Seoul Naitional Caipital Aurie

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Greater Seoul Aurie
수도권
Kintra

Banner o Sooth Korea Sooth Korea


Major Ceeties Seoul Special Ceety
Incheon Metropolitan Ceety
Suwon
Goyang
Seongnam
Bucheon
Population (1 November 2010)
 • Metro[1] 23,616,000
 • Percentage o Sooth Korea’s total population 49%
  SMA = Seoul (9.7 mil.) + Incheon (2.6 mil.) + Gyeonggi (11.3 mil.)
Seoul Naitional Caipital Aurie
Hangul 수도권
Hanja 首都
Revised Romanization Sudogwon
McCune–Reischauer Sudokwŏn

The Seoul Naitional Caipital Aurie (SNCA) is a region locatit in the north-wast o Sooth Korea. It is generally referred tae as Sudogwon in Korean, an contains three different admeenistrative destricts; Seoul, Incheon an Gyeonggi-do.

The SNCA is technically distinct frae the Seoul Metropolitan Aurie (SMA), as the umwhile is a fixed entity, while the latter refers tae places currently considered unner the economic, industrial an cultural influence o Seoul. Syne the extension o the Seoul Metropolitan Subway (Korail commuter) tae Asan, Chungcheongnam-do an Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, some hae classifee'd Asan, Cheonan, Chuncheon as nou athin the SMA, but no athin the SNCA. Housomeivver, the terms SNCA, SMA an Sudogwon are lairgely analogous an uised interchyngeably.

The Seoul Naitional Caipital Aurie haes a population o 25.6 million (as o 2012)[1] an is rankit as the third lairgest metropolitan aurie in the warld. It forms the cultural, commercial, financial, industrial, an residential centre o Sooth Korea. The lairgest ceety is Seoul, wi a population o approximately 10.2 million fowk, follaeed bi Incheon, wi 2.6 million.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Naitional Caipital Aurie occupees a broad aurie o relatively flat laund aroond the Han River strath. It contains some o the maist fertile laund on the Korean peninsulae, although relatively little o it is nou uised for agricultur. The Gimpo Plain, ane o the kintra's lairger expanses o level arable laund, covers hintle o the aurie o the ceeties o Gimpo an Bucheon.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coverin anerlie aboot 12% o the kintra's aurie, the Seoul metropolitan aurie is hame to more than 48.2% o the naitional population, an is the warld's 3rd lairgest urban aurie. This percentage haes risen steadily syne the mid-20t century, an the trend is expectit tae continue. Currently mair than hauf o the fowk who muive frae ane region tae anither are muivin tae the caipital aurie.[2] Bi 2020, it is projectit that mair than 52% o Sooth Korea's population will live athin the aurie, or 25,520,000 fowk.[3]

Govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Various agencies hae been set up tae deal wi the intergovrenmental problems o the region. Proposals for consolidatin some or aw o the ceeties o the caipital aurie intae a haundful o metropolitan ceeties hae thus far no been implementit.

Development in the aurie is currently govrened bi the Capital Region Readjustment Planning Act (수도권정비계획법), first passed in 1982 an last revisit in 1996.

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Seoul naitional caipital aurie is dividit amang the special ceety o Seoul, the metropolitan ceety o Incheon, an province o Gyeonggi-do. Seoul haes 25 gu (local govrenment wards), Incheon haes 8 gu an 2 coonties, an Gyeonggi-do haes 27 ceeties an 4 coonties as the subdiveesions.

Seoul[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 25 destricts o Seoul.

Incheon[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 8 destricts an 2 coonties o Incheon.

Gyeonggi-do[eedit | eedit soorce]

27 ceeties an 4 coonties o Gyeonggi-do.

Suwon[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 4 gu o Suwon (수원; 水原).

Ansan[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 2 gu o Ansan (안산; 安山).

Anyang[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 2 gu o Anyang (안양; 安養).


Bucheon[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 3 gu o Bucheon (부천; 富川).

Seongnam[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 3 gu o Seongnam (성남; 城南).

Yongin[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 3 gu o Yongin (용인; 龍仁).




Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceeties o the caipital aurie are tichtly interconnectit bi road an rail. Mony o the kintra's railroad lines, maist notably the Gyeongbu Line, terminate in the region. In addition, the needs for commuter rail are servit bi the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, which passes no anerlie through Seoul an Incheon, but through maist o the ootlyin ceeties an aw.

In addition, the region is a nexus for travel bi air an water. The kintra's twa lairgest airports, Incheon International Airport an Gimpo Airport, are baith locatit in the metropolitan aurie. Internaitional an domestic ferries depairt frae Incheon's various ferry terminals several times a day; in addition, massive volumes o internaitional fricht pass through the container terminals o Incheon (primarily boond tae an frae Cheenae).

Seoul Ring Expressway (Expressway No.100) connects satellite ceeties aroond Seoul, Ilsan, Toegyewon, Hanam, Pyeongchon, Songnae, Bundang, Pangyo an Gimpo.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. A government publication states that on 1 November 2010, the population of “Seoul Metropolitan Area” stood at 23,616 thousand, which is the sum of the figures given for Gyeonggi-do (11,270 thousand), Seoul (9,708 thousand) and Incheon (2,638 thousand), apparently including the periphery.
    Source: “Preliminary Results of the 2010 Population and Housing Census” (PDF). Statistics Korea. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
  1. ^ Korea National Statistical Office (2008-07-22). "e나라지표:수도권 인구 집중 현황" (in Korean). 
  2. ^ Ryu Boseon (류보선) (2005-08-23). "수도권 인구 편중현상 계속" (in Korean). Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO) News. 
  3. ^ Hong, Yong-deok (홍용덕) (2005-06-01). "각종 분산정책 불구하고 수도권은 ‘인구 블랙홀’" (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]