Aiberdeen

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Coordinates: 57°09′09″N 2°06′36″W / 57.1526°N 2.1100°W / 57.1526; -2.1100

For ither uises, see Aiberdeen (disambiguation).
Aiberdeen mercat cross

Aiberdeen (Inglis: Aberdeen; Scots Gaelic: Obar Dheathain) is Scotland's thrid maist mukkil ceitie, wi a population o 212,125. It is the cheif toun an port i the north-eist o Scotland.

It haes the eik-name o Ayl Caipital o Europe thanks til the mukkil supplee o crude ayl in the German Ocean (or North Sie). It ligs on a bey on the coast o the German Ocean, atwein the mooths o the rivers Don an Dee. Forby thon Aiberdeen is ane o the 32 cooncil auries o Scotland, offeecialie kent as the Ceety o Aiberdeen.

Coat o Airms an Motto[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen Ceety Cooncil's Coat o Airms

The Aiberdeen Coat o Airms conseists o twa leopards haudin a reid sheild wi thrie smaw castils on it. Thar's a gowd croun abuin the sheild.

The motto o Aiberdeen is "Bon Accord".

Historie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Aberdeen aurie haes seen human dounset for at least 8,000 years.[1] The ceety begoud as twa separate burghs: Auld Aiberdeen at the mooth o the river Don; an New Aiberdeen, a fishin an treddin dounset, whaur the Denburn watterwey entered the river Dee estuary. The earliest chairter wis grantit bi William the Lion in 1179 an confirmed the corporate richts grantit bi David I. In 1319, the Great Chairter o Robert the Bruce transformed Auberdeen intae a property-awnin an financially independent commonty. Grantit wi it wis the nearbi Forest o Stocket, that's income formed the basis for the ceety's Common Guid Fund that still benefits Aiberdonians.[2][3] In the Wars o Scots Unthirldom, Aiberdeen wis unner Inglis rule, sae Robert the Bruce laid siege tae Aiberdeen Castle afore destroyin it in 1308, follaed bi the massacrin o the Inglis garrison. The ceety wis birned bi Edward III o Ingland in 1336, but wis rebiggit an extendit. The ceety wis strangly fortified tae prevent attacks bi neebourin lairds, but the gates war remuived bi 1770.

The Powis gate Auld Aberdeen

In the Wars o the Three Kinricks o 1644–1647 the ceety wis plunnert bi baith sides. In 1644, it wis taken an ramshacklt bi Ryalist truips efter the Battle o Aiberdeen[4] an twa years later it wis stormed bi a Ryalist force unner the command o the Marquis o Huntly.[5] In 1647 an ootbreak o bubonic plague killt a quarter o the population. In the 18t century, a new Toun Haw wis biggit an the first social services appeared wi the Infirmary at Woolmanhill in 1742 an the Lunatic Asylum in 1779. The cooncil begoud major road impruivements at the end o the 18t century wi the main thoroufares o George Street, King Street an Union Street aw completit at the beginnin o the 19t century.

Union Terrace, Aberdeen, circa 1900

The expensive infrastructure warks led tae the ceety acomin bankrupt in 1817 in the Post-Napoleonic depression, an economic dounturn immediately efter the Napoleonic Wars; but the ceety's prosperity later rekivert. The increasin economic importance o Aiberdeen an the development o the shipbiggin an fishin industries led tae the construction o the present herbour includin Victoria Dock an the South Breakwater, an the extension o the North Pier. Gas street lichtin arrived in 1824 an an enhanced watter supply appeared in 1830 whan watter wis pumped frae the Dee tae a reservoir in Union Place. An unnergrund sewer seestem replaced appen sewers in 1865.[3] The ceety wis incorporatit in 1891. Awtho Auld Aiberdeen haes a separate history an still hauds its auncient chairter, it is na langer offecially independent. It is an integral pairt o the ceety, as is Woodside an the Ryal Burgh o Torry tae the sooth o the River Dee.

Bakgrund[eedit | eedit soorce]

Airt an architectur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Doric - the dialek that the fowk o nor'eist Scotland spaek. Nae quite anither leid but whyls deefficult til unnerstaun nanetheless. It disnae hae its ain staundart wey o bein wrat, sae ye micht find fowk, lyk here on wikipedia, writin wards lyk thay dinna soond lyk whan its been spak.

The fuid - butteries (butter rolls), stovies (mince, tatties, mirrans, ingins), buckies, Aiberdeen Angus beef etc.

Pairks an open spaces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Duthie Pairk
  • Hazleheid Pairk
  • Seaton Pairk
  • Johnstane Gairdens
  • Victoria Pairk
  • Wastburn Pairk

Statues[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brigs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thar's a whein brigs in Aiberdeen, the maist weil-kent bein the Brig o Dee an the Brig o Don. Forby thon, thar's the George VI brig an ithers.

Herbor[eedit | eedit soorce]

Has served the ayl industrie sin the seivinties, umwhyl bein a major fishin port.

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1396 the population wis aboot 3,000 fowk. Bi 1801 it haed growen ti 26,992. In 1841 it wis 63,262; in 1891 121,623; in 1901 153,503; in 2001 it wis 197,328.

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen Fitbaw Club wis foondit in 1903. Its major success wis winnin the European Cup Winners Cup in 1983 an thrie Leag Chaimpionships atwein 1980 an 1986, unner the current Manchester Unitit F.C. manager Alex Ferguson. The club's stadium is Pittodrie that hauds the honour o bein Breetain's first aw-seatit stadium.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin ceities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aiberdeen is twinn'd wi seivral ceities athort Europe an ootthrou the lave o the warld. Thir includes:

See anaw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]


 
Cooncil auries o Scotland
naitional Banner o Scotland

Ceitie o Aiberdeen | Aiberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll an Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries an Gallowa | Ceitie o Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lowden | East Renfrewshire | Ceitie o Edinburgh | Fawkirk | Fife | Ceitie o Glesga | Hieland | Inverclyde | The Mairches | Midlowden | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanrikshire | Ooter Hebrides (Wastren Isles) | Orkney | Perth an Kinross | Renfrewshire | Shetland | Sooth Ayrshire | Sooth Lanrikshire | Stirlin | Wast Dunbartonshire | Wast Lowden

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named prehistory
  2. Keith, Alexander (1987). A Thousand Years of Aberdeen. Aberdeen University Press. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Fraser, W. Hamish (2000). Aberdeen, 1800 to 2000: A New History. Edinburgh: Tuckwell Press. 
  4. Brown, Chris (2002). The Battle of Aberdeen 1644. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus Publishing. 
  5.  Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1890). "Gordon, George (d.1649)". In Leslie Stephen an Sidney Lee. Dictionary o Naitional Biography. 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 190–194.