The Great Waw o Cheenae is a series o fortifications made o stane, brick, tamped yird, firth, an ither materials, generally built alang an east-tae-wast line athort the historical northren borders o Cheenae in pairt tae protect the Cheenese Empire or its prototeepical states against intrusions bi various nomadic groups or militar incursions bi various warlike fowks or forces. Several waws wur bein built as early as the 7t century BC; these, later joined thegither an made bigger an stranger, are nou collectively referred tae as the Great Waw. Especially famous is the waw built atween 220–206 BC bi the first Emperor o Cheenae, Qin Shi Huang. Little o that waw remains. Syne then, the Great Waw haes on an aff been rebuilt, maintained, an enhancit; the majority o the existin waw are frae the Ming Dynasty.
↑10,000 li = 6,508 km (4,044 mi). In Chinese, 10,000 figuratively means "infinite", and the number should not be interpreted for its actual value, but rather as meaning the "infinitely long wall".
↑The New York Times with introduction by Sam Tanenhaus (2011). The New York Times Guide to Essential Knowledge: A Desk Reference for the Curious Mind. St. Martin's Press of Macmillan Publishers. p. 1131. ISBN978-0-312-64302-7. "Beginning as separate sections of fortification around the 7th century B.C. and unified during the Qin Dynasty in the 3rd century B.C., this wall, built of earth and rubble with a facing of brick or stone, runs from east to west across China for over 4,000 miles."
↑"Great Wall of China". Encyclopædia Britannica. "Large parts of the fortification system date from the 7th through the 4th century BC. In the 3rd century BC Shihuangdi (Qin Shihuang), the first emperor of a united China (under the Qin dynasty), connected a number of existing defensive walls into a single system. Traditionally, the eastern terminus of the wall was considered to be Shanhai Pass (Shanhaiguan) in eastern Hebei province along the coast of the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli), and the wall’s length—without its branches and other secondary sections—was thought to extend for some 4,160 miles (6,700 km)."