Orkney

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Orkney
Gaelic name Arcaibh
Norse name Orkneyjar
Meanin o name "Ork" possibly oreeginally frae a Pictish tribal name meanin ‘young pig’.[1]
Location
Orkney Islands UK relief location map.jpg
Orkney is locatit in Scotland
Orkney
Orkney
Orkney shawn within Scotland
Coordinates 59°0′N 3°2′W / 59.000°N 3.033°W / 59.000; -3.033Coordinates: 59°0′N 3°2′W / 59.000°N 3.033°W / 59.000; -3.033
Physical geography
Island group Northren Isles
Aurie 990 km2 (380 sq mi)
Admeenistration
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Kintra Scotland
Cooncil aurie Orkney Islands Cooncil
Demografics
Population 22,100 (2017)
Population density 52 per square mile (20/km2)
Lairgest settlement Kirkwa
Lymphad3.svg

Orkney is ane o 32 cooncil auries in Scotland. Orkney is made up o 70 ilands 16 km north o Caithness in northren Scotland. The maist mukkil iland is caad the Mainland; juist 20 is populatit.

Orkney's heidtoun is Kirkwaa on the Mainland, hame ti St Magnus' Cathedral, wi aboot 6,000 fowk an a mukkil port. The anerlie ither burgh is Strumnis at the wast end o the Mainland, wi 2,000 fowk bydin thar. The thrid maist mukkil sattilment is St Margaret's Hup on Sooth Ronaldsay.

Ilands[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist mukkil iland in Orkney is kent as the Mainland. Aa the ither ilands can be clessifee'd as north o sooth o the Mainland. The ilands north o the Mainland is kent as the North Isles, wi thaim til the sooth kent as the Sooth Isles. Sule Skerry an Sule Stack is 60 km wast o the ither Orkneys, but is pairt o the cooncil aurie.

The North Isles[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Sooth Isles[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the ilands caad holms is gey smaa.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Geologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Communications[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frequent ferrie services operates on the follaein routes:

Maist o the mukkil ilands haes thair ain airfeild or airstrip. Loganair operates raigular servises ti sax ilands fae Kirkwaa. Thir include the cuttiest skeduled air serviss in the warld, atwein the ilands o Westray an Papa Westray. The flicht taks twa meinits' but can tak less nor a meinit gin the wind is blawin in the richt airt.

Media[eedit | eedit soorce]

Heirskip[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Leid[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aulder Norn wis replacit bi the Scots leid that itsel is bein replacit bi Scottish Inglis.

Orcadian fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sum weil-kent Orcadians:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Waugh, Doreen J. "Orkney Place-names" in Omand (2003) p. 116.

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


 
Cooncil auries o Scotland
naitional Banner o Scotland

Ceitie o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceitie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Ceitie o Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceitie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Ooter Hebrides (Wastren Isles) | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden