|Banner o the Unitit States|
Americans, or American fowk, are the citizens o the Unitit States o Americae. The kintra is hame tae fowk o different naitional oreegins. As a result, Americans dae no equate their nationality wi ethnicity, but wi citizenship. Aside frae the Native American population, nearly aw Americans or their ancestors immigratit athin the past five centuries.
Despite its multi-ethnic composition, the cultur held in common bi maist Americans is referred tae as mainstream American cultur, a Wastren cultur lairgely derivit frae the traditions o Wastren European immigrants. It includes influences o African American cultur an aw. Wastward expansion integratit the Creoles an Cajuns o Louisiana an the Hispanos o the Soothwast an brocht close contact wi the cultur o Mexico. Lairge-scale immigration in the late nineteent an early twintiet centuries frae Soothren an Eastren Europe introducit a variety o elements. Immigration frae Asie, Africae, an Laitin Americae haes haed impact an aw. A cultural meltin pot, or pluralistic salad bowl, describes the wey in which generations o Americans hae celebratit an exchyngit distinctive cultural characteristics.
In addition tae the Unitit States, Americans an fowk o American descent can be foond internaitionally. As mony as 4 million Americans are estimatit tae be livin abroad.
Naitional personification[eedit | eedit soorce]
Uncle Sam is a naitional personification o the Unitit States an sometimes mair specifically o the American govrenment, wi the first uisage o the term datin frae the War o 1812. He is depictit as a stern elderly white man wi white hair an a goatee beard, an dressed in clothin that recaws the design elements o banner o the Unitit States – for example, typically a top hat wi red an white stripes an white starns on a blue baund, an red an white stripit trousers.
Columbie is a poetic name for the Americas an the feminine personification o the Unitit States o Americae, made famous bi African-American poet Phillis Wheatley durin the American Revolutionary War in 1776. It haes inspired the names o mony bodiess, places, objects, institutions, an companies in the Wastren Hemisphere an ayont.
Leid[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Inglis (anerlie)||225.5 million|
|Spainyie, incl. Creole||34.5 million|
|French, incl. Creole||2.0 million|
Inglis is the de facto naitional leid. Although thare is nae offeecial leid at the federal level, some laws—such as U.S. naturalization requirements—staundartise Inglis. In 2007, aboot 226 million, or 80% o the population agit five years an aulder, spoke anerlie Inglis at hame. Spainyie, spoken bi 12% o the population at hame, is the seicont maist common leid an the maist widely taucht seicont leid. Some Americans advocate makkin Inglis the kintra's offeecial leid, as it is in at least twinty-aicht states. Baith Hawaiian an Inglis are offeecial leids in Hawaii bi state law.
While neither haes an offeecial leid, New Mexico haes laws providin for the uise o baith Inglis an Spainyie, as Louisiana does for Inglis an French. Ither states, such as Californie, mandate the publication o Spainyie versions o certain govrenment documents includin court forms. Several insular territories grant offeecial recognition tae their native leids, alang wi Inglis: Samoan an Chamorro are recognisit bi American Samoa an Guam, respectively; Carolinian an Chamorro are recognisit bi the Northren Mariana Islands; Spainyie is an offeecial leid o Puerto Rico.
Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]
Releegion in the Unitit States haes a heich adherence level, compared tae ither developit kintras, an diversity in beliefs. The First Amendment tae the kintra's Constitution prevents the Federal govrenment frae makkin ony "law respectin an establishment o releegion, or prohibitin the free exercise thareo." The U.S. Supreme Court haes interpretit this as preventin the govrenment frae haein ony authority in releegion. A majority o Americans report that releegion plays a "vera important" role in their lives, a proportion unuisual amang developit naitions, although similar tae the ither naitions o the Americas. Mony faiths hae flourished in the Unitit States, includin baith later imports spannin the kintra's multicultural immigrant heritage, as well as those foondit athin the kintra; these hae led the Unitit States tae become the maist releegiously diverse kintra in the warld.
The majority o Americans (76%) identify thairsels as Christians, maistly athin Protestant an Catholic denominations, accoontin for 51% an 25% o the population respectively. Nan-Christian releegions (includin Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, an Judaism), collectively mak up aboot 4% tae 5% o the adult population. Anither 15% o the adult population identifees as haein nae releegious belief or nae releegious affiliation. Accordin tae the American Religious Identification Survey, releegious belief varies considerably athort the kintra: 59% o Americans livin in Wastren states (the "Unchurched Belt") report a belief in God, yet in the Sooth (the "Bible Belt") the figur is as heich as 86%.
Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]
The development o the cultur o the Unitit States o Americae haes been markit bi a tension atween twa strang sources o inspiration: European ideals, especially Breetish; an domestic oreeginality, such as Jeffersonian democracy. Thomas Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia wis perhaps the first influential domestic cultural critique bi an American.
American cultur encompasses traditions, ideals, customs, beliefs, values, airts, fowklore an innovations developit baith domestically an importit via colonisation an immigration frae the Breetish Isles. Prevalent ideas an ideals which evolvit domestically such as important naitional holidays, uniquely American sports, proud militar tradition, an innovations in the airts an entertainment give a strang sense o naitional pride amang the population as a whole.
See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]
- American diaspora
- American Australian
- American Brazilian
- American Canadians
- American Mexican
- American New Zealander
- Emigration frae the Unitit States
- Hyphenatit American
- Immigration tae the Unitit States
- North Americans in Chile
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Luis Lug; Sandra Stencel, John Green, Gregory Smith, Dan Cox, Allison Pond, Tracy Miller, Elixabeth Podrebarac, Michelle Ralston (February 2008). "U.S. Religious Landscape Survey". The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Pew Research Center. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
- Fiorina, Morris P., and Paul E. Peterson (2000). The New American Democracy. London: Longman, p. 97. ISBN 0-321-07058-5.
- Adams, J.Q., and Pearlie Strother-Adams (2001). Dealing with Diversity. Chicago: Kendall/Hunt. ISBN 0-7872-8145-X.
- Thompson, William, and Joseph Hickey (2005). Society in Focus. Boston: Pearson. ISBN 0-205-41365-X.
- Holloway, Joseph E. (2005). Africanisms in American Culture, 2d ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 18–38. ISBN 0-253-34479-4. Johnson, Fern L. (1999). Speaking Culturally: Language Diversity in the United States. Thousand Oaks, California, London, and New Delhi: Sage, p. 116. ISBN 0-8039-5912-5.
- "Record Numbers of Americans Living Abroad". Shelter Offshore. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
- "Table 53—Languages Spoken at Home by Language: 2007". Statistical Abstract of the United States 2010. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- "Foreign Language Enrollments in United States Institutions of Higher Learning". MLA. fall 2002. Archived from the original on October 05 2006. Retrieved October 16, 2006. Check date values in:
- Feder, Jody (January 25, 2007). "English as the Official Language of the United States—Legal Background and Analysis of Legislation in the 110th Congress". Ilw.com (Congressional Research Service). Retrieved June 19, 2007.
- "The Constitution of the State of Hawaii, Article XV, Section 4". Hawaii Legislative Reference Bureau. November 7, 1978. Archived from the original on July 05 2007. Retrieved June 19, 2007. Check date values in:
- Dicker, Susan J. (2003). Languages in America: A Pluralist View. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. pp. 216, 220–25. ISBN 1-85359-651-5.
- "California Code of Civil Procedure, Section 412.20(6)". Legislative Counsel, State of California. Retrieved December 17, 2007. "California Judicial Council Forms". Judicial Council, State of California. Retrieved December 17, 2007.
- "U.S. Stands Alone in its Embrace of Religion". Pew Global Attitudes Project. Archived from the original on February 08 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2007. Check date values in:
- Eck, Diana (2002). A New Religious America : the World's Most Religiously Diverse Nation. HarperOne. p. 432. ISBN 978-0-06-062159-9.
- Barry A. Kosmin and Ariela Keysar (2009). "AMERICAN RELIGIOUS IDENTIFICATION SURVEY (ARIS) 2008" (PDF). Hartford, Connecticut, USA: Trinity College. Archived from the original on April 07 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2009. Check date values in:
- "CIA Fact Book". CIA World Fact Book. 2002. Archived from the original on January 09 2008. Retrieved December 30, 2007. Check date values in:
- "Religious Composition of the U.S.". U.S. Religious Landscape Survey. Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. 2007. Archived from the original on May 06 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2009. Check date values in:
- Newport, Frank (July 28, 2008). "Belief in God Far Lower in Western U.S.". The Gallup Organization. Archived from the original on August 28 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2010. Check date values in:
- DeVita, Philip R.; Armstrong, James D. (2002). Distant mirrors: America as a foreign culture. Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. p. 197. ISBN 9780534556488. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Ortega, Mariana (2009). Alcoff, Linda, ed. Constructing the Nation: A Race and Nationalism Reader. SUNY Series, Philosophy and Race. SUNY Press. p. 35 Extra
|at=(help). ISBN 9781438428475. Retrieved 17 September 2012.