Cheenese Ceevil War

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Cheenese Ceevil War
ChineseCivilWarCollage.PNG
Clockwise frae the tap: Communist troops at the Battle o Siping, Muslim soldiers o the NRA, Mao Zedong in the 1930s, Chiang Kai-shek inspectin soldiers, CCP general Su Yu investigatin the front field shortly afore the Menglianggu Campaign
Date 12 Aprile 1927 – September 1937[1]

31 Mairch 1946 – 1 Mey 1950[2][nb 1]

Location Cheenae
Result
Belligerents
1927–1949
Republic o Cheenae

(For fichtin atween factions o the KMT in 1930, see Central Plains War)

1927–1949
Communist Pairty
1949–1950
Banner o Taiwan Republic o Cheenae on Taiwan
1949–1950
Flag of the People's Republic of China Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Commanders an leaders
Chiang Kai-shek

Bai Chongxi
Chen Cheng
Li Zongren
Yan Xishan
He Yingqin
Wang Yaowu
Wei Lihuang
Fu Zuoyi
Liu Chih
Sun Li-jen
Du Yuming
Xue Yue
Zhang Xueliang
Feng Yuxiang (until 1930)

Mao Zedong

Zhu De
Peng Dehuai
Lin Biao
Liu Bocheng
Zhou Enlai
Chen Yi
Deng Xiaoping
Nie Rongzhen
Su Yu
Chen Geng
Xu Xiangqian
Ye Fei
He Long
Ye Ting

Strength
4,300,000 (July 1945)[4]

3,650,000 (Juin 1948)
1,490,000 (Juin 1949)

1,200,000 (Julie 1945)[4]

2,800,000 (Juin 1948)
4,000,000 (Juin 1949)

Casualties an losses
~1.5 million (1945–1949)[5] ~250,000 (1945–1949)[5]
1928–1936: ~2 million Militar Casualties

1945–1949: ~6 million[5]

The Cheenese Ceevil War wis a ceevil war fought atween the Kuomintang (KMT or Cheenese Naitionalist Pairty), the governin pairty o the Republic o Cheenae an the Communist Pairty o Cheenae (CPC).[6] The war began in Aprile 1927, amidst the Northern Expedition.[7] The war representit an ideological split atween the Wastren-supportit Naitionalist KMT, an the Soviet-supportit Communist CPC. In mainland Cheenae the day, the war is mair commonly kent as the War o Liberation.

The civil war continued intermittently till the Seicont Sino-Japanese War interruptit it, resultin in the twa pairties formin a Seicont Unitit Front. Japan's campaign wis defeatit in 1945, markin the end o Warld War II, an Cheenae's full-scale ceevil war resumed in 1946. Efter a further fower years, 1950 saw a cessation o major military hostilities—wi the newly foondit Fowkrepublic o Cheenae controllin mainland Cheenae (includin Hainan Island), an the Republic o Cheenae's jurisdiction being restrictit tae Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu an several ootlyin Fujianese islands. Tae this day, since nae armistice or peace treaty haes iver been signed, there is controversy as tae whether the Ceevil War haes legally endit.[8] The day, the twa sides o the Taiwan strait hae close economic ties.[9]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The conflict did nae hae an offeecial end date. However, historians generally agree that the war subsided efter the fall o Hainan, the KMT's last major stranghauld near the mainland.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "China". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 15 November 2012. 
  2. Gui, Heng Bin (2008). Landing on Hainan Island. China: Great Wall Press. ISBN 9787548300755. 
  3. Westad, Odd (2003). Decisive Encounters: The Chinese Civil War, 1946-1950. Stanford University Press. p. 305. ISBN 9780804744843. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hsiung, James C. (1992). China's Bitter Victory: The War With Japan, 1937-1945. New York: M.E. Sharpe publishing. ISBN 1-56324-246-X. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Lynch, Michael (2010). The Chinese Civil War 1945-49. Osprey Publishing. p. 91. ISBN 978-1841766713. 
  6. Gay, Kathlyn. [2008] (2008). 21st Century Books. Mao Zedong's China. ISBN 0-8225-7285-0. p. 7
  7. Hutchings, Graham. [2001] (2001). Modern China: A Guide to a Century of Change. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-00658-5.
  8. Leslie C. Green. The Contemporary Law of Armed Conflict. p. 79. 
  9. So, Alvin Y. Lin, Nan. Poston, Dudley L. Contributor Professor, So, Alvin Y. [2001] (2001). The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Greenwood Publishing. ISBN 0-313-30869-1.