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Aiberdeen

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Aiberdeen

  • Aberdeen
  • Obar Dheathain
Fae left tae richt: Marischal College, Wast Touer o the new Toon Hoose on Union Street, River Dee view fae Tollohill Wids, Auld Aiberdeen Heich Street, Aiberdeen Beach
Fae left tae richt: Marischal College, Wast Touer o the new Toon Hoose on Union Street, River Dee view fae Tollohill Wids, Auld Aiberdeen Heich Street, Aiberdeen Beach
Banner o Aiberdeen
Banner
Coat of airms o Aiberdeen
Coat airms
Eik-name(s): 
"Granite Ceety", "Grey Ceety", "Siller Ceety", and "Siller Ceety wi the Gowden Sands"
Location within Scotland
Location within Scotland
Aiberdeen is located in the Unitit Kinrick
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen
Location within Scotland
Aiberdeen is located in Scotland
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen (Scotland)
Aiberdeen is located in Europe
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen
Aiberdeen (Europe)
Coordinates: 57°09′N 2°07′W / 57.15°N 2.11°W / 57.15; -2.11Coordinates: 57°09′N 2°07′W / 57.15°N 2.11°W / 57.15; -2.11
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Cooncil areaAberdeen City
Lieutenancy areaAberdeen
Earliest Charter1179
City status1891
Govrenment
 • Governing bodyAberdeen City Council
 • Lord ProvostBarney Crockett
 • MSPs
 • MPs
Area
 • City an cooncil area185.7 km2 (71.7 sq mi)
Population
 (mid-2016 est.)
196,670[3]
 • Density3505.7/km2 (9,080/sq mi)
 • Urban
214,610[2]
 • Metro
239,530[1]
 • Leid(s)
Scots (Doric) Inglis
Demonym(s)Aberdonians
Time zoneUTC±0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode areas
Area code(s)01224
ISO 3166-2GB-ABE
ONS codeS12000033
OS grid referenceNJ925065
NUTS 3UKM50
Primary AirportAberdeen Airport
Websitewww.aberdeencity.gov.uk
Aiberdeen Mercat Cross

Aiberdeen (Inglis: Aberdeen; Scots Gaelic: Obar Dheathain) is the third burgh o Scotland, wi fowk nummerin 212,125. It is the main toon an port o the Nor-East o Scotland.

It haes the byname o 'The Oil Capital Of Europe' thanks ti the muckle supply o crude ayl in the North Sea. It sits on the coast o the North Sea, atween the mous o the Don an the Dee. Aiberdeen is een o the 32 cooncil areas o Scotland an is offeicially kent as 'The City of Aberdeen'.

Coat o Airms an Motto[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen City Cooncil's Coat o Airms

The Aiberdeen Coat o Airms is makkit up wi twa leopards haudin a reid shield wi three wee castles on it.

The motto o Aiberdeen is 'Bon Accord'.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen his seen humans bidin fur mair than 8,000 year.[4] The burgh stairtit as twa separate toons: Auld Aiberdeen at the mou o the river Don; an New Aiberdeen, a fishin ton, faar the Denburn watterway entered the Dee estuary. The aerliest charter wis grantit by William the Lion in 1179 an confirmed the corporate richts grantit by David I. In 1319, the Great Chairter o Robert the Bruce turnt Aiberdeen ti a financially independent toon. Grantit wi it wis the nearby Forest o Stocket, fas income formed the basis for the burgh's Common Guid Fund fit still benefits Aiberdonians.[5][6] In the Wars o Scots Independence, Aiberdeen wis under Inglis rule, sae Robert the Bruce laid siege tae Aiberdeen Castle afore destroyin it in 1308, follaed by the massacrin o the Inglis garrison. The burgh wis burnt by Edward III o Ingland in 1336, bit wis rebiggit an extendit. The burgh wis strangly fortified ti stop attacks by nearby lairds, bit the fortifications wis remuived by 1770.

The Powis gate Auld Aberdeen

In The Wars o the Three Kinricks o 1644–1647 the burgh wis plunderit by baith sides. In 1644, it wis taen an destroyit by Royalist troops aifter the Battle o Aiberdeen[7] an twa year later it wis stormit by a Royalist force unner the command o the Marquis o Huntly.[8] In 1647 an ootbreak o bubonic plague killit a quarter o the population. In the 18th yeirhunner, a new Toon Hoose wis biggit an the first social services appearit wi the Infirmary at Woolmanhill in 1742 an the Lunatic Asylum in 1779. The cooncil began major road impruivements at the end o the 18th yeirhunner wi the main strachts o George Street, King Street an Union Street, aa completit at the stairt o the 19th yeirhunner.

