Kathmandu

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Kathmandu
काठमांडौ
Caipital Ceety
Clockwise frae top: Bird's-eye view o Kathmandu; Sadhus; Narayanhity Palace Museum; Swayambhunath Stupa at nicht; Boudhanath Stupa wi a partial panaroma o Kathmandu ahint it; The Shanker Hotel; Pashupatinath Temple; Boudhanath Stupa; Patan Durbar Square
Motto: Ma legacy, ma pride, ma Kathmandu
Kathmandu is located in Nepal
Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°42′N 85°20′E / 27.700°N 85.333°E / 27.700; 85.333Coordinates: 27°42′N 85°20′E / 27.700°N 85.333°E / 27.700; 85.333
Kintra    Nepal
Development Region Central
Zone Bagmati Zone
Destrict Kathmandu Destrict
HDI Increase 0.710 Heich [1]
HPI Decrease 25.8 Law
Literacy Rate Increase 98% Heich
Established 900s AD[2]
Government
 • Chief Executive Officer Kedar Bhahadur Adhikari
Area
 • Total 50.67 km2 (19.56 sq mi)
Elevation 1,400 m (4,600 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,006,656[3]
 • Density 19,866.9/km2 (51,455/sq mi)
  census
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Postal Code 44600 (GPO), 44601, 44602, 44604, 44605, 44606, 44608, 44609, 44610, 44611, 44613, 44614, 44615, 44616, 44617, 44618, 44619, 44620, 44621
Area code(s) +1
Website kathmandu.gov.np

Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमांडौ [kɑːʈʰmɑːɳɖuː]; Nepal Bhasa: येँ महानगरपालिका) is the caipital an lairgest metropolitan ceety o Nepal. The ceety is the urban core o the Kathmandu Valley in the Himalayas, which an aa contains twa sister ceeties namely Patan or Lalitpur, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) tae its sootheast (an auncient ceety o fine airts an crafts) an Bhaktapur, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) tae its east (ceety o devotees). It is an aa acronymed as 'KTM' an named 'tri-ceety'.[4] Kathmandu valley is anerlie slichtly smawer than Singapore in terms o aurie.

The ceety staunds at an elevation o approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) in the bowl-shaped valley in central Nepal surroondit bi fower major muntains, namely: Shivapuri, Phulchowki, Nagarjun an Chandragiri. It is inhabitit bi 949,486 (2009) fowk. The Kathmandu valley wi its three destricts includin Kathmandu Destrict accoonts for a population density o anerlie 97 per km2 whereas Kathmandu metropolitan ceety haes a density o 13,225 per km2. It is bi far the lairgest urban agglomerate in Nepal, accoontin for 20% o the urban population in an aurie o 5,067 hectares (12,520 acres) (50.67 square kilometres (19.56 sq mi)).[5][6][7][8]

Kathmandu is no anerlie the caipital o the Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal but an aa the heidquarters o the Central Region (Madhyamanchal) amang the five development regions constitutit bi the 14 admeenistrative zones o Nepal locatit at the central pairt o the kintra. The Central region haes three zones namely, Bagmati, Narayani an Janakpur. Kathmandu is locatit in the Bagmati Zone.[9]

Kathmandu, as the gateway tae Nepal Tourism, is the nerve centre o the kintra’s economy. Wi the maist advanced infrastructure amang urban auries in Nepal, Kathmandu's economy is tourism centric accoontin for 3.8% o the GDP in 1995–96.

The ceety’s rich history is nearly 2000 years auld, as inferred frae an inscription in the valley. Its releegious affiliations are dominantly Hindu follaed bi Buddhism. Fowk o ither releegious beliefs an aa live in Kathmandu givin it a cosmopolitan cultur. Nepali is the common leid o the ceety, though mony speak the Nepal Bhasa Newari as it is the centre o the Newar (meaning: citizens o Nepal) fowk an cultur. Inglis an Hindi are unnerstood bi aw o the educatit population o the ceety. Besides a significant number o the population speaks ony o the foreign leids like : French, German, Cheenese, Ebreu, Korean etc. The literacy rate is 98% in the ceety.[6]

Kathmandu is nou the premier cultural an economic hub o Nepal an is considered tae hae the maist advanced infrastructure amang urban auries in Nepal. Frae the point o view o tourism, economy an cultural heritage, the sister ceeties o Patan(lalitpur) an Bhaktapur are integral tae Kathmandu. Even the cultural heritage recognition unner the Warld Heritage leet o the UNESCO haes recognized aw the monuments in the three urban agglomerates as ane unit unner the title “Kathmandu Valley-UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid.[10][11]

