Faroe Islands

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Faroe Islands
Føroyar
Færøerne
Banner Coat o Airms
(Banner) (Coat o Airms)
Motto: nane
Faroe Islands
Offeecial leid Faroese, Dens
Caipital Tórshavn
Lairgest ceety Tórshavn
Guvrenment 
 - Monarch
 - Heich Commissioner
 - Prime Meenister
Margrethe II
Dan M. Knudsen
Kaj Leo Johannesen 
Area
 - Tot
 - % watter

1,399 km²
0.5%
Population
 - 2010
 - 2007 census
 - Density
 
48,917
48,760
35/km²
Foondin
 - Unified wi Norrowey
 - Cedit tae Denmark
 - Hame rule
 
1035
14 Januar 1814
1 Aprile 1948;
Siller Faroese króna (DKK)
Time zone UTC + 1, Simmer: UTC + 1
Naitional anthem Tú alfagra land mítt
(Thou, ma maist beauteous land)
Internet TLD .fo
Cawin code 298

The Faroe Islands or Faroes (Faroese: Føroyar, meanin Hogg Isles, Dens: Færøerne) is a smaw curn o islands in the Nor' Atlantic Ocean atween Scotland, Norawa an Iceland. It haes close tradeetional an cultural ties wi the ither Nordic kintras, as weel as Shetland an Orkney. The Faroe Islands are a sel-govrenin territory athin the Kinrick o Denmark, alang wi Denmark proper an Greenland. The total aurie is approximately 1,400 km² (540 sq mi) wi a 2010 population o amaist 50,000.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tho the Islands micht hae been settelt bi Irish monks in the sievent century, this canna be pruiven. Whit is certain, an weel documentit is that bi the middle o the aicht century Norse settlers cam til the Islands an made it an important centre for vaiges atween Ireland, Iceland, The Hebrides, Shetland, Orkney an Scandinavie. They begoud their ain pairliaments, cried things, the maist important ane bein in Tórshavn, that's the caipital ceety o the Faroe Islands the day. Christianity wis brocht til the Islands at the hint-end o the first millennium, replacin the auld Norse paganism. No lang efter, the Faroes cam unner the waldin o the Norwegian kings. Efter the Norwegian croun cam unner Dens waldin, the Faroes becam pairt o Denmark, an hae bid sae sinsyne.

In the middle o the 19t century, the Faroese fowk stairtit tae become kenspeckle for bein dab-haundit at the fishin, as weel as bein braw sailors, an sinsyne the fishin haes been the heidmaist soorce o siller incomin til the kintra.

The Hame Waldin Constitution o 1948 gied faur-raxin richts tae the Faroese fowk, tho mony Faroese fowk aye wants tae become unthirled frae Denmark awthegither. Housome'er, the jaloused ile resoources affshore haes yet tae kythe, an till they dae (gin they iver dae) the muivment for fou unthirldom isna likely tae win.

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Releegion is a gey important pairt o Faroese cultur, the muckle feck o fowk in the kintra is Christians; mair nor 80% o the kintra's indwallers belangs the Evangelical Lutheran Kirk. 10% belangs the Christian Brethren. Tho the kintra haes Viking Pagan ruits, there isna ony orginised Ásatrú body, unlike in Iceland an ither Noric kintras.

Gaun by tradeetion, Christianity wis brocht til the Islands in 999 by a chiel cried Sigmundur Brestisson, tho some scholars threaps that Celtic monks micht hae taen it there 150 year afore that. The Reformation in the Faroes wis throu bi 1540 - twinty year afore Scotland. The first fou translate o the Bible frae the oreeginal leids intil Faroese wis duin in 1961.

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist important soorce o siller for the kintra is the fishin industry. Mair nor 97% o the kintra's export vollum is fish products. The seicont maist muckle industry is tourism, an then oo an ither manufactured products.

Status[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is pairt o the Kinrick o Denmark, but haes haed autonomous status syne 1948. Langsyne it wis pairt o Norrowey, but became unthirled frae that kintra in 1814. Alang wi Greenland it is pairt o the Rigsfællesskab, an unoffeecial Dens term for the autonomous relationship atween Denmark, Greenland an the Faroes. It haes representation on the Nordic Cooncil as pairt o the Dens delegation.

Ower time maist maiters haes been resered tae the hame rule o the Faroes, cept defence (tho they hae their ain coast gaird), fremmit affairs an the legal seestem is aw govrened bi Denmark.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ofeecial leids o the Faroes is Faroese an Dens. Forby thon maist fowk haes a guid ken o Inglis an mony haes German an aw.

Faroese comes frae the Auld Norse, an there is anecdotal evidents that Faroese an Norn wis mutually intelligable, an that whan fishermen frae the Faroes met wi fowk frae Shetland an Orkney they coud unnerstaund ilk ither gey weel gin they spak their ain leids.

Antrin bitties[eedit | eedit soorce]

As wi the ither Nordic kintras, the Faroe Islands hae a heich staundart o leevin, an guid life exspectancy - 79.49 year. The HIV/AIDS rate is unco laich, an the percentage o fowk bidin ablo the puirtith-line is negligable.

The Islands haes nae raigular airmy, defence issues bein the responsibeelity o Denmark.

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]