River Dee, Aiberdeenshire

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River Dee
River Dee at Potarch. - geograph.org.uk - 110070.jpg
The River Dee at Potarch, atween Abyne and Banchry.
Moray Firth topo.png
The north east o Scotland, shawin the location o the Dee.
Native nameUisge Dhè
Basin
Main sourceWells o Dee, Braeriach, Cairngorms
1,220[1] m (4,000 ft)
River moothAiberdeen
57°08′32″N 2°04′02″W / 57.1422°N 2.0673°W / 57.1422; -2.0673Coordinates: 57°08′32″N 2°04′02″W / 57.1422°N 2.0673°W / 57.1422; -2.0673
Basin size2,100 km2 (810 sq mi)
Pheesical chairacteristics
Lenth140 km (87 mi)
Dischairge


Features

The River Dee (Scots Gaelic: Uisge Dhè) is a river in Aiberdeenshire, Scotland. It rises in the Cairngorms an flows throu Strathdee tae reach the Nor' Sea at Aiberdeen. The aurie it rins throu is kent as Deeside, or Ryal Deeside in the region atween Braemar an Banchry acause Queen Victoria visitit the aurie in 1848. She an her husband, Prince Albert, tuir doon an auld castle an biggit Balmoral Castle.[3]

Deeside is a common tourist spot, due tae a mix o bonnie scenery an historic an ryal associations.[3] Deeside, alangside Lochnagar, is considered a National Scenic Aurie an is pairt o the Cairngorm National Pairk.[4] The Dee is faur-ben wi anglers, an is een o the maist weel-kent saumon fishin rivers in the warld.[5]

The New Statistical Account of Scotland attributit the name Dee as haeing been used as airly as the seicont hunneryear AD in the wark of the Alexandrian geographer Claudius Ptolemy, as Δηοῦα (=Deva), meanin 'Goddess', pyntin tae a divine status fur the river in the beliefs o the auncient fowk o the aurie. There ar mony ither rivers in Great Britain wi the same name, an aw o these ar believed tae hae alike wird springheids.[6]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Upper reaches[eedit | eedit soorce]

Faws o Dee in An Garbh Choire

The River Dee rises fae a spring on the Braeriach plat in the Cairngorm Mountains at a heich o aboot 1,220 m,[1] the heichist soorce o ony major river in the Anglo-Celtic Isles.[2] The Dee flows intae a nummer o puils cried the Wells o Dee then flows ower the plat tae the cliff edge fae faur the Faws o Dee plunge intae An Garbh Choire.("burn o the roch corrie"[7]).[8] The river is jynt bi a tributary comin fae the Puils o Dee in the Lairig Ghru, and flows sooth doon the Lairig Ghru atween Ben Macdui an Cairn Toul, tummlin ower faws in the Kist o Dee on its wey tae White Brig an the meetin o the watters wi Geldie Burn, at whilk pynt it turns east.[8]

Linn o Dee[eedit | eedit soorce]

Linn o Dee abuin Braemar

At Linn o Dee the river rins east throu a 300 metre naitural rock cleuch.[9] The brig that spans the Dee this pynt wis appent bi Queen Victoria in 1857,[10] an the spot wis muckle favoured bi the queen durin her stays at Balmoral Castle. Atween Linn o Dee an Braemar, the Lui Watter (formed fae the Luibeg an Derry burns) an Quoich Watter jyn the River Dee. The River Clunie meets the watters o the Dee at Braemar.[8] Evidents o human activity as bygane as c8,200 BC hae been fand at mony steids alang the baunks o the Dee.

Strathdee[eedit | eedit soorce]

Throu Deeside the river rins past Braemar, Balmoral Castle, Ballater, Dinnet, Abyne an Banchry tae reach the sea at Aiberdeen. Near Ballater twa rivers ar tributaries: the River Gairn fae the nor' an the River Muick, comin fae Loch Muick tae the sooth. The river remains inwith the Cairngorms National Pairk until it reaches Dinnet. The Watter o Tanar flows throu Glen Tanar afore jynin the Dee at Abyne. The Faws of Feugh has a meetin o the watters wi the Dee at Banchry an Coy Burn enters at Milton o Crathes.[8][11]

The tidal limit is juist abuin Brig o Dee, biggit aroond 1720, that carries the main A90 trunk road fae Aiberdeen tae the so outh.[12] Afore winnin at the Nor' Sea, the river rins throu Aiberdeen Harbour, the main marine centre fur the energy industry in Europe, servicing the ooterly ile an gas industry.[13] An artificial channel wis biggit in 1872 tae strachten the river's flow intae the sea.[citation needit]

Natur an hainin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Deeside and Lochnagar National Scenic Area
Ancient Caledonian Forest, Glen Tanar - geograph.org.uk - 6992.jpg
Caledonian pine forest, Glen Tanar
LocationAberdeenshire, Scotland
Aurie400 km2 (150 sq mi)[14]
Established1981
Govrenin bodyNatureScot

