Jerusalem

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Jerusalem
ירושלים
Ceety

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): [[]],
The Holy City[1]
Jerusalem is located in Israel
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Location in Israel
Coordinates: 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Kintra Banner o Israel Israel
Destrict Jerusalem
Government
 • Type Mayor-cooncil
 • Body Jerusalem municipality
 • Mayor Nir Barkat ([[]])
Population (2010)[2]
 • Ceety 933,200
 • Rank 1nt in Israel
 • Metro 1,700,000
Ethnicity
Time zone IST (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) IDT (UTC+3)
Aurie code +972 (Israel) 3 (Ceety)
Website jerusalem.muni.il
Jerusalem

Jerusalem (Ebreu: ירושלים, Yerushaláyim; Arabic: القـُدْس, al-Quds) is the lairgest ceety o Israel an some kintras merkit it as the caipital o Israel though it haes nae internaitional kent heidhaund an is merkit as occupiet grund unner internaitional law. It haes a population o 719,900 indwallers. It is the destination o mony veesitors tae Israel. Jerusalem is merkit as a centre o three releegions (Judaism, Christianity an Islam). The ceety haes a lang history, datin back tae the 19th century BC.

Mony chiels claim that it shoudnae be kent as the caipital o Israel, as East Jerusalem is supposed tae be the Palestinian caipital.

The UN disnae recognise its status as the caipital o Israel as its anerly the caipital unner Israeli law an no internaitional law.

Aye branch o the Israeli govrenment is locatit in Jerusalem, includin the Knesset (Israel's pairliament), the residences o the Prime Meenister an Preses, an the Supreme Court. Jerusalem is hame tae the Ebreu University an tae the Israel Museum wi its Shrine o the Beuk. The Jerusalem Biblical Zoo haes ranked conseistently as Israel's tap tourist attraction for Israelis.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

A ceety cawed Rušalimum or Urušalimum (Foondation o Shalem)[3] appears in auncient Egyptian records as the first twa references tae Jerusalem, in c. 2000 BC an c. 1330 BC respectively.[4][5][6] The form Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) first appears in the Bible, in the beuk o Joshua. This form haes the appearance o a portmanteau (blend) ofYireh (an abidin place o the fear an the service o God)[7] an the oreeginal ruit S-L-M an is no a simple phonetic evolution o the form in the Amarna letters. The meanin o the common ruit S-L-M is unkent but is thocht tae refer tae either "peace" (Salam or Shalom in modren Arabic an Ebreu) or Shalim, the god o dusk in the Canaanite releegion.[8][9][10]

Ramot neighborhuid

Typically the endin -im indicates the plural in Ebreu grammar an -ayim the dual thus leadin tae the suggestion that the name refers tae the fact that the ceety sits on twa hills.[11][12] Housomeivver the pronunciation o the last seellable as -ayim appears tae be a late development, which haed no yet appeared at the time o the Septuagint.

The tradition names the auldest settled neighbourhuid o Jerusalem the Ceety o David. "Zion" initially referred tae pairt o the ceety, but later came tae signify the ceety as a whole an as a metaphor for the Biblical Land o Israel. In Greek an Laitin the ceety's name wis transliteratit Hierosolyma (Ἱεροσόλυμα), although the ceety wis renamed Aelia Capitolina for pairt o the Roman period o its history. In Arabic, Jerusalem is maist commonly kent as القُدس, transliteratit as al-Quds an meaning "The Holy".

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Panorámica de Jerusalén desde el Monte de los Olivos.jpg

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. []
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named population
  3. Jerusalem, the Holy City by Stephen J. Binz, 2005
  4. G. Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren (eds.) Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, (tr. David E. Green) William B. Eerdmann, Grand Rapids Michigan, Cambridge, UK 1990, Vol. VI, p. 348
  5. "EA287 ''Abdi Hiba of Jerusalem to the king, No. 3''". Specialtyinterests.net. Retrieved 2010-09-11. 
  6. "''The El Amarna Letters from Canaan''". Tau.ac.il. Retrieved 2010-09-11. 
  7. The Legends of the Jews Volume 1 by Louis Ginzberg, Release Date: October, 1998
  8. "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  9. Elon, Amos (1996-01-08). Jerusalem. HarperCollins Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0006375316. Retrieved 2007-04-26. "The epithet may have originated in the ancient name of Jerusalem—Salem (after the pagan deity of the city), which is etymologically connected in the Semitic languages with the words for peace (shalom in Hebrew, salam in Arabic)." 
  10. Ringgren, H., Die Religionen des Alten Orients (Göttingen, 1979), 212.
  11. Wallace, Edwin Sherman (August 1977). Jerusalem the Holy. New York: Arno Press. p. 16. ISBN 0405102984. "A similar view was held by those who give the Hebrew dual to the word" 
  12. Smith, George Adam (1907). Jerusalem: The Topography, Economics and History from the Earliest Times to A.D. 70. Hodder and Stoughton. p. 251. ISBN 0790529351. "The termination -aim or -ayim used to be taken as the ordinary termination of the dual of nouns, and was explained as signifying the upper and lower cities"  (see here [1])

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]