Espoo – Esbo
|• Ceety manager||Jukka Mäkelä|
|• Total||528.14 km2 (203.92 sq mi)|
|• Land||312.26 km2 (120.56 sq mi)|
|• Water||215.88 km2 (83.35 sq mi)|
|Area rank||221st lairgest in Finland|
|• Rank||2nt lairgest in Finland|
|• Density||0/km2 (0/sq mi)|
|Population bi native leid|
|• Finnish||83.6% (official)|
|• Swadish||8.3% (official)|
|Population bi age|
|• 0 tae 14||19.7%|
|• 15 tae 64||69.8%|
|• 65 or older||10.5%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||17.75%|
|Website||www.espoo.fi (Finnish) (Swadish) (Inglis)|
Espoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈespoː]; Swadish: Esbo, [ˈɛsbo]) is the seicont lairgest ceety an municipality in Finland. The population o the ceety o Espoo is 234,930 (Mairch 31, 2010). It is pairt o the Helsinki Metropolitan Aurie alang with the ceeties o Helsinki, Vantaa, an Kauniainen. Espoo shares its eastren border with Helsinki an Vantaa, while enclosing Kauniainen. Today, Espoo is the anerlie municipality in Finland to fully enclose another municipality. The ceety is on the shore o the Gulf o Finland, in the region o Uusimaa.
Espoo encompasses 528 square kilometres (204 sq mi), o which 312 km2 (120 sq mi) is land.
Espoo has several local regional centers. Espoo is thus divided into seven major areas (Finnish: suuralueet, Swadish: storområden): Vanha-Espoo (with administrative center), Suur-Espoonlahti, Pohjois-Espoo, Suur-Kauklahti, Suur-Leppävaara, Suur-Matinkylä and Suur-Tapiola.
The Helsinki University o Technology is based in Otaniemi, Espoo, alang with a thriving science community that includes numerous startups an organizations such as VTT – the Technical Research Center o Finland. Nokia, the telecommunications company, is headquartered in Keilaniemi, Espoo, alang with other high-tech companies such as KONE, Tekla and Fortum.
The ceety o Espoo is offeecially bilingual. The majority o the population speaks Finnish as their mither tongue an they staund at 83.6% o the population. The minority speaks Finland Swadish an they stand at 8.3 percent o the population. Espoo's population that haes a first leid ither than Finnish or Swadish staund at 8% o the population.
Twin touns – Sister ceeties
Espoo is twinned wi:
- "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish an Swadish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.
- "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.09.2012" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.