Dongguan

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For ither uisses, see Dongguan (disambiguation).
Dongguan
东莞
Prefectur-level ceety
东莞市
Frae top left:Guanyinshan , Dongguan Avenue (Central Business Destrict), Humen Pearl River Bridge, & Keyuan
Location o Dongguan in Guangdong
Dongguan is located in China
Dongguan
Dongguan
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 23°2′N 113°43′E / 23.033°N 113.717°E / 23.033; 113.717
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Guangdong
Foondit 331 AD
Government
 • CPC Committee Secretar Xu Jianhua (徐建华)
 • Mayor Yuan Baocheng (袁宝成)
Area
 • Total 2,465 km2 (952 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,220,237
 • Density 3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)
Time zone Cheenae Staundart Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 523000
Area code(s) 769
Licence plate prefixes 粤S
- Total ¥ 424.6 billion (2010)
- Per capita ¥ 53,285 (2008)
Ceety flouer Yulan magnolia
Magnolia denudata
Website http://www.dongguan.gov.cn/
Dongguan
Simplifee'd Cheenese 东莞
Traditional Cheenese 東莞
Cantonese Jyutping Dung1 gun2
Cantonese Yale Dūnggún
Hanyu Pinyin Dōngguǎn
Literal meanin Smiling east

Dōngguǎn (Cheenese: 东莞), is a prefectur-level ceety in central Guangdong province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae.

An important industrial ceety locatit in the Pearl River Delta, Dongguan borders the provincial caipital o Guangzhou tae the north, Huizhou tae the northeast, Shenzhen tae the sooth, an the Pearl River tae the wast.

It is hame tae the warld's lairgest, tho maistly empty, shoppin maw an aw, New South China Mall. Ceety admeenistration is considered especially progressive in seekin foreign direct investment. The three neebourin municipalities o Guangzhou, Dongguan, an Shenzhen are hame tae ower 25 million residents, accoontin for a lairge proportion o the Pearl River Delta Region's population.[1]

Dongguan ranks ahint anerlie Shenzhen, Shanghai an Suzhou in exports amang Cheenese ceeties, wi $65.54 billion in shipments.

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dongguan haes nae intermediate coonty level; insteid it is dividit intae 32 touns (destricts) an each o thaim is possessin its awn distinct characteristics:

