Aiberdeen

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Coordinates: 57°09′09″N 2°06′36″W / 57.1526°N 2.1100°W / 57.1526; -2.1100

For ither uises, see Aiberdeen (disambiguation).
Aiberdeen Mercat Cross

Aiberdeen (Inglis: Aberdeen; Scots Gaelic: Obar Dheathain) is Scotland's third burgh, wi folk nummerin 212,125. It is eh main toon an port o eh North-East o Scotland.

It his eh teename o The Oil Capital Of Europe thanks til eh muckle supply o crude ayl in eh German Ocean (or North Sea). It sits oan eh coast o eh German Ocean, atween eh mooths o eh Don an eh Dee. Aiberdeen is ane o eh 32 cooncil areas o Scotland, officially kent as eh City of Aberdeen.

Coat o Airms an Motto[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen City Cooncil's Coat o Airms

Eh Aiberdeen Coat o Airms is makket up wi twa leopards haudin a reid shield wi three wee castles oan it.

Eh motto o Aiberdeen is "Bon Accord".

Historie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Eh Aberdeen area his seen humans biding for at least 8,000 year.[1] Eh burgh startit as twa separate touns: Auld Aiberdeen at the mooth o eh river Don; an New Aiberdeen, a fishin toun, far eh Denburn watterway entered eh Dee estuary. Eh earliest charter wis grantit by William the Lion in 1179 an confirmed eh corporate richts grantit by David I. In 1319, eh Great Chairter o Robert the Bruce transformed Aiberdeen intae a financially independent toun. Grantit wi it wis the nearby Forest o Stocket, fas income formed the basis for the burghs Common Guid Fund fit still benefits Aiberdonians.[2][3] In the Wars o Scots Independence, Aiberdeen wis under Inglis rule, sae Robert the Bruce laid siege tae Aiberdeen Castle afore destroyin it in 1308, follaed by the massacrin o the Inglis garrison. The burgh wis burned by Edward III o Ingland in 1336, but wis rebuilt an extendit. The burgh wis strangly fortified tae prevent attacks by nearby lairds, but the gates were removed by 1770.

The Powis gate Auld Aberdeen

In the Wars o the Three Kinricks o 1644–1647 the burgh wis plundered by baith sides. In 1644, it wis taken an destroyed by Royalist troops efter the Battle o Aiberdeen[4] an twa year later it wis stormed by a Royalist force unner eh command o the Marquis o Huntly.[5] In 1647 an ootbreak o bubonic plague killit a quarter o eh population. In eh 18th century, a new Toun Hoose wis built an the first social services appeared wi eh Infirmary at Woolmanhill in 1742 an eh Lunatic Asylum in 1779. The cooncil began major road improvements at eh end o the 18th century wi eh main thoroughfares o George Street, King Street an Union Street aw completit at the beginnin o the 19th century.

Union Terrace, Aberdeen, circa 1900

The expensive infrastructure works led tae eh burgh acomin bankrupt in 1817 in eh Post-Napoleonic depression, an economic dounturn immediately efter eh Napoleonic Wars; but eh ceety's prosperity later recoverit. Eh increasin economic importance o Aiberdeen an eh development o eh shipbuilding an fishin industries led tae eh construction o eh present haven including Victoria Dock an eh South Breakwater, an eh extension o eh North Pier. Gas street lichts arrived in 1824 an enhanced watter supply appeared in 1830 whan watter wis pumped frae eh Dee tae a reservoir in Union Place. An unnergrund sewer system replaced open sewers in 1865.[3] Eh burgh wis incorporatit in 1891. Although Auld Aiberdeen haes a separate history an still hauds its ancient chairter, it is nae langer officially independent. It is an integral pairt o eh burgh, as is Woodside an eh Royal Burgh o Torry tae eh sooth o eh River Dee.

Backgroond[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirks[eedit | eedit soorce]

St. Machar Cathedral.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aberdeen haes twa varsities, eh auncient Varsity o Aiberdeen, an Robert Gordon Varsity, a modren varsity eften referred tae as RGU. Aberdeen's student rate o 11.5% is heicher nor eh naitional average o 7%.[6]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Doric - eh dialek that eh fowk o nor'eist Scotland spaek. Nae quite anither leid but whyls deefficult til unnerstaun nanetheless. It disnae hae its ain staundart wey o bein wrat, sae ye micht find fowk writin wards lyk thay dinna soond lyk whan its been spak.

The fuid - butteries (butter rolls), stovies (mince, tatties, mirrans, ingins), buckies, Aiberdeen Angus beef etc.

Pairks an open spaces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Duthie Pairk
  • Hazleheid Pairk
  • Seaton Pairk
  • Johnstane Gairdens
  • Victoria Pairk
  • Wastburn Pairk

Statues[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brigs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen his many brigs, eh maist weel-kent is eh Brig o Dee an the Brig o Don.

Haven[eedit | eedit soorce]

Haven o Aiberdeen
Haven o Aiberdeen

His served eh ayl industry asweel as eh fishin industry

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1396 eh population wis aboot 3,000 fowk. By 1801 it hid grown tae 26,992. In 1841 it wis 63,262; in 1891 121,623; in 1901 153,503; in 2001 it wis 197,328.

Suburbs & Areas[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Fittie - Fit o eh dee
  • Dyce - North
  • Torry - Sooth
  • Garthdee
  • Kincorth
  • Pittodrie
  • Ruthrieston
  • Rubislaw
  • Donside Village
  • Bridge of Don
  • Stoneywood
  • Bucksburn
  • Cove
  • Bieldside
  • Cults

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pittodrie stadium

Aiberdeen Fitbaw Club wis foondit in 1903. Its major success wis winnin the European Cup Winners Cup in 1983 an three league Championships atween 1980 an 1986, unner eh management o Alex Ferguson, also former Manchester United F.C. manager. The club's stadium is Pittodrie at hauds the honour o bein Breetain's first aw-seatit stadium an first wi a dugoot.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin ceities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen is twinn'd wi several burghs athort Europe an throughoot eh world. This includes:

See anaw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Welcome to Aberdeen". Aberdeen Accommodation Index. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
  2. Keith, Alexander (1987). A Thousand Years of Aberdeen. Aberdeen University Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Fraser, W. Hamish (2000). Aberdeen, 1800 to 2000: A New History. Edinburgh: Tuckwell Press.
  4. Brown, Chris (2002). The Battle of Aberdeen 1644. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus Publishing.
  5.  Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1890). "Gordon, George (d.1649)" . In Leslie Stephen an Sidney Lee (ed.). Dictionary o Naitional Biography. 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 190–194.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. "Comparative Education Profile: Aberdeen City Council Area, Scotland". Archived frae the oreeginal on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


 
Cooncil areas o Scotland
naitional Banner o Scotland

Ceetie o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceetie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Ceetie o Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceetie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | The Orkneys | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden | The Waster Isles