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Coordinates: 30°N 70°E / 30°N 70°E / 30; 70

Islamic Republic o Pakistan

اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاكِستان (Urdu)
Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[1]
Emblem o Pakistan
Motto: Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm
ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
"Faith, Unity, Discipline" [2]
AnthemQaumī Tarānah
قومی ترانہ
"The National Anthem"[3]
Aurie controlled bi Pakistan shawn in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled region shawn in licht green.
Aurie controlled bi Pakistan shawn in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled region shawn in licht green.
33°40′N 73°10′E / 33.667°N 73.167°E / 33.667; 73.167
Lairgest ceetyKarachi
24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E / 24.86000°N 67.01000°E / 24.86000; 67.01000
Offeecial leids
Recognised regional leids
Naitional leidUrdu[11][12]
Ethnic groups
44.68% Punjabis
15.42% Pashtuns
14.1% Sindhis
8.38% Saraikis
7.57% Muhajirs
3.57% Balochis
6.28% Others[13]
96.4% Islam (Offeecial)[14]
3.6% ithers[13]
GovrenmentFederal pairlamentar constitutional republic
• Preses
Arif Alvi
Anwar ul Haq Kakar
Sadiq Sanjrani
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
Mian Saqib Nisar
Naitional Assembly
29 December 1930
28 Januar 1933
23 Mairch 1940
• Dominion
14 August 1947
23 Mairch 1956
• Total
881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)[a][17] (33rd)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
197,322,000[18] (6t)
• Density
244.4/km2 (633.0/sq mi) (56t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.060 trillion[19] (25t)
• Per capita
$5,374[19] (137t)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Tot
$284.185 billion[19] (43rd)
• Per capita
$1,468[19] (144t)
Gini (2013)30.7[20]
HDI (2015)Steady 0.550[21]
medium · 147t
CurrencyPakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zoneUTC+5b (PST)
Drivin sideleft[22]
Cawin code+92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD.pk
Territorial Organization

Pakistan (officially The Islamic Republic o Pakistan, and the Urdu is the main and national language of the country) is a situated in South Asia connected with India, the China, Afghanistan an Iran through the borders. Pakistan has an estimated 156,770,000 individuals.


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Pakistan was whiles part of the British Empire but became independent in 1947 on 14th August, along with India. After than it had an existence as a independent state, tho fowk haes bid thare syne the seventeen year thousand BC. Ane o the world's oldest cities, Moenjo-Daro, wis in Pakistan.

In 1947, after many years of campaigning, Pakistan and India war unthirlt frae Breetain. Pakistan wis creatit as the kintra for the Muslims, an Indae for the Hindus. This o coorse left the problem o whaur the Christians, Jews, Buddhists etc. wis tae bide, an thair places in the twa kintras haes been a problem tae the day. The kintra that's cried Bangladesh the nou wis whiles pairt o Pakistan (cried East Pakistan) til it became independent in 1971.

The heidmaist leid o Pakistan is Urdu. Anerly aboot 10% o Pakistani's haes it as thair mither tongue, but it haes acome Pakistan's lingua franca an aw edicate Pakistanis haes it fluent. The ae ither naitional offeecial leid is English, but ilkane o the provinces haes offeecial leids forby thon, sic as Punjabi, Pushtu, Sindhi an sae on. Punjabi haes the maist native speakers, aboot 44% o the kintra's indwallers.

Mair nor aichty leids an byleids is spak in Pakistan. Some is spak bi gey few fowk, sic as Aer thatin 1998 haed anerly 100-200 speakers, while maist haes a wheen mair.

Maist Pakistanis haes at least twa leids, an ken o fower or mair isna byordinar.


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Pakistan was first as a state for the Muslim state of the Indian sub-continent, it isna supreesin that the feck o fowk in Pakistan (96%) is Muslims, (spleet atween awmaist 77% Sunni an 20% Shi'a). The lave is Muslims Christian, Jewish, Buddhism an a taut is Anamist, maistly o the Kalash fowk in the Nor' o the kintra.


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Anerly 53% [23] o Pakistan's indwallers is leeterate. Eddication stairts at the eild o five, tho mony stairtna schuil ava. Thare is, forby state schuils, Islamic schuils cried madrassas in Pakistan that haes been creeticised for upbiggin fundamentalist Islamic support in the kintra, an as an affcome biggin up support for terrorism. Aboot 7.5% o childer in the Nor' Wast Frontier Province is jaloused tae be eddicatit in madrassas.

Thare's modren varsities in Pakistan, as weel as mony airmy colleges that offers trainin for offishers an siclike.

  1. "Includes data for Pakistani territories of Kashmir; Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit–Baltistan (72,520 km2 or 28,000 sq mi).[16] Excluding these territories would produce an area figure of 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi)."


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  1. James Minahan (23 December 2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8.
  2. "The State Emblem". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 1 Julie 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  3. "National Symbols and Things of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 13 Apryle 2014. Retrieved 27 Mey 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  4. "SC orders immediate implementation of Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  5. "Pakistan to replace English with Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 29 Julie 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  6. "PM approves implementation of Urdu language in govt departments – Pakistan – Dunya News". dunyanews.tv.
  7. Irfan Haider. "PM, president to deliver speeches in Urdu on foreign trips, SC told". dawn.com.
  8. "Govt. submits plan to Supreme Court to promote Urdu as official language". The News Teller. Archived frae the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 11 Mey 2017.
  9. "Population by Mother Tongue". Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 12 September 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  10. "Background Note: Pakistan-Profile". State.Gov. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 29 Mey 2012.
  11. Braj B. Kachru; Yamuna Kachru; S.N. Sridhar (27 Mairch 2008). Language in South Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-139-46550-2.
  12. Yasmeen Niaz Mohiuddin (2006). Pakistan: a global studies handbook. ABC-CLIO |. pp. 3, 317, 323–324. ISBN 1-85109-801-1.
  13. a b "Pakistan" Archived 2020-05-24 at the Wayback Machine The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency.
  14. "Part I: "Introductory"". pakistani.org.
  15. Ehsan Rashid (1977). "THE CONCEPT OF PAKISTAN IN THE LIGHT OF IQBAL's ADDRESS AT ALLAHABAD". Iqbal Memorial Talks. Archived frae the original on 3 Mairch 2018. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2014. Ehsan Rashid explains how concept of Pakistan and Iqbal's Allahabad address are interlinked.
  16. "Pakistan statistics". Geohive. Archived frae the original on 6 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 20 Apryle 2013.
  17. "Where is Pakistan?". worldatlas.com.
  18. "Pakistan" IMF Population estimates.
  19. a b c d "Pakistan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 15 Januar 2017.
  20. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. Retrieved 28 Februar 2017.
  21. "Human Development Report 2016" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 26 Mairch 2017.
  22. Miguel Loureiro (28 Julie 2005). "Driving—the good, the bad and the ugly". Daily Times. Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 10 Januar 2012. Retrieved 6 Februar 2014.
  23. Ministry of Education Literacy level Archived 2009-01-21 at the Wayback Machine