The Dee is important fur natur hainin an the aurie has mony designated steids.[4] The upper catchment doon tae Inverey is inwith the Mar Lodge Estate, that is awnt bi the National Trust for Scotland an has been classified as a national natur reserve syne Mey 2017.[15]

The Cairngorms National Pairk, establisht in 2003,[16] covers the hale o the catchment o the Dee, includin tributaries, doon tae as far as Dinnet.[4] Aside fae bein pairt o the Pairk, the Deeside aurie, alang wi the mountains surroondin Lochnagar as far sooth as the heid o Glen Doll, ar thegither classified as the Deeside and Lochnagar National Scenic Aurie, een o 40 sic auries athort Scotland.[17] The designated national scenic aurie covers 40,000 ha, extendin fae the Geldie doon tae Ballater.[14]

The hale lenth o the Dee is a Speicial Aurie o Conservation (SAC) as saumon, otter an mussels lippen til it for their scowth.[18] Ither SACs wi-in the Deeside aurie include Glen Tanar, the Muir o Dinnet, Ballochbuie an the Morrone Birkwood.[4] The soothren side o Deeside is classified as a Special Pertection Aurie, gien the aurie's importance fur gowden eagle.[19]

Muckle o the semi-naitural Caledonian pine forest in Scotland is wi-in the Dee catchment. The aurie has nationally rare ensaumples o pine wids, birk wids an heather muirs wi associatit wildlife. On the dale floor there are aller an mixed braidleaft wids an meidae gresslaunds.[20]

The Dee is weel kent as a saumon river, haein a series o varied puils, split bi shairp rapids.[5] In 1995 it wis pruift that saumon fishin on the river gied atween £5 tae £6 million a year tae the Grampion Region economy.[21]

Ryal Deeside[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie aroon Braemar an Ballater is kent as Ryal Deeside, a term that the tourist trade has heezed up.[3] Syne the reign o Queen Victoria, the British Ryal Faimily hae spent thair simmers at Balmoral Castle. Ivery year thay attend the Braemar Hieland Gaitherin an ither local events.[22] Birkhaw, umwhile awnt bi the Queen Mither, is noo uised bi Prince Charles.[23]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Watson, Adam (1975). The Cairngorms. Edinburgh: The Scottish Mountaineering Trust.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Scottish Environment Protection Agency and www.theriverdee.org (2007). "The River Dee Catchment Management Plan: Issues Consultation Document" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 21 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Royal Deeside". Visit Scotland. Retrieved 7 Februar 2018.
  4. 5.0 5.1 "River Dee - Angling". River Dee Trust. Retrieved 7 Februar 2018.
  5. "The New Statistical Account of Scotland, pp. 3-4". William Blackwood and Sons. 1845. Retrieved 28 Februar 2018.
  6. Anderson, Robert (1911), Deeside, Adam & Charles Black, 4 Soho Square, London
  7. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Ordnance Survey Landranger 1:50000, Sheet 43
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named EB1911
  9. "Linn o' Dee history, tourist information, and nearby accommodation". Britain Express. Retrieved 28 Februar 2018.
  10. Ordnance Survey Landranger 1:50000, Sheet 44
  11. Stapleton, C.; Pethick, J. (1996). Review 52. Coastal processes and management of the Scottish Estuaries. III. The Dee, Don and Ythan Estuaries (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. p. 19.
  12. "Aberdeen Harbour". Aberdeen Harbour Board. Archived frae the original on 29 Mey 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  13. 14.0 14.1 "Deeside and Lochnagar NSA". NatureScot. Retrieved 29 September 2020. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |1= (help)
  14. "Scotland's Newest National Nature Reserves". National Trust for Scotland. 17 Apryle 2017. Retrieved 7 Februar 2018.
  15. "History Leading to the Cairngorms National Park". Cairngorms National Park Authority. Retrieved 27 Februar 2018.
  16. "National Scenic Areas". NatureScot. Retrieved 29 September 2020. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |1= (help)
  17. "River Dee SAC". NatureScot. Retrieved 29 September 2020. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |1= (help)
  18. "Cairngorms Massif SPA". NatureScot. Retrieved 29 September 2020. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |1= (help)
  19. "Caledonian Pinewood Inventory". Forestry Commission Scotland. 24 Juin 2016. Retrieved 28 Februar 2018.
  20. Scottish Office (1997). Report of the Scottish Salmon Strategy Task Force. Edinburgh: Scottish Office.
  21. "The Queen, Prince Philip and Prince Charles attend the Braemar Gathering". News: NE Scotland, Orkney & Shetland. BBC. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  22. Grice, Elizabeth (9 Apryle 2005). "Alone at last (with just a few house guests)". Telegraph. Retrieved 9 November 2013.