Gyeonggi-do (Korean pronunciation: [kjʌŋ.ɡi.do]) is the most populous province in the Republic of Korea. The provincial capital is located at Suwon. Seoul—the Republic of Korea's largest city an national capital—is located in the heart of the province, but has been separately administered at a provincial-level special ceety since 1946. Incheon—the Republic of Korea's third largest city—is located on the coast of the province, but has been similarly administered at a provincial-level metropolitan ceety since 1981. The three administrations between them cover 11,730 km2, with a combined (census) population in 2005 of 22,766,850—amounting to over 48% of the entire population of the Republic of Korea.
Gyeonggi Province, as, consists of 27 cities (special: 7, normal: 20) and fewer counties. This is because many counties were elevated to city status owing to the influence of Seoul’s new town development plan. Special cities are especially concentrated in the southern area of Gyeonggi-do.