Nanjing

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Nanjing
南京
Sub-provincial ceety
南京市
Location o Nanjing Ceety in Jiangsu
Nanjing is located in China
Nanjing
Nanjing
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 32°03′N 118°46′E / 32.050°N 118.767°E / 32.050; 118.767
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Jiangsu
Coonty-level 13
Tounship-level 129
Settled 495 BC
Government
 • Type Sub-provincial ceety
 • CPC Ctte Secretary Yang Weize
 • Mayor Miao Ruilin
Area
 • Sub-provincial ceety 6,598 km2 (2,548 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (50 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Sub-provincial ceety 8,109,100
 • Density 1,230/km2 (3,183/sq mi)
 • Urban 7,165,600
Demonym Nanjinger or Nankingese
Time zone Cheenae Staundart Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 210000–211300
Area code(s) 25
GDP (Nominal) 2011
 - Total US$97.3 billion
 - Per caipita US$ 12,010
GDP (PPP) 2011
 - Total US$155.6 billion
 - Per caipita US$ 19,209
 - Growt Increase 12.0%
Licence plate prefixes A
Website Ceety o Nanjing
City trees
Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara),
Platanus × acerifolia[1]
City flowers
Méi (Prunus mume)
Nanjing
Cheenese 南京
Hanyu Pinyin Nánjīng
Literal meanin southern capital

Nanjing (Cheenese: 南京; pinyin: Nánjīng; Mandarin: [nǎntɕíŋ] ( listen); Romanizations: Nánjīng (Pinyin), Nan-ching (Wade-Giles), Nanking (Postal map spellin)) is the caipital o Jiangsu province, Cheenae, an haes a prominent place in Cheenese history an cultur. The ceety's name (南京) means "Soothren Caipital", an wis widely romanisit as 'Nanking' till the Pinyin leid reform, efter which 'Nanjing' became the internaitional staundart spellin o the ceety's name.

Locatit in the lawer Yangtze River drainage basin an Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing haes aye been ane o Cheenae's maist important ceeties. It servit as the caipital o Cheenae durin several historical periods an is recognised as ane o the Fower Great Auncient Caipitals o Cheenae. Nanjing wis the caipital o the Republic o Cheenae afore the Cheenese Ceevil War in 1949. Nanjing is ane o the fifteen sub-provincial ceeties in the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae's admeenistrative structur an aw, enjoyin jurisdictional an economic autonomy anerlie slichtly less than that o a province. Nanjing haes lang been a naitional centre o education, research, transport netwirks, an tourism.

Wi an urban population o ower five million (2006), Nanjing is the seicont lairgest commercial center in the East Cheenae region, efter Shanghai. It haes been ranked fowert bi Forbes magazine in its leetin o "2008 Top 100 Business Ceeties in Mainland Cheenae", seivent in the evaluation o "Ceeties wi Strangest Comprehensive Strength" issued bi the Naitional Statistics Bureau, an seicont in the evaluation o ceeties wi maist sustainable development potential in the Yangtze River Delta. It haes an aa been awardit the title o 2008 Habitat Scroll o Honor o Cheenae, Special Award o UN Habitat Scroll o Honor an Naitional Ceevilized Ceety.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister ceeties an friendship ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nanjing currently haes 18 sister ceeties (auries):

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. A Grass-Roots Fight to Save a ‘Supertree’, The New York Times, 2011-06