Pakistan

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Coordinates: 30°N 70°E / 30°N 70°E / 30; 70

Islamic Republic o Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریہ پاكستان (Urdu)
Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[1]
Banner o Pakistan
Emblem o Pakistan
Banner Emblem
Motto: Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm
ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
"Faith, Unity, Discipline" [2]
Anthem: Qaumī Tarānah
قومی ترانہ
"The National Anthem"[3]
Aurie controlled bi Pakistan shawn in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled region shawn in licht green.
Aurie controlled bi Pakistan shawn in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled region shawn in licht green.
Capital Islamabad
33°40′N 73°10′E / 33.667°N 73.167°E / 33.667; 73.167
Lairgest ceety Karachi
24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E / 24.86000°N 67.01000°E / 24.86000; 67.01000
Offeecial leids
Recognised regional leids
Naitional leid Urdu[11][12]
Ethnic groups (2016) 44.68% Punjabis
15.42% Pashtuns
14.1% Sindhis
8.38% Saraikis
7.57% Muhajirs
3.57% Balochis
6.28% Others[13]
Releegion 96.4% Islam (Offeecial)[14]
3.6% ithers[13]
Demonym Pakistani
Govrenment Federal pairlamentar constitutional republic
• Preses
Mamnoon Hussain
Nawaz Sharif
Raza Rabbani
Sardar Ayaz Sadiq
Mian Saqib Nisar
Legislatur Pairlament
Senate
Naitional Assembly
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
29 December 1930
28 Januar 1933
23 Mairch 1940
14 August 1947
23 Mairch 1956
Aurie
• Tot
881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)[lower-alpha 1][17] (33rd)
• Watter (%)
2.86
Population
• 2017 estimate
197,322,000[18] (6t)
• Density
244.4/km2 (633.0/sq mi) (56t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$1.060 trillion[19] (25t)
• Per capita
$5,374[19] (137t)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$284.185 billion[19] (43rd)
• Per capita
$1,468[19] (144t)
Gini (2013) 30.7[20]
middlin
HDI (2015) Steady 0.550[21]
middlin · 147t
Siller Pakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zone PST (UTC+5b)
Drives on the left[22]
Cawin code +92
Internet TLD .pk

Pakistan (ofeecially The Islamic Republic o Pakistan, frae the Urdu meanin "Laund o the puir") is a kintra in Sooth Asie that haes mairches wi Indie, the Cheenae, Afghanistan an Iran. Pakistan haes an estimatit 156,770,000 indwallers.

National symbols of Pakistan (Official)
National animal Markhor.jpg
National bird Keklik.jpg
National tree Pedrengo cedro nel parco Frizzoni.jpg
National flower Jasminum officinale.JPG
National heritage animal Snow Leopard 13.jpg
National heritage bird Vándorsólyom.JPG
National aquatic marine mammal Platanista gangetica.jpg
National reptile Persiancrocodile.jpg
National amphibian Bufo stomaticus04.jpg
National fruit Chaunsa.JPG
National mosque Shah Faisal Mosque (Islamabad, Pakistan).jpg
National mausoleum
National river Indus river from karakouram highway.jpg
National mountain K2, Mount Godwin Austen, Chogori, Savage Mountain.jpg

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pakistan wis whiles pairt o the Breetish Empire but becam independant in 1947, alang wi Indae. Afore than it haedna existit as a unitit state, tho fowk haes bid there syne the sievent yearthoosand BC. Ane o the warld's auldest ceeties, Moenjo-Daro, wis in Pakistan.

In 1947, efer mony years o campaignin, Pakistan an Indie war unthirlt frae Breetain. Pakistan wis creatit as the kintra for the Muslims, an Indae for the Hindus. This o coorse left the problem o whaur the Christians, Jews, Buddhists etc. wis tae bide, an their places in the twa kintras haes been a problem tae the day. The kintra that's cried Bangladesh the nou wis whiles pairt o Pakistan (cried East Pakistan) til it becam independant in 1971.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

The heidmaist leid o Pakistan is Urdu. Anerly aboot 10% o Pakistani's haes it as their mither tongue, but it haes become Pakistan's lingua franca an aw edicate Pakistanis haes it fluent. The ae ither naitional offeecial leid is English, but ilkane o the provinces haes offeecial leids forby thon, sic as Punjabi, Pushtu, Sindhi an sae on. Punjabi haes the maist native speakers, aboot 44% o the kintra's indwallers.

