Hyderabad

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Hyderabad
హైదరాబాద్
حیدرآباد
Metropolis
A montage o images relatit tae Hyderabad ceety.
Clockwise frae top left: Charminar, Birla Mandir, Hussain Sagar, Golconda Fort, Skyline at Lanco Hills an Chowmahalla Palace.
Nickname(s): Ceety o Pearls
Hyderabad is located in Andhra Pradesh
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Location o Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, Indie
Coordinates: 17°21′58″N 78°28′34″E / 17.36611°N 78.47611°E / 17.36611; 78.47611
Kintra Indie
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Deccan
Destricts Hyderabad, Rangareddy an Medak
Foondit 1591 AD
Founded by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah
Government
 • Type Mayor–Cooncil
 • Body GHMC, HMDA
 • MP Asaduddin Owaisi
 • Mayor Mohammad Majid Hussain
 • Polis commissioner Anurag Sharma
Area
 • Metropolis 650 km2 (250 sq mi)
 • Metro 7,100 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolis 6,809,970
 • Rank 4t
 • Density 18,480/km2 (47,900/sq mi)
 • Metro 7,749,334
 • Metro rank 6t
Demonym Hyderabadi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode(s) 500 xxx, 501 xxx, 502 xxx, 508 xxx, 509 xxx
Area code(s) +91–40, 8413, 8414, 8415, 8417, 8418, 8453, 8455
Vehicle registration AP-09,AP-10,AP-11,AP-12,AP-13,AP-23,AP-28,AP-29
Offeecial leids Telugu an Urdu
Website ghmc.gov.in

Hyderabad Listeni/ˈhdərəbæd/ is the caipital an lairgest ceety o the soothren Indie state o Andhra Pradesh. Occupeein 650 square kilometres (250 sq mi) alang the banks o the Musi River, it haes a population o 6.8 million an a metropolitan population o 7.75 million, makkin it the fowert maist populous ceety an saxt maist populous urban agglomeration in Indie. At an average altitude o 542 metres (1,778 ft), hintle o Hyderabad is situatit on hilly terrain aroond airtificial lochs, includin Hussain Sagar—predatin the ceety's foondin—north o the ceety centre.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Establisht in 1591 bi Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, Hyderabad remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty for nearly a century afore the Mughals captured the region. In 1724, Mughal viceroy Asif Jah I declared his sovereignty an creatit his awn dynasty, kent as the Nizams o Hyderabad an aw. The Hyderabad State ultimately became a princely state durin Breetish rule, an remained so for 150 years, wi the ceety servin as its caipital. The city continued as capital of a new Hyderabad State after joining the Union o Indie in 1948 and before attaining its current status as the focal point o Andhra Pradesh in 1956. Hyderabad is expectit tae be pairt o Telangana when the new state is carvit oot o Andhra Pradesh.

Relics o Qutb Shahi an Nizam rule remain visible the day, wi the Charminar—commissioned bi Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah hissel—comin tae seembolise Hyderabad. That legacy is evident in the ceety's distinctive cuisine an aw, which includes Hyderabadi biriyani an Hyderabadi haleem. The Qutb Shahis an Nizams establisht Hyderabad as a cultural hub, attractin men o letters frae different pairts o the warld. Hyderabad emergit as the foremaist centre o cultur in Indie wi the decline o the Mughal Empire in the mid-19t century, wi airtists migratin tae the ceety frae the rest o the Indie subcontinent. While Hyderabad is luisin its cultural preeminence, the day, due tae the Telugu film industrie, it is the kintra's seicont-lairgest producer city of motion pictures.

Hyderabad wis historically kent as a pearl an diamond tradin centre, an it continues tae be kent as the Ceety o Pearls. Mony o the ceety's tradeetional bazaars, includin Laad Bazaar, Begum Bazaar an Sultan Bazaar, have remained open for centuries. Housomeivver, industrialisation throuoot the 20t century haes attractit major Indie manufacturin, research an financial institutions an aw, includin the Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, National Geophysical Research Institute an the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. Special economic zones dedicatit tae information technology hae encouragit companies frae athort Indie an aroond the warld tae set up operations an the emergence of pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries in the 1990s led tae the title o "Genome Valley". Wi a ootput o US$74 billion, Hyderabad is the fift-lairgest contributor ceety tae Indie's oweraw gross domestic product.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

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