Unitit Kinrick

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Coat of arms containing shield and crown in centre, flanked by lion and unicorn
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"[nb 2]
Location o the  United Kingdom  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location o the  United Kingdom  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

an lairgest ceety
51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Offeecial leid
and national language
Recognised regional
leids[nb 3]
Ethnic groups (2011)
Government Unitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Prime Meenister David Cameron
Legislatur Pairlament
 -  Upper hoose Hoose o Lords
 -  Lawer hoose Hoose o Commons
 -  Acts o Union o Ingland an Scotland 1 May 1707 
 -  Acts o Union o Great Breetain an Ireland 1 January 1801 
 -  Erse Free State Constitution Act 5 December 1922 
 -  EEC accession[nb 4] 1 January 1973 
 -  Total 243,610 km2 (80t)
94,060 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 1.34
 -  2014 estimate 64,511,000[3] (22nt)
 -  2011 census 63,181,775[4] (22nt)
 -  Densitie 255.6/km2 (51st)
661.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.549 trillion (10t)
 -  Per capita $39,510[3] (28t)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.945 trillion (5t)
 -  Per capita $45,653[3] (19t)
Gini (2012) positive decrease 32.8[5]
middlin · 33rd
HDI (2013) Steady 0.892[6]
very heich · 14t
Currency Poond sterling (£) (GBP)
Time zone GMT (UTC​)
 -  Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the left
Cawin code +44
Internet TLD .uk

The Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland (UK), or Claught Kängrick o Docht Brätain an Norlin Airlann (CK) in Ulstèr-Scotch, (Inglis: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is a sovrein state in wastren Europe.

The UK is a poleetical union o fower kintras: Ingland, Wales an Scotland oan the iland o Great Breetain; an Northren Ireland on the iland o Ireland, alang wi ither ilands athort the warld.

Northren Ireland is the anerlie pairt o the UK that haes a laundmairch, that it haes wi the Republic o Ireland. Apairt frae thon the UK is surroonded bi the Atlantic Ocean, the German Ocean, the Inglis Chainnel an the Erse Sie. The mukkilest iland, Great Breetain, is jyned ti Fraunce an Continental Europe bi the unnersie Chainel Tunnel.

The UK haes a population o aboot 60 million. Maist fowk in the UK spaeks Inglis, but monie ither leids is spak.

The caipital ceitie o the Unitit Kinrick is Lunnon, whilk ligs in the sooth-eist o Ingland. The Pairlament o the Unitit Kinrick is hauden at Wastmeinster in Lunnon. Houaniver, Scotland hauds its ain Pairlament (in Edinburgh) an Wales an Northren Ireland thair ain legislative Assemblies forby (in Cairdiff an Belfast respekivlie).

Historie o the Unitit Kinrick[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Principality o Wales wis taen ower bi Ingland in the 13t yeirhunder (Statute o Rhuddlan) an makkit pairt o the Kinrick o Ingland bi the Acts o Union 1536.

In 1603, Elizabeth I o Ingland dee'd an Jamie the Saxt o Scotland becam James the First o Ingland an aa. The Acts o Union 1707 makkit the Kinrick o Great Breetain an the Scots Pairlament wis unitit wi the Inglis pairlament in Lunnon.

Irland wis taen ower bi Ingland atwein 1169 an 1691. The Act o Union 1800 makkit the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Irland frae the fower launds o Scotland, Ingland, Irland (aa o Irland) an Wales. Thar wis monie a swedge in Irland an in 1922 the Anglo-Irish Treatie makkit maist o Irland - the Irish Free State - independent o the UK. In 1927 the name o the UK wis chynged til the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Irland.

In 1997 the Scots an Welsh fowk votit ti hae thair ain pairlaments; thir wis estaiblisht in 1999 an haes the pouer ti govern thair launds on thair ain maiters alane. The Northren Irish fowk voted ti hae thair ain pairlament an aa in 1998 an it wis estaiblisht, but thar wis a swedge an the pairlament wis stoppit atwein 2002 an 2007.

Demografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the Apryle 2001 UK Census, the Unitit Kinrick's population wis 58,789,194, the thrid mukkilest in the European Union (ahint Germany an Fraunce), the fift mukkilest in the Commonweel an the twintie-first mukkilest in the warld.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thar is monie leids spak in the Unitit Kinrick bi baith native an immigrant.

The native leids can be spleet inti twa groups:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Ryal coat o airms uised in Scotland:
    Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (Scotland).svg
  2. Thare is no authorised version o the naitional anthem as the wirds are a matter o tradeetion; anly the first verse is uisually sung.[1] No law wis passed makin "God Save the Queen" the offeecial anthem. In the Inglis tradeetion, such laws are nae necessary; proclamation an uisage are sufficient tae mak it the naitional anthem. "God Save the Queen" an aa serves as the Ryal anthem for certain Commonweel realms.
  3. Unner the Cooncil o Europe's European Charter for Regional or Minority Leids, Scots, Ulster-Scots, Welsh, Cornish, Erse an Scots Gaelic, are offeecially recognised as regional or minority leids bi the Breetish govrenment for the purposes o the Charter. See an aa Leids o the Unitit Kinrick.[2]
  4. European Union syne 1993.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. National Anthem, British Monarchy official website. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  2. "List of declarations made with respect to treaty No. 148". Council of Europe. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "United Kingdom". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 15 April 2015. 
  4. "2011 UK censuses". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  5. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  6. "2014 Human Development Report" (PDF). 14 March 2013. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 27 July 2014.