Mair nor aichty leids an byleids is spak in Pakistan. Some is spak bi gey few fowk, sic as Aer thatin 1998 haed anerly 100-200 speakers, while maist haes a wheen mair.

Maist Pakistanis haes at least twa leids, an ken o fower or mair isna byordinar.

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne Pakistan wis foodit as a state for the Muslim fowk o the Indie sub-continent, it isna supreesin that the feck o fowk in Pakistan (96%) is Muslims, (spleet atween awmaist 77% Sunni an 20% Shi'a). The lave is maistlins Christian, Jewish, Buddhism an a tait is Anamist, maistly o the Kalash fowk in the Nor' o the kintra.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Anerly 53% [23] o Pakistan's indwallers is leeterate. Eddication stairts at the eild o five, tho mony stairtna schuil ava. There is, forby state schuils, Islamic schuils cried madrassas in Pakistan that haes been creeticised for upbiggin fundamentalist Islamic support in the kintra, an as an affcome biggin up support for terrorism. Aboot 7.5% o childer in the Nor' Wast Frontier Province is jaloused tae be eddicatit in madrassas.

There's modren varsities in Pakistan, as weel as mony airmy colleges that offers trainin for offishers an siclike.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Includes data for Pakistani territories of Kashmir; Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit–Baltistan (72,520 km2 or 28,000 sq mi).[16] Excluding these territories would produce an area figure of 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi)."

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. James Minahan (23 December 2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. 
  2. "The State Emblem". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the oreeginal on 1 Julie 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  3. "National Symbols and Things of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the oreeginal on 13 Aprile 2014. Retrieved 27 Mey 2014. 
  4. "SC orders immediate implementation of Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  5. "Pakistan to replace English with Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 29 Julie 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  6. "PM approves implementation of Urdu language in govt departments – Pakistan – Dunya News". dunyanews.tv. 
  7. Irfan Haider. "PM, president to deliver speeches in Urdu on foreign trips, SC told". dawn.com. 
  8. "Govt. submits plan to Supreme Court to promote Urdu as official language". The News Teller. 
  9. "Population by Mother Tongue". Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the oreeginal on 12 September 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  10. "Background Note: Pakistan-Profile". State.Gov. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 29 Mey 2012. 
  11. Braj B. Kachru; Yamuna Kachru; S.N. Sridhar (27 Mairch 2008). Language in South Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-139-46550-2. 
  12. Yasmeen Niaz Mohiuddin (2006). Pakistan: a global studies handbook. ABC-CLIO |. pp. 3, 317, 323–324. ISBN 1-85109-801-1. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Pakistan" The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency.
  14. "Part I: "Introductory"". pakistani.org. 
  15. Ehsan Rashid (1977). "THE CONCEPT OF PAKISTAN IN THE LIGHT OF IQBAL's ADDRESS AT ALLAHABAD". Iqbal Memorial Talks. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2014.  Ehsan Rashid explains how concept of Pakistan and Iqbal's Allahabad address are interlinked.
  16. "Pakistan statistics". Geohive. Retrieved 20 Aprile 2013. 
  17. "Where is Pakistan?". worldatlas.com. 
  18. "Pakistan" IMF Population estimates.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 "Pakistan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 15 Januar 2017. 
  20. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. Retrieved 28 Februar 2017. 
  21. "Human Development Report 2016" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 26 Mairch 2017. 
  22. Miguel Loureiro (28 Julie 2005). "Driving—the good, the bad and the ugly". Daily Times. Pakistan. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 Januar 2012. Retrieved 6 Februar 2014. 
  23. Ministry of Education Literacy level