Aiberdeen

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Aberdeen

  • Aiberdeen
  • Obar Dheathain
From left to right: Marischal College, West Tower of the new Town House on Union Street, River Dee view from Tollohill Woods, Old Aberdeen High Street, Aberdeen Beach
From left to right: Marischal College, West Tower of the new Town House on Union Street, River Dee view from Tollohill Woods, Old Aberdeen High Street, Aberdeen Beach
Banner o Aberdeen
Banner
Coat of airms o Aberdeen
Coat airms
Eik-name(s): 
"Granite City", "Grey City", "Silver City", and "Silver City with the Golden Sands"
Location within Scotland
Location within Scotland
Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 501: Unable to find the specified location map definition: "Module:Location map/data/Europe" dinnae exist.
Coordinates: 57°09′N 2°07′W / 57.15°N 2.11°W / 57.15; -2.11Coordinates: 57°09′N 2°07′W / 57.15°N 2.11°W / 57.15; -2.11
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Council areaAberdeen City
Lieutenancy areaAberdeen
Earliest Charter1179
City status1891
Govrenment
 • Governing bodyAberdeen City Council
 • Lord ProvostBarney Crockett
 • MSPs
 • MPs
Area
 • City and council area185.7 km2 (71.7 sq mi)
Population
 (mid-2016 est.)
196,670[3]
 • Density3505.7/km2 (9,080/sq mi)
 • Urban
214,610[2]
 • Metro
239,530[1]
 • Leid(s)
Scots (Doric) Inglis
Demonym(s)Aberdonians
Time zoneUTC±0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode areas
Area code(s)01224
ISO 3166-2GB-ABE
ONS codeS12000033
OS grid referenceNJ925065
NUTS 3UKM50
Primary AirportAberdeen Airport
Websitewww.aberdeencity.gov.uk
Aiberdeen Mercat Cross

Aiberdeen (Inglis: Aberdeen; Scots Gaelic: Obar Dheathain) is Scotland's third burgh, wi folk nummerin 212,125. It is the main toon an port o the North-East o Scotland.

It his the teename o The Oil Capital Of Europe thanks til the muckle supply o crude ayl in the North Sea. It sits oan the coast o the North Sea, atween the mooths o the Don an the Dee. Aiberdeen is een o the 32 cooncil areas o Scotland, officially kent as the City of Aberdeen.

Coat o Airms an Motto[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen City Cooncil's Coat o Airms

The Aiberdeen Coat o Airms is makket up wi twa leopards haudin a reid shield wi three wee castles oan it.

The motto o Aiberdeen is "Bon Accord".

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Aberdeen area his seen humans biding for at least 8,000 year.[4] The burgh startit as twa separate touns: Auld Aiberdeen at the mooth o the river Don; an New Aiberdeen, a fishin toun, far the Denburn watterway entered the Dee estuary. The earliest charter wis grantit by William the Lion in 1179 an confirmed the corporate richts grantit by David I. In 1319, The Great Chairter o Robert the Bruce transformed Aiberdeen intae a financially independent toun. Grantit wi it wis the nearby Forest o Stocket, fas income formed the basis for the burghs Common Guid Fund fit still benefits Aiberdonians.[5][6] In the Wars o Scots Independence, Aiberdeen wis under Inglis rule, sae Robert the Bruce laid siege tae Aiberdeen Castle afore destroyin it in 1308, follaed by the massacrin o the Inglis garrison. The burgh wis burned by Edward III o Ingland in 1336, but wis rebuilt an extendit. The burgh wis strangly fortified tae prevent attacks by nearby lairds, but the gates were removed by 1770.

The Powis gate Auld Aberdeen

In the Wars o the Three Kinricks o 1644–1647 the burgh wis plundered by baith sides. In 1644, it wis taken an destroyed by Royalist troops efter the Battle o Aiberdeen[7] an twa year later it wis stormed by a Royalist force unner the command o the Marquis o Huntly.[8] In 1647 an ootbreak o bubonic plague killit a quarter o the population. In the 18th century, a new Toun Hoose wis built an the first social services appeared wi the Infirmary at Woolmanhill in 1742 an the Lunatic Asylum in 1779. The cooncil began major road improvements at the end o the 18th century wi the main thoroughfares o George Street, King Street an Union Street aw completit at the beginnin o the 19th century.

