Shetland

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Shetland
Norse nameHjaltland
Meanin o name'Hiltland'
Location
Shetland UK relief location map.jpg
Shetland is locatit in Scotland
Shetland
Shetland
Shetland shawn within Scotland
OS grid referenceHU4363
Coordinates60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217Coordinates: 60°21′N 1°13′W / 60.350°N 1.217°W / 60.350; -1.217
Physical geography
Island groupNorthren Isles
Aurie1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)
Heichest elevationRonas Hill 450 m (1,480 ft)
Admeenistration
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
KintraScotland
Cooncil aurieShetland Islands Cooncil
Demografics
Population23,210 (2012)
Population density15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Lairgest settlementLerwick
Lymphad3.svg

Shetland (aulder spellin: Zetland, frae Ȝetland; Auld Norse Hjaltland; Gaelic: Sealtainn) is an archipelago aff the northeast coast o mainlaund Scotland. The islands lees tae the northeast o Orkney, 280 km (170 mi) frae the Faroe Islands an mak up pairt o the diveesion atween the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast an the German Ocean tae the east. The hail area is aboot 1,466 km² (566 sq mi). Shetland is ane o the 32 cooncil auries o Scotland. The islands' admeenistrative centre an anely burgh is Lerwick.

The lairgest island, kent as "the Mainland," haes an area o 967 km² (374 sq mi), makkin it the third-lairgest Scots island an the fifth-lairgest o the Breetish Isles.

Leid[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Pechts leid deed oot durin the Viking occupation an wis replaced by Auld Norse, whilk in turn evolved intae Norn. This remains the maist kenspeckle aff-faw o Norse cultur on the islands. Awmaist ivery place name in uise thare can be traced back tae the Vikings.[1] Norn continued tae be spoken till the 18t century whan it wis replaced by a insular byleid o Scots kent as Shetlandic an aw, that in turn is bein replaced by Scots Inglis.

Awtho Norn wis spoken for hunders o years it is nou extinct an few written sources remain.

Fowklair[eedit | eedit soorce]

A wulver be a craitur fae Shetland fowklair alike the warwouf, descrived as a man wi a wouf heid kivert in broun fur. Unalike the veecious warwouf it be a pally beast that wad anely fash thiam that fasht it.

Archaeological steids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jarlshof is the best kent prehistoric archaeological steid in Shetland.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Julian Richards, Vikingblod, page 236, Hermon Forlag, ISBN 8283200165



 
Cooncil areas o Scotland
naitional Banner o Scotland

Ceetie o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceetie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Ceetie o Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceetie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden | The Waster Isles