Gauteng

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Gauteng
Province o Sooth Africae
Motto: Unity in Diversity
Map showin the location o Gauteng in the north-central pairt o Sooth Africae
Location o Gauteng in Sooth Africae
Kintra  Sooth Africae
Established 27 Aprile 1994
Caipital Johannesburg
Destricts
Government
 • Type Parliamentary seestem
 • Premier Nomvula Mokonyane (ANC)
Area[1]
 • Total 18,178 km2 (7,019 sq mi)
Area rank 9t in Sooth Africae
Highest elevation 1,913 m (6,276 ft)
Population (2007)[2][3][4]
 • Total 10,667,578
 • Estimate (2011) 11,328,203
 • Rank 1st in Sooth Africae
 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Density rank 1st in Sooth Africae
Population groups[5]
 • Black African 75.2%
 • White 18.4%
 • Coloured 3.7%
 • Indie or Asie 2.7%
Leids[6]
 • Zulu 21.1%
 • Afrikaans 13.6%
 • Sotho 12.6%
 • Inglis 12.0%
 • Northren Sotho 11.2%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code ZA-GT
Website www.gautengonline.gov.za

Gauteng (Inglis pronunciation: /ɡaʊˈtɛŋ/[7] or /xaʊˈtɛŋ/; Sotho pronunciation [xɑ́.ú.ˈtʼè.ŋ̀]) is ane o the nine provinces o Sooth Africae. It wis formit frae pairt o the auld Transvaal Province efter Sooth Africae's first aw-race elections on 27 Aprile 1994. It wis initially namit Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging (or PWV) an wis renamit 'Gauteng' in December 1994.

Situatit in the hert o the Highveld, Gauteng is the smawest province in Sooth Africae, wi anerlie 1.4% o the land aurie,[8] but it is heichlie urbanised, containin the ceeties o Johannesburg an Pretoria. As o 2007, it had a population of nearly 10.5 million, makin it the maist populous province in Sooth Africae.[9]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Gauteng comes frae the Sesotho wird meanin "Place o Gowd", the historical Sesotho name for Johannesburg an surroondin auries. This referred tae the thrivin gowd industry in the province follaein the 1886 discovery o gowd in Johannesburg.[8] The Sesotho wird is a locative derived frae the Afrikaans goud (gowd) plus the locative suffix "-ng." When properly pronoonced, the first letter o the name Gauteng is a voiceless velar fricative, pronoonced similarly tae the "ch" in the German achtung or Scots loch. This pronunciation is natural in baith the Sesotho an Afrikaans leids.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Stats in Brief, 2010. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2010. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-621-39563-1. 
  2. "Community Survey 2007: Basic results" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 2. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  3. 2007 population figure adjusted to account for the transfer of Merafong City from North West to Gauteng.
  4. Mid-year population estimates, 2011 (Report). Statistics South Africa. 2011. http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/P0302/P03022011.pdf. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  5. "Statistical release P0301: Community Survey, 2007 (Revised version)" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 25. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  6. "Table: Census 2001 by province, language, population group and gender.". Census 2001 Interactive Tables. Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  7. Merriam-Webster Online.[1] They transcribe it /ˈɡaʊtɛŋ/, with the stress on the first syllable, but the audio file is /ɡaʊˈtɛŋ/, with the stress on the second; the latter more closely matches the Sotho.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "About Gauteng". Gauteng Provincial Government. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  9. "Community Survey 2007: Basic results" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 2. Retrieved 23 September 2009.