Qatar

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State o Qatar
دولة قطر
Dawlaṫ Qaṭar
Banner Emblem
Anthem: السلام الأميري (Arabic)
As Salam al Amiri  (transleeteration)
Amiri Salute

Location an extent o Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Location an extent o Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Doha
25°18′N 51°31′E / 25.300°N 51.517°E / 25.300; 51.517
Offeecial leids Arabic
Demonym Qatari
Government Unitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
 -  Prime Meenister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
Legislatur Consultative Assembly
Establishment
 -  Qatar Naitional Day 18 December 1878 
 -  Declared Unthirldom
1 September 1971 
 -  Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
3 September 1971 
Aurie
 -  Total 11,571 km2 (164th)
4,467.6 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) negligible
Population
 -  2014 estimate 2,155,446[1] (142nt)
 -  2010 census 1,699,435[2] (148t)
 -  Densitie 176/km2 (76t)
455/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $214.575 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $96,993[3] (1st)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $213.784 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $96,635[3] (2nt)
Gini (2007) 41.1[4]
middlin
HDI (2013) Steady 0.851[5]
very heich · 31st
Currency Riyal (QAR)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +974
Internet TLD

Qatar (Arabic: قطر[ˈqɑtˁɑr]; Inglis pronunciation: /kəˈtɑr/ kə-tar;[6][7] local pronunciation: [ɡitˁar][8]), kent offeecially as the State o Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is an Arab kintra, kent officially as an emirate, in the Middle East, occupyin the sma Qatar Peninsulae on the northeasterly coast o the muckle lairger Arabian Peninsulae. It is bordered bi Saudi Arabie tae the sooth; itherwise, the Persian Gulf surroonds the state. A strait o the Persian Gulf separates Qatar frae the nearby island naition o Bahrain. Qatar is an oil- an gas-rich nation, wi the third lairgest gas reserves,[9] and the first[10] or seicont[11] hichtest GDP per capita in the warld. An absolute monarchy, Qatar haes been ruled bi the al-Thani family since the mid-19t century an haes since transformed itself frae a Breetish protectorate notit mainly for pearlin intae an independent state wi significant oil an natural gas revenues.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Population structure". Qatar Statistics Authority. 31 August 2013. 
  2. "Populations". Qsa.gov.qa. Retrieved 2 October 2010. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Qatar". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  4. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  5. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  6. "CMU Pronouncing Dictionary". Speech.cs.cmu.edu. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  7. Koerner, Brendan I (Dec. 3, 2002). "How Do You Pronounce "Qatar"?". Slate.  "The most accurate English estimate is something halfway between 'cutter' and 'gutter.' It's not 'KUH-tar,' the pronunciation that has become the standard among overseas TV and radio newscasters."
  8. Johnstone, T.M. "Ķaṭar." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by: P. Bearman , Th. Bianquis , C.E. Bosworth , E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2008. Brill Online. 04 April 2009 www.brillonline.nl
  9. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2179rank.html
  10. World Economic Outlook Database-April 2010, International Monetary Fund. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
  11. "Middle East :: Qatar". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2009-08-12.