Toponymy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety o Kathmandu is named efter a structure in Durbar Square cawed Kasthamandap. In Sanskrit, Kastha (काष्ठ) is "wood" an Mandap (मंडप/मण्डप) is "covered shelter." This unique temple, an aa kent as Maru Sthal, wis built in 1596 bi Keeng Laxmi Narsingh Malla. The entire structure contains nae iron nails or supports an is made entirely frae wood. Legend haes it that the timber uised for this twa-story pagoda wis obtained frae a single tree.[12]

Kathmandu is sometimes an aa cawed "Kantipur". "Kanti" is an alternate name o the Goddess Lakshmi, an "pur" means the place whaur such a goddess resides. Thus, the name Kantipur demonstrates the auncient belief that it is the place whaur Lakshmi dwells.

"Yen" is its oreeginal name, which wis given tae it afore introduction o Sanskritized cultur, bi the indigenous fowk, the Newars. Meanin an significance o it is still unkent an unner debate. The locals, in their day-tae-day life still caw their ceety name as Yen, and thus the Nepalbhasha version o the name o the metropolis is Yen Mahanagarpalika.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

fitbaa an cricket are the maist popular sports amang the younger generation in Nepal an there are several stadiums in the ceety.[13] The sport is govrened bi the All Nepal Football Association (ANFA) frae its heidquarters in Kathmandu. The anerlie internaitional fitbaa stadium in the ceety is the Dasarath Rangasala Stadium, a multi-purpose stadium uised maistly for fitbaa matches an cultural an entertainment programs in the neighborhuid o Tripureshwor. It is the lairgest stadium in Nepal wi a capacity o 25,000 an wis built in 1956. Martyr's Memorial League is an aa held in this grund ivery year. The stadium wis renovatit wi the help o Cheenaee afore the 8t Soouh Asian Games wur held in Kathmandu an haed floodlights installed so that it is able tae organise matches an events in the forenuins. Kathmandu is hame tae the auldest fitbaa clubs o Nepal such as RCT, Sankata, NRT. Besides these, maist o ither prominent fitbaa clubs such as MMC, Machhindra FC, Tribhuwan Army Club (TAC), MPC etc.

Cricket is an aa vera popular in Kathmandu. Nepal's U-18 Cricket team is kent tae be ane o the best. Even though Nepal Soccer haes no improved at aw, Nepal cricket haes improved a lot ower these years, an it is capturin the eyes o mair an mair youth in the kintra. It haes become like wha basebaw is tae Americae, an amaist as hou fitbaa is tae Europe. Kathmandu is an aa hame o some o the auldest cricket clubs o Nepal such as Yengal Sports club.

Sports complexes in Kathmandu are no well maintained an maist o them are no up-tae-date acause o the lack o fundin frae the govrenment or ither sources.

Anither internaitional stadium for swimmin events, is locatit in Satdobato, Lalitpur near Kathmandu. ANFA Technical Football Centre is locatit juist adjacent tae this stadium.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Reportit an discussed bi Narayan Sharma, Lunnon Metropolitan University, Lunnon

Kathmandu is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "An Overview of the Central Development Region (CR)" (PDF). Internal-displacement.org. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. "History". Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  3. "National Population Census 2011". National Planning Commission Secretariat, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Government of Nepal. September 2011. 
  4. "Kathmandu". Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  5. "About Kathmandu Metropolitian City Office". Kathmandu Metropolitan City. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Bleak Outlook for Environment in Kathmandu Valley". United Nations Environment Programme: Environment for development. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  7. "About Kathmandu Metropolitian City Office". Kathmandu Metropolitan City Council, Government of Nepal. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  8. "Kathmandu Facts". Kathmandu Metropolitan City Council, Government of Nepal. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  9. "The World Fact Book”Geography". Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), USA. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  10. "Kathmandu Valley-Unesco World Heritage site". World Heritage- UNESCO.org. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  11. "Kathmandu Valley World Heritage site: Nepal" (PDF). Heritage Homeowner’s Preservation Manual. Unesco, Kathmandu and Bangkok. 2006. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  12. "Introduction". Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Government of Nepal. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  13. "Goal Programme – All-Nepal Football Association – 2001". FIFA. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  14. "Twin towns and Sister cities of Minsk [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Russian). The department of protocol and international relations of Minsk City Executive Committee. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]