Unitit Kinrick

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Banner o Unitit Kinrick
Coat of arms containing shield and crown in centre, flanked by lion and unicorn
Banner Ryal coat o airms[nb 1]
Location o the  United Kingdom  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location o the  United Kingdom  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

an lairgest ceety
51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Offeecial leid
an national leid
Recognised regional
leids[nb 3]
Ethnic groups (2011)
Govrenment Unitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Theresa May
Legislatur Pairlament
Hoose o Lords
Hoose o Commons
1 May 1707
1 January 1801
5 December 1922
1 January 1973
• Tot
243,610 km2 (94,060 sq mi) (80t)
• Watter (%)
• 2014 estimate
64,511,000[3] (22nt)
• 2011 census
63,181,775[4] (22nt)
• Density
255.6/km2 (662.0/sq mi) (51st)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$2.549 trillion (10t)
• Per capita
$39,510[3] (28t)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
• Total
$2.945 trillion (5t)
• Per capita
$45,653[3] (19t)
Gini (2012) positive decrease 32.8[5]
middlin · 33rd
HDI (2013) Steady 0.892[6]
very heich · 14t
Siller Poond sterling (£) (GBP)
Time zone GMT (UTC​)
• Summer (DST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the left
Calling code +44
Internet TLD .uk

Tha Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland (UK), (Inglis: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is a sovrein state in wastren Europe.

The UK is a poleetical union o fower kintras: Ingland, Wales an Scotland oan tha iland o Great Breetain; an Northren Ireland on tha iland o Ireland, alang wi ither ilands athort the warld.

Northren Ireland is tha anerlie pairt o the UK that haes a laundmairch, that it haes wi tha Republic o Ireland. Apairt frae thon the UK is surroonded bi tha Atlantic Ocean, tha German Ocean, tha Inglis Chainnel an tha Erse Sie. Tha mukkilest iland, Great Breetain, is jyned ti Fraunce an Continental Europe bi tha unnersie Chainel Tunnel.

Tha UK haes a population o aboot 60 million. Maist fowk in tha UK spaeks Inglis, but monie ither leids is spak.

The caipital ceitie o tha Unitit Kinrick is Lunnon, whilk ligs in tha sooth-eist o Ingland. Tha Pairlament o tha Unitit Kinrick is hauden at Wastmeinster in Lunnon. Houaniver, Scotland hauds its ain Pairlament (in Edinburgh) an Wales an Northren Ireland thair ain legislative Assemblies forby (in Cairdiff an Belfast respekivlie).

Historie o tha Unitit Kinrick[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tha Principality o Wales wis taen ower bi Ingland in tha 13t yeirhunder (Statute o Rhuddlan) an makkit pairt o tha Kinrick o Ingland bi tha Acts o Union 1536.

In 1603, Elizabeth I o Ingland deed an Jamie the Saxt o Scotland becam James the First o Ingland an aa. Tha Acts o Union 1707 makkit tha Kinrick o Great Breetain an tha Scots Pairlament wis unitit wi tha Inglis pairlament in Lunnon.

Irland wis taen ower bi Ingland atwein 1169 an 1691. Tha Act o Union 1800 makkit tha Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Irland frae tha fower launds o Scotland, Ingland, Irland (aa o Irland) an Wales. Thar wis monie a swedge in Irland an in 1922 tha Anglo-Irish Treatie makkit maist o Irland - tha Irish Free State - independent o tha UK. In 1927 tha name o tha UK wis chynged til tha Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Irland.

In 1997 tha Scots an Welsh fowk votit ti hae thair ain pairlaments; thir wis estaiblisht in 1999 an haes tha pouer ti govern thair launds on thair ain maiters alane. Tha Northren Irish fowk voted ti hae thair ain pairlament an aa in 1998 an it wis estaiblisht, but thar wis a swedge an tha pairlament wis stoppit atwein 2002 an 2007.

Demografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the Apryle 2001 UK Census, the Unitit Kinrick's population wis 58,789,194, the thrid mukkilest in the European Union (ahint Germany an Fraunce), the fift mukkilest in the Commonweel an the twintie-first mukkilest in the warld.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thar is monie leids spak in the Unitit Kinrick bi baith native an immigrant.

The native leids can be spleet inti twa groups:

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Ryal coat o airms uised in Scotland:
    Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (Scotland).svg
  2. Thare is no authorised version o the naitional anthem as the wirds are a matter o tradeetion; anly the first verse is uisually sung.[1] No law wis passed makin "God Save the Queen" the offeecial anthem. In the Inglis tradeetion, such laws are nae necessary; proclamation an uisage are sufficient tae mak it the naitional anthem. "God Save the Queen" an aa serves as the Ryal anthem for certain Commonweel realms.
  3. Unner the Cooncil o Europe's European Charter for Regional or Minority Leids, Scots, Ulster-Scots, Welsh, Cornish, Erse an Scots Gaelic, are offeecially recognised as regional or minority leids bi the Breetish govrenment for the purposes o the Charter. See an aa Leids o the Unitit Kinrick.[2]
  4. European Union syne 1993.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. National Anthem, British Monarchy official website. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  2. "List of declarations made with respect to treaty No. 148". Council of Europe. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "United Kingdom". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 15 Aprile 2015. 
  4. "2011 UK censuses". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  5. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  6. "2014 Human Development Report" (PDF). 14 Mairch 2013. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 27 Julie 2014.