Washington, D.C.

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Washington, D.C.
Federal destrict
District of Columbia
Top left: Healy Hall at Georgetown University; top richt: U.S. Capitol; middle: Washington Monument; bottom left: Frederick Douglass National Historic Site; bottom richt: African American Civil War Memorial
Banner o Washington, D.C.
Banner
Offeecial seal o Washington, D.C.
Seal
Motto: Justitia Omnibus  (Juistice for Aw)
Location o Washington, D.C., in the Unitit States an in relation tae the states o Maryland an Virginia.
Location o Washington, D.C., in the Unitit States an in relation tae the states o Maryland an Virginia.
Coordinates: 38°53′42.4″N 77°02′12.0″W / 38.895111°N 77.036667°W / 38.895111; -77.036667Coordinates: 38°53′42.4″N 77°02′12.0″W / 38.895111°N 77.036667°W / 38.895111; -77.036667
Kintra Unitit States
Federal destrict District of Columbia
Appruivit 16 Julie 1790
Organizit 1801
Consolidatit 1871
Grantit limitit sel-govrenment 1973
Named for George Washington
Govrenment
 • Mayor Vincent C. Gray (D)
 • D.C. Council Phil Mendelson (D), Chairman
Aurie
 • Federal destrict 68.3 sq mi (177.0 km2)
 • Laund 61.4 sq mi (159.0 km2)
 • Watter 6.9 sq mi (18.0 km2)
Elevation 0–409 ft (0–125 m)
Population (2015 estimate)[1][2]
 • Federal destrict 672,228
 • Rank 22nt, U.S. as o 2014 incorporatit places estimate
 • Density 11,011/sq mi (4,251/km2)
 • Metro 6,033,737 (7t, U.S.)
 • CSA 9,546,579 (4t, U.S.)
 • Demonym Washingtonian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 20001-20098, 20201-20599
Aurie code(s) 202
Wabsteid www.dc.gov

Washington, D.C. (pronounced /ˈwɒʃɪŋtən ˌdiːˈsiː/), formally the District of Columbie an commonly referred tae as Washington, the District, or simply D.C., is the caipital o the Unitit States, foondit on Julie 16, 1790. Article Ane o the Unitit States Constitution provides for a federal district, distinct frae the states, tae serve as the permanent naitional caipital. The Ceety o Washington wis oreeginally a separate municipality athin the federal territory till an act o Congress in 1871 establisht a single, unifeed municipal govrenment for the whole District. It is for this raison that the ceety, while legally namit the District of Columbia, is kent as Washington, D.C. Namit in honor o George Washington, the ceety shares its name wi the U.S. state o Washington locatit on the kintra's Paceefic coast.

The District is locatit on the north bank o the Potomac River an is bordered bi the states o Virginia tae the soothwast an Maryland tae the ither sides. The ceety haes a resident population o 599,657; acause o commuters frae the surroondin suburbs, its population rises tae ower one million durin the wirkweek. The Washington Metropolitan Aurie, o which the District is a pairt, haes a population o 5.4 million, the aicht-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the kintra.

The centers o aw three branches o the federal govrenment o the Unitit States are locatit in the District, as are mony o the naition's monuments an museums. Washington, D.C. hosts 174 foreign embassies as well as the heidquarters o the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization o American States (OAS), the Inter-American Development Bank, an the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). The headquarters o ither institutions such as trade unions, lobbyin groups, an professional associations are locatit in the District an aw.

Washington, D.C., is govrenit bi a mayor an a 13-member ceety cooncil. Housomeivver, the Unitit States Congress haes supreme authority ower the ceety an mey owerturn local laws. Residents o the District therefore hae less sel-govrenance than residents o the states. The District haes a nan-votin, at-lairge Congressional delegate, but nae senators. D.C. residents coud no vote in presidential elections till the ratification o the Twintie-third Amendment tae the Unitit States Constitution in 1961.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Washington, D.C. haes ten offeecial sister ceety agreements.[3] Paris is a "Pairtner Ceety" due tae the ane Sister Ceety policy o that commune.[4]

Ceety Kintra Year
Bangkok Thailand Thailand 1962, renewed 2002
Dakar Senegal Senegal 1980, renewed 2006
Beijing Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Cheenae 1984, renewed 2004
Brussels Belgium Belgium 1985, renewed 2002
Athens Greece Greece 2000
Paris Fraunce Fraunce 2000, renewed 2005
Pretoria Sooth Africae Sooth Africae 2002, renewed 2008
Seoul Sooth Korea Sooth Korea 2006
Accra Ghana Ghana 2006
Sunderland Unitit Kinrick Unitit Kinrick 2006
Roum Italy Italy 2011
Ankara Turkey Turkey 2011

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

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