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Houston, Texas
Ceety o Houston
Banner o Houston, Texas
Official seal of Houston, Texas
Space Ceety (offeecial), mair...
Location o Houston ceety leemits in an aroond Harris Coonty
Location o Houston ceety leemits in an aroond Harris Coonty
Houston, Texas is located in the Unitit States
Houston, Texas
Houston, Texas
Location in the Unitit States o Americae
Coordinates: 29°45′46″N 95°22′59″W / 29.76278°N 95.38306°W / 29.76278; -95.38306Coordinates: 29°45′46″N 95°22′59″W / 29.76278°N 95.38306°W / 29.76278; -95.38306
Kintra Unitit States o Americae
State Texas
CoontiesHarris, Fort Bend, Montgomery
IncorporatitJuin 5, 1837
 • TeepMayor–cooncil
 • BodiHouston Ceety Cooncil
 • MayorAnnise Parker
 • Ceety1625.2 km2 (627.8 sq mi)
 • Laund1552.9 km2 (599.59 sq mi)
 • Water72.3 km2 (27.9 sq mi)
 • Metro
26,060 km2 (10062 sq mi)
13 m (43 ft)
 (2010 Census)[1][2]
 • Ceety2,195,914 (4t U.S.)
 • Density1,414/km2 (3,662/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,944,332 (7t U.S.)
 • Metro
6,313,158 (5t U.S.)
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)281, 346, 713, 832
FIPS code48-35000[3]
GNIS feature ID1380948[4]

Houston (Listeni/ˈhjuːstən/) is the fowert-lairgest ceety in the Unitit States o Americae an the lairgest ceety in the state o Texas. As o the 2009 U.S. Census estimate, the ceety haed a population o 2.3 million athin an aurie o 579 square mile (1,500 km2). Houston is the seat o Harris Coonty an the economic centre o the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan aurie—the saxt-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the U.S. wi a population o 5.9 million.

Houston wis foondit on August 30, 1836, bi brithers Augustus Chapman Allen an John Kirby Allen on land naur the banks o Buffalo Bayou. The ceety wis incorporatit on Juin 5, 1837, an named efter then-Preses o the Republic o Texas—umwhile General Sam Houston—who haed commandit at the Battle o San Jacinto, whilk teuk place 25 mile (40 km) east o whaur the ceety wis established. The burgeonin port an railwey industry, combined wi ile discivery in 1901, haes induced continual surges in the ceety's population. In the mid-twintiet century, Houston became the hame o the Texas Medical Centre—the warld's lairgest concentration o heal care an research institutions—an NASA's Johnson Space Centre, whaur the Mission Control Centre is locatit.[5]

Ratit as a beta warld ceety, Houston's economy haes a braid industrial base in the energy, manufacturin, aeronautics, transportation, an heal care sectors an is a leadin centre for biggin oilfield equipment; anerlie New York Ceety is hame tae mair Fortune 500 heidquarters in the ceety leemits.[6][7] The Port o Houston ranks first in the Unitit States in internaitional watterborne tonnage handled an seicont in tot fraucht tonnage handled.[8] The ceety haes a population frae various ethnic an releegious backgrunds an a lairge an growin internaitional community. It is hame tae mony cultural institutions an exhibits—attractin mair nor 7 million visitors a year tae the Houston Museum Destrict. Houston haes an active visual an performin airts scene in the Theatre Destrict an is ane o few U.S. ceeties that affer year-roond resident companies in aw major performin airts.[9]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Republic o Cheenae Taipei, Taiwan (1963)
Spain Huelva, Spain (1969)
Japan Chiba, Japan (1973)
Fraunce Nice, Fraunce (1973)
Azerbaijan Baku, Azerbaijan (1976)
Scotland Grampian Region, Scotland (1979)
Norawa Stavanger, Norrowey (1980)
Australie Perth, Australie (1983)
Turkey Istanbul, Turkey (1986)
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Shenzhen, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (1986)
Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador (1987)
Germany Leipzig, Germany (1993)
Roushie Tyumen, Roushie (1995)
Unitit Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, Unitit Arab Emirates (2001)
Angolae Luanda, Angolae (2003)
Mexico Tampico, Mexico (2003)
Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan (2009)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Texas by Place - GCT-T1-R. Census". US Census. Retrieved 23 Februar 2014.
  2. Lee, Renée C. (3 December 2012). "City wins census appeal; count adjusted". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 23 Februar 2014.
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  5. Texas Medical Center. (2006). In 'A Vision for Strategic Growth'. September 14, 2010 from http://www.texasmedicalcenter.org/NR/rdonlyres/2C814975-2A2B-4AC1-B898-0C424A311C28/0/50YearMasterPlanLowRes2006UpdateV2.pdf Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Fortune 500 2010: Cities Accessed May 25, 2011
  7. "A.T. Kearney Global Cities Index 2010" (PDF). A.T. Kearney. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 25 Mey 2011.
  8. U.S. Port Ranking by Cargo Volume 2004 Archived 2010-01-07 at the Wayback Machine. Port Industry Information, American Association of Port Authorities. 2004. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. Archived [Date missing] at aapa-ports.org [Error: unknown archive URL]
  9. "Museums and Cultural Arts PDF (31.8 KB)", Greater Houston Partnership. Retrieved on 2009-03-21.