Benxi

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Benxi
本溪
Prefectur-level ceety
本溪市
Location o Benxi Ceety jurisdiction in Liaoning
Benxi is located in Liaoning
Benxi
Benxi
Location o the ceety centre in Liaoning
Coordinates: 41°18′N 123°46′E / 41.300°N 123.767°E / 41.300; 123.767
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Liaoning
Destricts an Coonties
Government
 • CPC Benxi Committee Secretary
 • Mayor Gang Rui
Area
 • Prefectur-level ceety 8,411 km2 (3,248 sq mi)
 • Urban 747 km2 (288 sq mi)
Elevation 131 m (430 ft)
Population (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefectur-level ceety 1,709,538
 • Urban 959,610
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Postal code 117000
Area code(s) 414
Licence plates E
Admeenistrative diveesion code 210500
ISO 3166-2 cn-21-05
Website http://www.benxi.gov.cn/en

Benxi (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Běnxī) is a prefectur-level ceety locatit in the east o Liaoning province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, sooth-sootheast o Shenyang. Its population is 1,709,538 at the 2010 census. It wis foondit as a metallurgical center in 1915. Benxi Iron an Steel Company ("Bengang") is the lairgest employer in the ceety, an uised tae be the 4t lairgest steel company in China. The seicont lairgest industry in Benxi is coal minin. Benxi haes pollution problems due tae steel production an coal minin.

The worst coal mining disaster in the warld teuk place on Aprile 26, 1942 in Benxihu Colliery. A coal-dust explosion killed 1,549 miners wirkin that day.

Durin the disaster o Air France flight AF447, Benxi Iron an Steel Company lost 5 employees, includin the executive Chen Chiping who wis the wife o Liaoning's provincial govrenor.[2]

Admeenistrative divisions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Benxi contains 4 destricts an 2 autonomous coonties for the Manchu naition:

Cairt
Benxi mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Pingshan Destrict 平山区 Píngshān Qū 350,000 177 1,977
2 Xihu Destrict 溪湖区 Xīhú Qū 220,000 320 688
3 Mingshan Destrict 明山区 Míngshān Qū 300,000 410 732
4 Nanfen Destrict 南芬区 Nánfēn Qū 80,000 619 129
5 Benxi Manchu Autonomous Coonty 本溪满族
自治县
Běnxī Mǎnzú
Zìzhìxiàn
300,000 3,362 89
6 Huanren Manchu Autonomous Coonty 桓仁满族
自治县
Huánrén Mǎnzú
Zìzhìxiàn
300,000 3,547 85

Within these thare are 25 coonties, 40 veelages an touns, 229 commonties an 289 veelage committees.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Benxi is locatit within latitude 40° 49'−41° 35' N an longitude 123° 34'−125° 46' E, an haes a tot aurie o 8,411.31 square kilometres (3,247.62 sq mi). Tae the east is Jilin Ceety (Jilin), tae the sooth is Dandong, tae the soothwast is Anshan (though the twa don't actually border each ither), tae the wast is Liaoyang, tae the northwast is Shenyang, an tae the north is Fushun. The aurie haes mony muntains as well as great forest coverage (74%).

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Benxi haes a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), characterised bi het, humid simmers, due tae the East Asie monsoon, an lang, cauld an windy, but dry winters, due tae the Siberie anticyclone. The fower saisons here are distinctive. Nearly hauf o the annual rainfaw occurs in Julie an August alone. The monthly 24-oor average temperatur ranges frae −11.5 °C (11.3 °F) in Januar tae 24.0 °C (75.2 °F) in Julie, an the annual mean is 7.83 °C (46.1 °F). The ceety receives 2,325 oors o bricht sunshine annually.

Climate data for Benxi (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) −5
(23)
−1.2
(29.8)
6.3
(43.3)
15.8
(60.4)
22.2
(72.0)
26.4
(79.5)
28.6
(83.5)
28.0
(82.4)
23.0
(73.4)
15.6
(60.1)
5.7
(42.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
13.6
(56.5)
Average laich °C (°F) −16.9
(1.6)
−12.7
(9.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.0
(39.2)
10.4
(50.7)
16.0
(60.8)
19.8
(67.6)
18.6
(65.5)
11.5
(52.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−4.8
(23.4)
−12.8
(9.0)
2.7
(36.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7.9
(0.311)
8.4
(0.331)
17.5
(0.689)
41.9
(1.65)
67.3
(2.65)
95.3
(3.752)
207.9
(8.185)
168.2
(6.622)
75.2
(2.961)
49.1
(1.933)
26.0
(1.024)
11.2
(0.441)
775.9
(30.547)
humidity 64 58 53 50 55 66 76 78 73 64 64 65 63.8
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.0 5.0 6.2 8.2 9.6 12.3 14.3 12.2 8.3 7.6 6.8 4.8 100.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.4 186.5 220.5 230.2 240.8 213.0 173.5 183.0 203.7 200.8 161.1 147.5 2,325
Percent possible sunshine 56 63 60 58 54 48 38 43 55 59 55 52 52
Source: Cheenae Meteorological Admeenistration

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Benxi’s economy grew 26% in 2008 tae a regional GDP o 61.1 billion CNY. Urban per-capita disposable income wis 13,300 CNY (1,913 USD), an consumption per capita 10,167 CNY (1,462 USD).

Wi 46 lairge an medium-sized enterprises in Benxi, main industrial products are raw iron (14 million tons), steel (13 million tons), finished steel (12 million tons), cement (3 million tons) an raw coal (1 million tons). In 2008, 92,615 fowk wur employed in manufacturin, 20,368 in eddication, 19,228 in public admeenistration an social organizations, 17,913 persons in the minin industry, an 12,997 in transportation an storage. Accordin tae the type o business ownership, 63,000 wur employed in private companies.[3]

Uranium is mined in the region.

As o 2009, Asie's biggest iron ore mine, which is reportit tae possess mair than 3 billion tons o proven reserves, haes been foond in this region.[1]

Tourist Activities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Benxi Watter Cave Naitional Pairk.

A river 3,000 meters lang, 2 meters deep an wide enough for 20-30 boats, is foond flowin through this cave 35 km (22 mi) frae dountoun Benxi. The cave is an aa filled wi coontless stalactites an stone flouers, pillars an curtains.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. bxgk
  2. "AF447 victim". www.terra.com.br. Retrieved 4 June 2009. 
  3. China Liaoning Business Guide

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]