Bhutan

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Kinrick o Bhutan
འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་
Banner Emblem
Anthem: Druk Tsendhen
The Thunder Dragon Kinrick
Caipital Thimphu
27°28.0′N 89°38.5′E / 27.4667°N 89.6417°E / 27.4667; 89.6417
Largest city caipital
Offeecial leids Dzongkha
Demonym Bhutanese
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Keeng Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
 -  Prime Meenister Tshering Tobgay
Legislatur Parliament
 -  Upper hoose Naitional Cooncil
 -  Lawer hoose Naitional Assembly
Formation Early 17t century
 -  Wangchuk Dynasty 17 December 1907 
 -  Constitutional monarchy 2007 
Aurie
 -  Total 38,394 km2[1][2] (135th)
14,824 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 1.1
Population
 -  2012 estimate 742,737[3] (165t)
 -  2005a census 634,982[4]
 -  Densitie 18.0/km2 (196t)
46.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $4.287 billion[5]
 -  Per capita $6,112[5]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $1.488 billion[5]
 -  Per capita $2,121[5]
Gini (2012) 38.7[6]
middlin
HDI (2013) Increase 0.538[7]
medium · 140t
Currency Bhutanese ngultrumb (BTN)
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
 -  Summer (DST) nae observed (UTC+6)
Drives on the left
Cawin code +975
Internet TLD .bt
a. The population o Bhutan haed been estimatit based on the reportit figur o aboot 1 million in the 1970s when the kintra haed jyned the Unitit Naitions an precise statistics wur lackin.[8] Thus, uisin the annual increase rate o 2–3%, the maist population estimates wur aroond 2 million in the year 2000. A naitional census wis carried oot in 2005 an it turned oot that the population wis 672,425. Consequently, Unitit Naitions Population Diveesion reduced its estimatation o the kintra's population in the 2006 reveesion[9] for the whole period frae 1950 tae 2050.
b. The Indian rupee is an aa legal tender.

Bhutan, offeecally the Kinrick o Bhutan (pronoonced /buːˈtɑːn/ ( listen); Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་; Wylie: 'drug yul; Tibetan pinyin: Zhugyü), is a sma landlocked kintra in Sooth Asie, locatit at the eastren end o the Himalayas an bordered tae the sooth, east an wast bi the Republic o Indie an tae the north bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. Bhutan is separatit frae the nearbi state o Nepal tae the wast bi the Indian state o Sikkim, an frae Bangladesh tae the sooth bi Wast Bengal.

Till the early 17t century, Bhutan existit as a patchwirk o minor warrin fiefdoms, when the aurie wis unified bi the Tibetan lama an military leader Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal who fled releegious persecution in Tibet an cultivatit a separate Bhutanese identity. In the early 20t century, Bhutan came unner the influence o the Breetish Empire, an then upon Indian independence, that o Indie. In 2006, Business Week magazine ratit Bhutan the happiest kintra in Asie an the aicht-happiest in the warld based on a global survey.[10] The caipital ceety o Bhutan is Thimphu. Its offeecial leid is Dzongkha.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

"Bhutan" is a kachari wird, as at ane time Bhutan wis in the aurie o Tibet. "A place o Bod" in Tibetan, Di-Bod meant a place o frozen water, it later became DiBodo-Tibodo-Tibet. Likewise, Bodo hathan-Bhuthan-Bhutan is a possible oreegin o the name: frae Bod, a name o place an Hathan-a kynd o place, in this way Bod Hathan-Bhuthan-Bhutan. In anither theory o Sanskritisation, Bhoṭa-anta (भोट-अन्त) means "At the end o Tibet", as Bhutan is immediately tae Tibet's sooth.

Historically Bhutan wis kent bi mony names, such as Lho Mon (soothren land o daurkness), Lho Tsendenjong (soothren land o the Tsenden cypress), Lhomen Khazhi (soothren land o fower approaches) an Lho Men Jong (soothren land o medicinal herbs).

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Destricts o Bhutan

Bhutan is dividit intae fower dzongdey (admeenistrative zones). Each dzongdey is further dividit intae dzongkhag (destricts). There are twintie dzongkhag in Bhutan. Large dzongkhags are further dividit intae subdistricts kent as dungkhag. At the basic level, groups o veelages form a constituency cried gewog (blocks) an are admeenistered bi a gup, who is electit bi the fowk.

Dzongkhags (destricts) o Bhutan
  1. Bumthang
  2. Chukha (auld spellin: Chhukha)
  3. Dagana
  4. Gasa
  5. Haa
  6. Lhuntse
  7. Mongar
  8. Paro
  9. Pemagatshel (Pemagatsel)
  10. Punakha
  1. Samdrup Jongkhar
  2. Samtse (Samchi)
  3. Sarpang (auld spellin: Sarbhang)
  4. Thimphu
  5. Trashigang (Tashigang)
  6. Trashiyangtse
  7. Trongsa (Tongsa)
  8. Tsirang (Chirang)
  9. Wangdue Phodrang (Wangdi Phodrang)
  10. Zhemgang (Shemgang)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "9th Five Year Plan (2002–2007)". Royal Government of Bhutan. 2002. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  2. "National Portal of Bhutan". Department of Information Technology, Bhutan. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  3. "Bhutan Population clock". Countrymeters.info. 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  4. "Population and Housing Census of Bhutan — 2005" (PPT). UN. 2005. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Bhutan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  7. "Human Development Report 2009. Human development index trends: Table G" (PDF). United Nations. 2009. Archived from the original on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
  8. "Treaty Bodies Database – Document – Summary Record – Bhutan". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR). 5 June 2001. Retrieved 23 April 2009. 
  9. "World Population Prospects". United Nations. 2008. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  10. "The World's Happiest Countries". Images.businessweek.com. Retrieved 2009-04-23. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]