Union Terrace, Aberdeen, circa 1900

The expensive infrastructure works led ti the burgh becomin bankrupt in 1817 in the Post-Napoleonic depression, an economic doonturn immediately aifter the Napoleonic Wars; bit the burgh's prosperity later recoverit. The increasin economic importance o Aiberdeen an the development o the shipbiggin an fishin industries led ti the biggin o the present haven includin Victoria Dock an the Sooth Brakwatter, an the extension o the North Pier. Gas street lichts cam in 1824, an enhanced watter supply came in 1830 fan watter wis pumpit frae the Dee ti a reservoir in Union Place. An unnergrund sewer system replacit apen sewers in 1865.[6] The burgh wis incorporatit in 1891. Though Auld Aiberdeen haes a separate history an still haes its auld chairter, it isna officially independent noo. It is an integral pairt o the burgh, as is Woodside an the Royal Burgh o Torry ti the sooth o the River Dee.

Backgroond[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirks[eedit | eedit soorce]

The kirk's west front

St Machar Cathedral is a Presbyterian Kirk in Aiberdeen.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen haes twa universities, the ancient University Aiberdeen, an Robert Gordon University, a modren university often referred tae as RGU. Aiberdeen's student rate o 11.5% is heicher nor the naitional average o 7%.[9]

Culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

The scran and pieces - butteries (butter rolls), stovies (mince, tatties, mirrans, ingins), buckies, Aiberdeen Angus beef etc.

Pairks an open spaces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Duthie Pairk
  • Hazleheid Pairk
  • Seaton Pairk
  • Johnsteen Gairdens
  • Victoria Pairk
  • Wastburn Pairk

Statues[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brigs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen his many brigs, the maist weel-kent is the Brig o Dee an the Brig o Don.

Haven[eedit | eedit soorce]

Haven o Aiberdeen
Haven o Aiberdeen

Aiberdeen Haven serves the ayl industry as weel as the fishin industry

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1396 the population wis aboot 3,000 fowk. By 1801 it haed grawn ti 26,992. In 1841 it wis 63,262; in 1891 121,623; in 1901 153,503; in 2001 it wis 197,328.

Suburbs & Areas[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Fittie - Fit o the dee
  • Dyce - North
  • Torry - Sooth
  • Garthdee
  • Kincorth
  • Pittodrie
  • Ruthrieston
  • Rubislaw
  • Donside Village
  • Brig o Don
  • Stoneywid
  • Bucksburn
  • Cove
  • Bieldside
  • Cults

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pittodrie stadium

Aiberdeen Fitbaa Club wis foondit in 1903. Its major success wis winnin the European Cup Winners Cup in 1983 an three league Championships atween 1980 an 1986, unner the management o Alex Ferguson, that uised ti be Manchester United F.C. manager. The club's stadium is Pittodrie at huds the honour o bein Breetain's first aa-seatit stadium an first wi a dugoot.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen railwey station is the main railwey station in Aiberdeen, Scotland. It is the busiest railwey station in Scotland ootwi Glesga an Edinburgh. It is locatit on Guild Street in the city centre, neist ti Union Square.

Twin Cities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen is twinn'd wi several burghs oothrou Europe an aa aroond the world. includin:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "UNITED KINGDOM: Agglomerations". citypopulation.de. Archived frae the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  2. "UNITED KINGDOM: Countries and Major Urban Areas". citypopulation.de. Archived frae the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  3. "Mid-2012 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". Government of the United Kingdom. 31 Mey 2013. Archived frae the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  4. "Welcome to Aberdeen". Aberdeen Accommodation Index. Retrieved 19 Februar 2007.
  5. Keith, Alexander (1987). A Thousand Years of Aberdeen. Aberdeen University Press.
  6. a b Fraser, W. Hamish (2000). Aberdeen, 1800 to 2000: A New History. Edinburgh: Tuckwell Press.
  7. Brown, Chris (2002). The Battle of Aberdeen 1644. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus Publishing.
  8.  Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1890). "Gordon, George (d.1649)" . In Leslie Stephen an Sidney Lee (ed.). Dictionary o Naitional Biography. 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 190–194.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  9. "Comparative Education Profile: Aberdeen City Council Area, Scotland". Archived frae the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


 
Cooncil areas o Scotland
naitional Banner o Scotland

Ceity o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceetie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceetie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden | The Waster Isles