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State of Texas
Banner o Texas State seal o Texas
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Lone Star State
Motto(s): Friendship
Cairt o the United States wi Texas heichlichtit
Offeecial leid Nae offeecial leid
(see Leids spoken in Texas)
Spoken leids Inglis 68.7%
Spainyie 27.0%[1]
Demonym Texan
Texian (archaic)
Caipital Austin
Lairgest ceety Houston
Lairgest metro Dallas–Fort Worth[2]
Aurie Ranked 2nt
 • Tot 268,581[3] sq mi
(696,241 km2)
 • Width 773[4] miles (1,244 km)
 • Lenth 790 miles (1,270 km)
 • % watter 2.5
 • Latitude 25° 50′ N tae 36° 30′ N
 • Longitude 93° 31′ W tae 106° 39′ W
Population Ranked 2nt
 • Tot 25,674,681 (2011 est)[5]
 • Density 98.1/sq mi  (37.9/km2)
Ranked 26t
 • Heichest pynt Guadalupe Peak[6][7][8]
8,751 ft (2667.4 m)
 • Mean 1,700 ft  (520 m)
 • Lawest pynt Guwf o Mexico[7]
sea level
Afore statehuid Republic of Texas
Admission to Union 29 December 1845 (28t)
Govrenor Greg Abbott (R)
Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst (R)
Legislatur Texas Legislature
 • Upper hoose Senate
 • Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
U.S. Senators John Cornyn (R)
Ted Cruz (R)
U.S. Hoose delegation 23 Republicans, 9 Democrats (leet)
Time zones  
 • maist o state Central: UTC −6/−5
 • tip o Wast Texas Muntain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166 US-TX
Abbreviations TX, Tex.
Wabsteid www.texas.gov

Texas is the seicont maist populous an the seicont maist extensive o the 50 states in the Unitit States o Americae, an the maist extensive state o the 48 contiguous Unitit States. The name, based on the Caddo wird tejas meanin "friends" or "allies", wis applee'd bi the Spainyie tae the Caddo thairsels an tae the region o their settlement in East Texas.[9] Texas haes an aurie o 268,820 square miles (696,200 km2), an a growin population of 25.7 million residents.[10]

Footnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Texas — Languages. MLA. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 
  2. "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Estimates". US Census. April 4, 2007. Retrieved April 28, 2008. 
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named facts
  4. "Environment" (2008–2009 ed.). Texas Almanac. 2008. Archived frae the original on March 17, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2008. 
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PopEstUS
  6. "El Capitan". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=CD0994. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  8. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  9. Texas, origin of name Handbook of Texas Online
  10. "U.S. Census Bureau Announces 2010 Census Population Counts – Apportionment Counts Delivered to President". Press Release. U.S. Census Bureau. December 21, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2011. 

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