Arkansas

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State of Arkansas
Banner o Arkansas State seal o Arkansas
Flag Great Seal
Nickname(s): The Natural State (current)
The Land of Opportunity (former)
Motto(s): Regnat populus (Latin: The Fowk Rule)
State sang(s): "Arkansas", "Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me)", "Oh, Arkansas" an "The Arkansas Traveler"
Cairt o the Unitit States wi Arkansas heichlichtit
Offeecial leid Inglis
Demonym Arkansan
Arkansawyer
Arkanite
[1]
Caipital Little Rock
Lairgest ceety capital
Lairgest metro Little Rock Metropolitan Area
Aurie Ranked 29t
 • Tot 53,179 sq mi
(137,733 km2)
 • Width 239 miles (385 km)
 • Lenth 261 miles (420 km)
 • % watter 2.09
 • Latitude 33° 00′ N tae 36° 30′ N
 • Longitude 89° 39′ W tae 94° 37′ W
Population Ranked 33rd
 • Tot 3,000,942 (2017 est)[2]
 • Density 56.4/sq mi  (21.8/km2)
Ranked 34t
 • Median hoosehauld income $40,531 (48t)
Elevation
 • Heichest pynt Magazine Mountain[3][4][lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 2]
2,753 ft (839 m)
 • Mean 650 ft  (200 m)
 • Lawest pynt Ouachita River at Louisiana border[4][lower-alpha 1]
55 ft (17 m)
Afore statehuid Arkansas Territory
Admission to Union 15 Juin 1836 (25t)
Govrenor Asa Hutchinson (R)
Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin (R)
Legislatur General Assembly
 • Upper hoose Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
U.S. Senators John Boozman (R)
Tom Cotton (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation 4 Republicans (leet)
Time zone Central: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166 US-AR
Abbreviations AR, Ark.
Wabsteid www.arkansas.gov

Arkansas (Listeni/ˈɑːrkənsɔː/) is a state locatit in the Soothren region o the Unitit States, hame tae ower 3 million fowk as o 2017.[7][8] Its name is o Siouan derivation frae the language o the Osage denotin thair relatit kin, the Quapaw Indians.[9] The state's diverse geografie ranges frae the muntainous regions o the Ozark an the Ouachita Muntains, that mak up the U.S. Interior Hielands, tae the densely forestit laund in the sooth kent as the Arkansas Timberlands, tae the eastren lawlands alang the Mississippi River an the Arkansas Delta.

Arkansas is the 29t lairgest bi aurie an the 33rd maist populous o the 50 Unitit States. The caipital an maist populous ceety is Little Rock, locatit in the central portion o the state, a hub for transportation, business, cultur, an govrenment. The northwastren corner o the state, sic as the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Aurie an Fort Smith metropolitan aurie, is a population, eddication, an economic centre. The lairgest ceety in the state's eastren pairt is Jonesboro. The lairgest ceety in the state's sootheastren pairt is Pine Bluff.

The Territory o Arkansas wis admittit tae the Union as the 25t state on 15 Juin 1836.[10] In 1861, Arkansas widrew frae the Unitit States an jynt the Confederate States o Americae in the Ceevil War. On returnin tae the Union in 1868, the state conteena'd tae suffer due tae its earlier reliance on sclavery an the plantation economy, causin the state tae faw behind economically an socially. White rural interests conteena'd tae dominate the state's politics till the ceevil richts muivement. Arkansas begoud tae diversify its economy follaein Warld War II an lippens on its service industrie, aircraft, poutrie, steel, tourism, cotton, an rice.

The cultur o Arkansas is observable in museums, theatres, novelles, televeesion shaws, restaurants, an athletic venues athort the state. Arkansas's endurin eemage haes earned the state "a special place in the American consciousness".[11] Fowk sic as politeecian an eddicational advocate William Fulbright; umwhile Preses Bill Clinton that served as the 40t an 42nt Govrenor o Arkansas; his wife, umwhile Secretar o State Hillary Rodham Clinton; umwhile NATO Supreme Allied Commander General Wesley Clark, Walmart magnate Sam Walton;[12] sangster-sangwriters Johnny Cash an Glen Campbell; the poet C. D. Wright; an pheesicist William L. McMillan, that wis a pioneer in superconductor resairch; hae aw leeved in Arkansas.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  2. The Geographic Names Index System (GNIS) of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) indicates that the official name of this feature is Magazine Mountain, not "Mount Magazine". Although not a hard and fast rule, generally "Mount X" is used for a peak and "X Mountain" is more frequently used for ridges, which better describes this feature. Magazine Mountain appears in the GNIS as a ridge,[5] with Signal Hill identified as its summit.[6] "Mount Magazine" is the name used by the Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism, which follows what the locals have used since the area was first settled.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Blevins 2009, p. 2.
  2. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  3. "Mag". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  5. "Magazine Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  6. "Signal Hill". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  7. Jones, Daniel (1997) English Pronouncing Dictionary, 15th ed. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-45272-4.
  8. "Census Regions and Divisions of the United States" (PDF). Geography Division, United States Census Bureau. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on January 20, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  9. Lyon, Owen (Autumn 1950). "The Trail of the Quapaw". Arkansas Historical Quarterly. 9: 206–7. 
  10. Cash, Marie (December 1943). "Arkansas Achieves Statehood". Arkansas Historical Quarterly. 2. 
  11. Blevins 2009, p. 4.
  12. Parker, Suzy (September 25, 2011). "Arkansas's hillbilly image persists into 21st century". Little Rock, AR: Reuters. 

Relatit information[eedit | eedit soorce]