Union Terrace, Aberdeen, circa 1900

The expensive infrastructure works led tae the burgh acomin bankrupt in 1817 in the Post-Napoleonic depression, an economic dounturn immediately efter the Napoleonic Wars; but the ceety's prosperity later recoverit. the increasin economic importance o Aiberdeen an the development o the shipbuilding an fishin industries led tae the construction o the present haven including Victoria Dock an the South Breakwater, an the extension o the North Pier. Gas street lichts arrived in 1824 an enhanced watter supply appeared in 1830 whan watter wis pumped frae the Dee tae a reservoir in Union Place. An unnergrund sewer system replaced open sewers in 1865.[6] The burgh wis incorporatit in 1891. Although Auld Aiberdeen haes a separate history an still hauds its ancient chairter, it is nae langer officially independent. It is an integral pairt o the burgh, as is Woodside an the Royal Burgh o Torry tae the sooth o the River Dee.

Backgroond[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirks[eedit | eedit soorce]

The kirk's west front

St Machar Cathedral is a Presbyterian Kirk in Aiberdeen.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aberdeen haes twa varsities, the auncient Varsity o Aiberdeen, an Robert Gordon Varsity, a modren varsity eften referred tae as RGU. Aberdeen's student rate o 11.5% is heicher nor the naitional average o 7%.[9]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The fuid - butteries (butter rolls), stovies (mince, tatties, mirrans, ingins), buckies, Aiberdeen Angus beef etc.

Pairks an open spaces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Duthie Pairk
  • Hazleheid Pairk
  • Seaton Pairk
  • Johnstane Gairdens
  • Victoria Pairk
  • Wastburn Pairk

Statues[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brigs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen his many brigs, the maist weel-kent is the Brig o Dee an the Brig o Don.

Haven[eedit | eedit soorce]

Haven o Aiberdeen
Haven o Aiberdeen

Aiberdeen Haven haes served the ile industry asweel as the fishin industry

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1396 the population wis aboot 3,000 fowk. By 1801 it hid grown tae 26,992. In 1841 it wis 63,262; in 1891 121,623; in 1901 153,503; in 2001 it wis 197,328.

Suburbs & Areas[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Fittie - Fit o the dee
  • Dyce - North
  • Torry - Sooth
  • Garthdee
  • Kincorth
  • Pittodrie
  • Ruthrieston
  • Rubislaw
  • Donside Village
  • Bridge of Don
  • Stoneywood
  • Bucksburn
  • Cove
  • Bieldside
  • Cults

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pittodrie stadium

Aiberdeen Fitbaw Club wis foondit in 1903. Its major success wis winnin the European Cup Winners Cup in 1983 an three league Championships atween 1980 an 1986, unner the management o Alex Ferguson, also former Manchester United F.C. manager. The club's stadium is Pittodrie at hauds the honour o bein Breetain's first aw-seatit stadium an first wi a dugoot.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin ceities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen is twinn'd wi several burghs athort Europe an throughoot the world. This includes:

See anaw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "UNITED KINGDOM: Agglomerations". citypopulation.de. Archived frae the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  2. "UNITED KINGDOM: Countries and Major Urban Areas". citypopulation.de. Archived frae the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  3. "Mid-2012 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". Government of the United Kingdom. 31 Mey 2013. Archived frae the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  4. "Welcome to Aberdeen". Aberdeen Accommodation Index. Retrieved 19 Februar 2007.
  5. Keith, Alexander (1987). A Thousand Years of Aberdeen. Aberdeen University Press.
  6. a b Fraser, W. Hamish (2000). Aberdeen, 1800 to 2000: A New History. Edinburgh: Tuckwell Press.
  7. Brown, Chris (2002). The Battle of Aberdeen 1644. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus Publishing.
  8.  Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1890). "Gordon, George (d.1649)" . In Leslie Stephen an Sidney Lee (ed.). Dictionary o Naitional Biography. 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 190–194.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  9. "Comparative Education Profile: Aberdeen City Council Area, Scotland". Archived frae the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


 
Cooncil areas o Scotland
naitional Banner o Scotland

Ceetie o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceetie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Ceetie o Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceetie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden | The Waster Isles