Map
Dongguan mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 Census) Aurie (km²) Densitie (/km²)
Chengzhen Aurie 303,966 24.8 12,256.69
1 Guancheng Destrict 莞城区 Guǎnchéng Qū 162,116 13.5 12,008.59
31 Shilong Toun 石龙镇 Shílóng Zhèn 141,850 11.3 12,553.09
Shuixiang Aurie 1,109,686 315.0 3,522.81
4 Wanjiang Destrict 万江区 Wànjiāng Qū 244,765 50.5 4,846.83
5 Gaobu Toun 高埗镇 Gāobù Zhèn 217,436 30.0 7,247.86
6 Zhongtang Toun 中堂镇 Zhōngtáng Zhèn 139,563 60.0 2,326.05
7 Machong Toun 麻涌镇 Máchǒng Zhèn 118,062 74.0 1,595.43
8 Wangniudun Toun 望牛墩镇 Wàngniúdūn Zhèn 84,786 31.5 2,685.65
10 Hongmei Toun 洪梅镇 Hóngméi Zhèn 58,114 33.0 1,761.03
32 Shijie Toun 石碣镇 Shíjié Zhèn 246,960 36.0 6,860.00
Yanhai Aurie 2,061,759 572.3 3,602.58
9 Daojiao Toun 道滘镇 Dàojiào Zhèn 143,107 63.0 2,271.53
11 Shatian Toun 沙田镇 Shātián Zhèn 177,482 107.0 1,658.71
12 Houjie Toun 厚街镇 Hòujiē Zhèn 438,283 126.0 3,478.43
13 Humen Toun 虎门镇 Hǔmén Zhèn 638,657 178.5 3,577.91
14 Chang'an Toun 长安镇 Cháng'ān Zhèn 664,230 97.8 6,791.71
Qiuling Aurie 1,733,155 523.5 3,310.70
2 Dongcheng Destrict 东城区 Dōngchéng Qū 492,875 110.0 4,480.68
15 Dalingshan Toun 大岭山镇 Dàlǐngshān Zhèn 279,414 110.0 2,540.12
16 Dalang Toun 大朗镇 Dàlǎng Zhèn 310,889 118.0 2,634.65
17 Huangjiang Toun 黄江镇 Huángjiāng Zhèn 231,399 98.0 2,361.21
28 Liaobu Toun 寮步镇 Liáobù Zhèn 418,578 87.5 4783.74
Shanqu Aurie 1,345,880 575.3 2,339.44
19 Fenggang Toun 凤岗镇 Fènggǎng Zhèn 318,971 82.5 3,866.31
18 Tangxia Toun 塘厦镇 Tángxià Zhèn 482,067 128.0 3,766.14
20 Qingxi Toun 清溪镇 Qīngxī Zhèn 312,639 143.0 2,186.28
21 Zhangmutou Toun 樟木头镇 Zhāngmùtou Zhèn 132,816 118.8 1,117.97
22 Xiegang Toun 谢岗镇 Xiègǎng Zhèn 99,387 103.0 964.92
Putian Aurie 1,624,473 458.5 3,543.01
3 Nancheng Destrict 南城区 Nánchéng Qū 289,255 59.0 4,902.62
23 Changping Toun 常平镇 Chángpíng Zhèn 386,378 108.0 3,577.57
24 Qiaotou Toun 桥头镇 Qiáotóu Zhèn 166,774 56.0 2,978.10
25 Qishi Toun 企石镇 Qǐshí Zhèn 121,693 51.0 2,386.13
26 Hengli Toun 横沥镇 Hénglì Zhèn 204,830 50.0 4,096.60
27 Dongkeng Toun 东坑镇 Dōngkēng Zhèn 138,819 27.5 5,047.96
29 Chashan Toun 茶山镇 Cháshān Zhèn 156,522 51.0 3,069.05
30 Shipai Toun 石排镇 Shípái Zhèn 160,202 56.0 2,860.75

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awtho the earliest traces o human habitation in the aurie stretch back 5,000 years, Dongguan's emergence as a true ceety is a recent phenonomenon.

In 1839, at the ootset o the First Opium War, lairge quantities o seizit opium wur burned in the local toun o Humen. Several o the major battles o the war wur focht here in this aurie.

Durin the Seicont Warld War, the ceety servit as the base for guerilla resistance against the Japanese occupation.[2]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guan Yin Shan (Kuan Yin Muntain) in Dongguan, Cheenae

The urban centre o Dongguan is 50 km awa frae that o Guangzhou tae its north, 90 km awa frae Shenzhen tae its sooth, 47 nautical miles (87 km) awa frae Hong Kong an 48 nautical miles (89 km) frae Macau bi watterwa. Dongguan is a must-pass-bi locality frae Guangzhou tae Hong Kong bi road or watterwey.

O the total aurie o Dongguan, 27% is watter, 25% forest laund, an 13% ploughed laund, while 35% o its laund aurie haes been fully developit.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate o Dongguan is humid subtropical. It lees juist sooth o the Tropic o Cancer. The average temperatur is 22.8 °C (73.0 °F) throuoot the year. The average rainfaw is 1,756.8 millimetres (69.17 in).[3]

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dongguan haed an estimatit 6,949,800 inhabitants at the end o 2008, amang whom 1,748,700 wur local residents an 5,201,100 permanent migrants frae ither pairts o the kintra. At the 2010 Census the population haed reacht 8,220,237.

Dongguan is a kent hometown for mony owerseas Cheenese an aw, the faimily oreegin o ower 700,000 fowk in Hong Kong, Taiwan an Macau an ower 200,000 naitionals livin abroad.

International relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dongguan is twinned wi:

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Livable Dongguan". Liveable.dg.gov.cn. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  2. Dongguan - History, Dongguan Government
  3. "Livable Dongguan". Liveable.dg.gov.cn. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  4. "Donguan Forges Sister-city Relations With Hartford". People's Daily. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  5. "Dongguan and Thessaloniki Formed Sisterhood (in Chinese)". City of Dongguan. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  6. >"Dongguan and Asan Formed Sisterhood (in Chinese)". City of Dongguan. Retrieved 2013-11-19. 
Economic data

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]