steid wis built in 1728 efter a fire haed destroyed the oreeginal ane. It is the smawest wooden kirk in Finland. Its clock touer wis built in 1770 an the biggin wis renovatit in 1802. The paintin at the altar wis made bi P. Berggren in Stockholm, Swaden, in 1845.

Afore the kirk wis built Sottunga haed a chapel which wis built in 1544 an which wis approximately ane kilometer away frae the contemporary kirk.

On the island o Södö there are auld mines datin back tae the 19t century. Anerlie 1,700 tons o iron ore wur iver mined atween the years 1839 an 1847 when the mines wur operatin. The day the island is uninhabitit but open tae visitors.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sottunga does no hae mony inhabitants an so the island haes anerlie ane bank, ane post office, ane primary schuil an ane healthcare center. Anerlie 1.54 km2 (0.59 sq mi) is cultivatit an commercial fishin is no practiced onymair. The industry o the island is dominatit bi dairy products an the cultivation o sugar beet.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011. 
  2. "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009. 
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009. 
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Sottunga at Wikimedie Commons