Faroe Islands

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Coordinates: 62°00′N 06°47′W / 62.000°N 6.783°W / 62.000; -6.783

Faroe Islands
Føroyar  (Faroese)
Færøerne  (Dens)
Banner o Faroe Islands
Banner
Coat o airms o Faroe Islands
Coat o airms
Anthem: Tú alfagra land mítt
Thoo, ma maist beauteous laund
Location o the Faroe Islands (circled) in Northren Europe
Location o the Faroe Islands (circled) in Northren Europe
Location o the Kinrick o Denmark (reid), conseestin o the Faroe Islands (circled), Greenland an Denmark
Location o the Kinrick o Denmark (reid), conseestin o the Faroe Islands (circled), Greenland an Denmark
Caipital Tórshavn
62°00′N 06°47′W / 62.000°N 6.783°W / 62.000; -6.783
Lairgest ceety capital
Offeecial leids Faroese,[1] Dens
Ethnic groups Faroe Islanders
Releegion Kirk o the Faroe Islands
Demonym
  • Faroe Islander
  • Faroese
Sovereign state  Kinrick o Denmark
Govrenment Devolved govrenment within pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Margrethe II
Lene Moyell Johansen
Aksel V. Johannesen
Legislatur Løgting
Formation
c. 1035
• Treaty o Kiel
(cedit tae Denmark)[b]
14 Januar 1814
• Gained hame rule
1 Apryle 1948
• Forder autonomy
29 July 2005[2]
Aurie
• Tot
1,399 km2 (540 sq mi) (unrankit)
• Watter (%)
0.5
Population
• October 2017 estimate
50,778[3] (206t)
• 2011 census
48,346[4]
• Density
35.2/km2 (91.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
• Total
$1.642 billion
• Per capita
$33,700
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.09 billion[5]
• Per capita
$61,325
Gini (2015) negative increase 23.3[6]
law · 2
HDI (2008) 0.950[7]
verra heich
Siller Faroese króna[c] (DKK)
Time zone WET (UTC⁠)
• Summer (DST)
WEST (UTC+1)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +298
ISO 3166 code FO
Internet TLD .fo
  1. ^ The monarchy o Denmark reached the Faroes in 1380 wi the ring o Olaf II o Denmark.
  2. ^ The Faroes, Greenland an Iceland war Norse possessions till 1814, as Norawa wis unitit wi Denmark.
  3. ^ The currency, prentit wi Faroese motifs, is issued at paur wi the Dens krone, uises the same sizes an staundarts as Dens cunyies an banknotes an incorporates the same siccarity featurs. Faroese krónur (singular króna) share the Dens ISO 4217 code "DKK".

The Faroe Islands or faerae Isles or Faroes (Faroese: Føroyar, meanin Hogg Isles, Dens: Færøerne) is a smaw curn o islands in the Nor' Atlantic Ocean atween Scotland, Norawa an Iceland. It haes close tradeetional an cultural ties wi the ither Nordic kintras, as weel as Shetland an Orkney. The Faroe Islands are a sel-govrenin territory athin the Kinrick o Denmark, alang wi Denmark proper an Greenland. The total aurie is approximately 1,400 km² (540 sq mi) wi a 2010 population o amaist 50,000.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tho the Islands micht hae been settelt bi Irish monks in the sievent century, this canna be pruiven. Whit is certain, an weel documentit is that bi the middle o the aicht century Norse settlers cam til the Islands an made it an important centre for vaiges atween Ireland, Iceland, The Hebrides, Shetland, Orkney an Scandinavie. They begoud their ain pairliaments, cried things, the maist important ane bein in Tórshavn, that's the caipital ceety o the Faroe Islands the day. Christianity wis brocht til the Islands at the hint-end o the first millennium, replacin the auld Norse paganism. No lang efter, the Faroes cam unner the waldin o the Norwegian kings. Efter the Norwegian croun cam unner Dens waldin, the Faroes becam pairt o Denmark, an hae bid sae sinsyne.

In the middle o the 19t century, the Faroese fowk stairtit tae become kenspeckle for bein dab-haundit at the fishin, as weel as bein braw sailors, an sinsyne the fishin haes been the heidmaist soorce o siller incomin til the kintra.

The Hame Waldin Constitution o 1948 gied faur-raxin richts tae the Faroese fowk, tho mony Faroese fowk aye wants tae become unthirled frae Denmark awthegither. Housome'er, the jaloused ile resoources affshore haes yet tae kythe, an till they dae (gin they iver dae) the muivment for fou unthirldom isna likely tae win.

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Releegion is a gey important pairt o Faroese cultur, the muckle feck o fowk in the kintra is Christians; mair nor 80% o the kintra's indwallers belangs the Evangelical Lutheran Kirk. 10% belangs the Christian Brethren. Tho the kintra haes Viking Pagan ruits, there isna ony orginised Ásatrú body, unlike in Iceland an ither Noric kintras.

Gaun by tradeetion, Christianity wis brocht til the Islands in 999 by a chiel cried Sigmundur Brestisson, tho some scholars threaps that Celtic monks micht hae taen it there 150 year afore that. The Reformation in the Faroes wis throu bi 1540 - twinty year afore Scotland. The first fou translate o the Bible frae the oreeginal leids intil Faroese wis duin in 1961.

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist important soorce o siller for the kintra is the fishin industry. Mair nor 97% o the kintra's export vollum is fish products. The seicont maist muckle industry is tourism, an then oo an ither manufactured products.

Status[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is pairt o the Kinrick o Denmark, but haes haed autonomous status syne 1948. Langsyne it wis pairt o Norrowey, but became unthirled frae that kintra in 1814. Alang wi Greenland it is pairt o the Rigsfællesskab, an unoffeecial Dens term for the autonomous relationship atween Denmark, Greenland an the Faroes. It haes representation on the Nordic Cooncil as pairt o the Dens delegation.

Ower time maist maiters haes been resered tae the hame rule o the Faroes, cept defence (tho they hae their ain coast gaird), fremmit affairs an the legal seestem is aw govrened bi Denmark.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ofeecial leids o the Faroes is Faroese an Dens. Forby thon maist fowk haes a guid ken o Inglis an mony haes German an aw.

Faroese comes frae the Auld Norse, an there is anecdotal evidents that Faroese an Norn wis mutually intelligable, an that whan fishermen frae the Faroes met wi fowk frae Shetland an Orkney they coud unnerstaund ilk ither gey weel gin they spak their ain leids.

Antrin bitties[eedit | eedit soorce]

As wi the ither Nordic kintras, the Faroe Islands hae a heich staundart o leevin, an guid life exspectancy - 79.49 year. The HIV/AIDS rate is unco laich, an the percentage o fowk bidin ablo the puirtith-line is negligable.

The Islands haes nae raigular airmy, defence issues bein the responsibeelity o Denmark.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Faroese Language". The Government of the Faroe Islands. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  2. "Den færøske selvstyreordning, about the Overtagelsesloven (Takeover Act)". Stm.dk. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  3. "Faroe Islands Statistical Office". Hagstova Føroya. Statistics Faroe Islands. Retrieved 5 June 2018. 
  4. Statistics Faroe Islands, accessed 25 September 2016.
  5. "TB05010 BruttotjóðarúrtÞka à ársins prÃsum (1998–2015) – framrokning (2016–2018)-live". 
  6. "PX-Web - Vel talvu". statbank.hagstova.fo. 
  7. Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine., United Nations ESCAP, February 2009

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]