Johannesburg

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Johannesburg
View o Johannesburg CBD frae Braamfontein

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Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Joburg; Jozi; Egoli (Place o Gowd); Gauteng (Place o Gowd); Maboneng (Ceety o Lichts)
Motto: "Unity in development"[1]
Johannesburg is located in South Africa
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg location athin Sooth Africae
Coordinates: 26°12′16″S 28°2′44″E / 26.20444°S 28.04556°E / -26.20444; 28.04556
Kintra Sooth Africae
Province Gauteng
Municipality City of Johannesburg
Region [[Regions o Johannesburg|Template:Metadata South Africa/Joburg regions]]
Established 1886[2]
Government
 • Mayor Parks Tau (ANC)[3]
Area[4]
 • City 508.69 km2 (196.41 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,644.96 km2 (635.12 sq mi)
Elevation 1,753 m (5,751 ft)
Population (2001 city; 2007 metro)[4]
 • City 1,009,035
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 3,888,180
 • Metro density 2,400/km2 (6,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2001)[4]
 • Black African 48.7%
 • Coloured 17.1%
 • Indian/Asian 11.2%
 • White 22.9%
First languages (2001)[4]
 • Inglis 37.1%
 • Zulu 17.3%
 • Afrikaans 16.0%
 • Sotho 5.7%
 • Other 23.9%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 011
Website joburg.org.za

Johannesburg (English: /dʒoʊˈhænɪsbɜrɡ/, Afrikaans: [joˈhɑnəsbʏrx]) an aa kent as Jozi, Jo'burg or eGoli, is the lairgest ceety in Sooth Africae. Johannesburg is the provincial caipital o Gauteng, the weelthiest province in Sooth Africae, haein the lairgest economy o ony metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africae. The ceety is ane o the 40 lairgest metropolitan auries in the warld,[6] an is an aa the warld's lairgest ceety na situatit on a river, lake, or coastline.[7]

While Johannesburg is no offeecially ane o Sooth Africae's three caipital ceeties, it does hoose the Constitutional Court Sooth Africae's heichest court. The ceety is the source o a lairge-scale gowd an diamond trade, due tae its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range o hills. Johannesburg is served bi O.R. Tambo Internaitional Airport, the lairgest an busiest airport in Africae an a gateway for internaitional air travel tae an frae the rest o soothren Africae. Mair recently Lanseria Internaitional Airport haes stairtit internaitional flichts an is situatit conveniently on the opposite side o the metropolis.

Accordin tae the 2007 Community Survey, the population o the municipal ceety wis 3,888,180 an the population o the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area wis 7,151,447. A broader definition o the Johannesburg metropolitan aurie, includin Ekhuruleni, the Wast Rand, Soweto an Lenasia, haes a population o 10,267,700. The municipal ceety's land aurie o 1,645 km2 (635 sq mi) is very lairge when compared tae ither ceeties, resultin in a moderate population density o 2,364 /km2 (6,120 /sq mi).

Johannesburg includes Soweto, which wis a separate ceety frae the late 1970s until the 1990s. Oreeginally an acronym for "SOuth-WEstern TOwnships", Soweto oreeginatit as a collection o settlements on the ootskirts o Johannesburg populated maistly bi native African wirkers in the gowd minin industry. Eventually incorporatit intae Johannesburg, the apartheid regime (in pouer 1949–1994) separatit Soweto frae the rest o Johannesburg tae make it a completely Black aurie. Lenasie is nou an aa pairt o Johannesburg an is an aurie predominantly populatit bi those o Indian ethnicity syne the apartheid era.

Gauteng is growin rapidly due tae mass urbanisation which is a feature o mony developin kintras. Accordin tae the State o the Ceeties Report, the urban portion o Gauteng comprisin primarily the ceeties o Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni (the East Rand) an Tshwane (greater Pretoria) will be a polycentric urban region wi a projectit population o some 14.6 million fowk bi 2015.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Johannesburg's twin touns an sister ceeties are:[8]

Kintra Ceety
Ethiopie Addis Ababa
Azerbaijan Baku
Unitit Kinrick Birmingham
Unitit Kinrick Lunnon
Indie Mumbai
Indie New Delhi
Unitit States New York Ceety
Namibie Windhoek
Brazil São Paulo
Brazil Rio de Janeiro
Nepal Kathmandu

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Johannesburg (South Africa)". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 9 December 2010. 
  2. "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)". pp. xlv–lii. 
  3. "City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality". Gauteng Department of Local Government. Retrieved 29 September 2008. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Main Place Johannesburg". Census 2001. 
  5. Statistics South Africa, Community Survey, 2007, Basic Results Municipalities (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
  6. &Copy; Th. Brinkhoff (2010-01-23). "Principal Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  7. "Johannesburg". Southafrica.to. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  8. "Twinning agreements". Making Joburg an entry point into Africa. City of Johannesburg. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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